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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Crisis and Decline ▸ BalbinusView Options:  |  |  | 

Balbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

Decimus Caelius Balbinus was elected along with Pupienus to end the reign of the brutal thug Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. However, the general population and more importantly the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators and they were murdered after a reign of 99 days.


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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia apparently did not favor Balbinus. If he had a little foresight, he would have modified the chain of events that led to his murder after a reign of only 99 days.
RB86318. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 19, BMCRE VI 34, Cohen V 24 (12 fr.), SRCV III 8499, gVF, excellent portrait, tight flan, some marks and porosity, reverse slightly off center, edge cracks, weight 18.131 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing half left, head left, wand downward over globe at feet in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; scarce; $980.00 (Ä833.00) ON RESERVE


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SH30338. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 19, BMCRE VI 34, Cohen V 24 (12 fr.), SRCV III 8499, Choice EF, flan crack, otherwise perfect!, weight 15.593 g, maximum diameter 30.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing half left, head left, wand downward over globe at feet in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; scarce; SOLD


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SH15470. Silver denarius, RIC IV 7, RSC III 23, Choice aEF, weight 3.039 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 238 A.D.; obverse IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing left, in right baton over globe, cornucopia in left; full circle centering on both the obverse and reverse, nice style; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

IMPCAESDCAELBALBINVSAVG
IMPCDCAELBALBINVSAVG


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 5: Gordian I to Valerian II. (Paris, 1885).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & C.H.V. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol IV, From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 6: Severus Alexander to Pupienus. (London, 1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H.A. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Balbinus