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Marcian, 24 August 450 - 31 January 457 A.D.
Marcian was selected by Pulcheria to be the successor of her brother, Theodosius II. Marcian is described favorably by Eastern Roman and Byzantine sources, often compared to Emperors Constantine I and Theodosius I. His reign was seen by many later Byzantine writers, such as Theophanes the Confessor, as a golden age: Marcian secured the Eastern Empire both politically and financially, set an orthodox religious line that future emperors would follow, and stabilized the capital city politically. Some later scholars attribute his success not just to his skill, but also to a large degree of luck: not only had he been fortunate enough to have Pulcheria to legitimize his rule, for much of his rule the two greatest external threats to Rome, Persia and the Huns, were absorbed with their own internal problems; additionally, no natural disasters or plagues occurred during his reign. He was remembered fondly by the people of Constantinople, who would shout "Reign like Marcian!" at the installation of future emperors.
|indirectly saved from the Hun. In 452, captured and ransacked , , and other cities in Northern Italy. It seemed would soon attack itself, whose walls were weaker than some cities had already captured. Meanwhile, however, Marcian's Eastern Roman forces had taken the offensive across the Danube, attacking the breadbasket of the Hunnic Empire. The loss of food supply from Attila's own land, and a famine and plague in Italy, depleted Attila's forces, allowing the Western Roman Empire to bribe him into returning to his homeland. Back , threatened to invade the Eastern Empire and enslave the entirety of it. and Aspar ignored his threats. The Eastern Empire had already paid about six tons of gold, yet he threatened them. They reasoned that gold would be better spent building up armies. Attila's attack never came, as he died unexpectedly in 453, either from hemorrhaging or alcoholic suffocation, after celebrating a marriage to one of his many wives. Attila's tribal confederation empire fell apart within a year after his death. settled numerous tribes, formerly under , within Eastern Roman lands as (subject tribes which gave military service in exchange for various benefits).|
|The Column ofwas dedicated to , built by the urbi Tatianus, sometime between 450 and 452. It stands in modern Istanbul, though the statue of which originally topped it has been lost. also had a statue in the of , which contained the of several of Arcadius' successors.|