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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Leo I||View Options:  |  |  | 

Leo I, 7 February 457 - 18 January 474 A.D.

Leo I, a native of Dacia, assumed the purple after the death of Marcian in 457 A.D. Leo came to the throne at a time when the Eastern Roman army was made up almost entirely of Germans, and it is through the efforts of Leo that the powerful German military faction's influence was destroyed. After being struck down by illness, he raised his infant grandson to the purple, then died shortly after.

|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
RIC X divides this type into two phases. The earlier phase (457 - 468) is distinguished by an angular form of the letter G and the spear usually pointing between the second P and E of PERPET. The later phase (468 - 473) the G's are rounded and the spear usually points between the E and T.
SH87295. Gold solidus, DOCLR 525, Hunter V 6, Tolstoi 8, Ratto 245, RIC X 605, Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice EF, well centered on a broad flan, nearly as struck with much mint luster, radiating flow lines, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG S (victory of the three emperors, 6th officina), Victory half left supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; ex Dutch Numismatic Auction, auction 1, lot 485; SOLD


|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
RIC X divides this type into two phases. The earlier phase (457 - 468) is distinguished by an angular form of the letter G and the spear usually pointing between the second P and E of PERPET. The later phase (468 - 473) the G's are rounded and the spear usually points between the E and T.
SH37571. Gold solidus, DOCLR 527, Hunter V 8, Tolstoi 11, Ratto 248, RIC X 605 (S), Depeyrot 93/1, SRCV V 21404, Choice gVF, weight 4.458 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, late phase, 468 - 473 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG H (victory of the three emperors, 8th officina), Victory standing half left, supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


|Leo| |I|, |Leo| |I,| |7| |February| |457| |-| |18| |January| |474| |A.D.||solidus|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
SL87035. Gold solidus, DOCLR 529; Tolstoi 13; Ratto 250; RIC X 605 (S); Depeyrot II p. 258, 93/1; SRCV V 21404; Hunter V -, NGC AU, strike 5/5, surface 3/5, brushed (2490379-009), weight 4.47 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 170o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, early phase, 457 - 468 A.D.; obverse D N LEO PERPET AVG, pearl-diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left decorated with horseman; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG I (victory of the three emperors, 10th officina), Victory half left supporting long jeweled cross, star right, CONOB in exergue; NGC| Lookup; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNLEOPERPETAV
DNLEOPERPETAVG
DNLEOPERPETVVSAVG
DNLEOPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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