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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Valentinian III||View Options:  |  |  |   

Valentinian III, 23 October 425 - 16 March 455 A.D.

Placidus Valentinian III was the weak-willed ruler of the Western Empire for thirty-three years. At six, he was made Caesar on 23 October 425 A.D. Dominated successively by his sister Galla Placidia, and then the famed General Aetius, Valentinian III exercised little power of his own. The only notable event of his reign was the defeat of Attila the Hun by Aetius at the Battle of Mauriacus. Valentinian was assassinated in 455 A.D.


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SH37575. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 260, Choice aEF, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 430 - 440 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTIN-IANVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear over shoulder, shield in left decorated with horseman trampling fallen foe; reverse VOT XXX MVLT XXXX B, Constantinopolis enthroned left, wearing helmet, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left hand, shield resting at side of throne, star right; rare (RIC R2); SOLD


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Struck at Ravenna where the late western emperors' made their capital.
SH28125. Gold solidus, RIC X Valentinian III 2018, Cohen VIII 19, SRCV 4310, EF, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, Ravenna mint, c. 430 - 455 A.D.; obverse D N PLA VALENTI-NIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Valentinian standing facing, foot on the head of a man-faced snake with closed coil, holding long cross and Victory on globe, R left, V right, COMOB in exergue; slightly double-struck, a couple very small light scratches; SOLD


Valentinian III, 23 October 425 - 16 March 455 A.D.

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SH26056. Gold solidus, RIC X Valentinian III 2018, Cohen VIII 19, SRCV 4310, EF, weight 4.408 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 195o, Ravenna mint, c. 430 - 455 A.D.; obverse D N PLA VALENTI-NIANVS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors), Valentinian standing facing, foot on the head of a man-faced snake with closed coil, holding long cross and Victory on globe, R left, V right, COMOB in exergue; SOLD


Theodosius II and Valentinian III, 23 October 424 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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This type was issued to commemorate the second joint consulship of Theodosius II (his eleventh) and Valentinian III (his second). A similar issue the year before commemorating their first joint consulship had Valentinian III standing, but now he is an Augustus, a co-emperor, enthroned beside Theodosius.
SH15310. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 237 (S, same reverse legend break); DOCLR 375; Depeyrot p. 253, 79/1; Hahn MIRB 23; SRCV V 21144, Choice EF, weight 4.460 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 426 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, spear in right hand over right shoulder and behind head, shield in his right hand ornamented with a horseman spearing a fallen enemy; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE E (health of the Republic, 5th officina), Theodosius II (on left) and Valentinian III enthroned facing, each nimbate and wearing consular robes, each holds a cruciform scepter in their right hand and mappa in their left hand, star above, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Very rare type struck by Marcian within the first few months of accession on 25 Aug 450 A.D.
SH08027. Gold solidus, RIC X Marcian 505 (R4), DOCLR 863, SRCV V 21270, aEF, some light scratches, weight 4.31 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug - Dec 450 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTIN-IANVS P F AVG, facing bust, pearl diademed (without jewel) and helmeted, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG (victory of the three emperors, no officina), Victory standing left holding jeweled cross, star in right field, CONOB in exergue; very rare; SOLD


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For those used to earlier Roman coins, the bronzes of the 5th Century may appear extremely crude. For its type, this coin is a gem. The reverse legend is complete, and the RM mint mark is legible.
SH58216. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X 2108, LRBC 840, EF, weight 1.182 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 425 - c. 435 A.D.; obverse D N PLA VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES REIPVBLICE (the hope of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath upward in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, T left ( 3rd officina), RM in exergue; ex Helios Numismatic, green patina, superb for the type!; rare; SOLD


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Valentinian's reign is marked by the dismemberment of the Western Empire; by the time of his death, virtually all of North Africa, all of western Spain, and the majority of Gaul had passed out of Roman hands. He is described as spoiled, pleasure-loving, and heavily influenced by sorcerers and astrologers. Valentinian was devoted to religion, contributing to churches of St. Laurence in both Rome and Ravenna.
RL77299. Bronze nummus, RIC X 2124 (R), DOCLR 852, LRBC II 853, SRCV V 21327, VF, typical tight flan, porous, weight 1.245 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina(?), Rome mint, c. 430 - 437 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT PVB, Camp gate with two turrets, S(?) between turrets, RM below; rare; SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III

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In spring 429, the Vandals invaded North Africa. Under the influence of his rival general Atius, Valentinian III's mother, Galla Placidia, had the Roman governor and general Bonifacius convicted of treason. Rather than surrender for execution, Bonifacius revolted and sought support from Vandal mercenaries in Hispania. Bonifacius made peace with Galla Placidia, but it was too late. King Genseric and the entire Vandal kingdom migrated en masse into Africa and took it with a force of 80,000 men. The Vandals would rule North Africa until the Eastern Romans (Byzantines) recaptured it in 534.
ME79994. Bronze nummus, cf. BMC Vandals p. 27, 80 & pl. iii, 38, VF, crowded flan typical for the type, weight 1.460 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 180o, North African mint, c. 429 - 534 A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust of Valentinian III right, blundered legend; reverse camp gate with two turrets, star between turrets, blundered legend; ex Forum (2016); rare; SOLD


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On 23 October 425, Valentinian III, the infant son of Galla Placidia, was installed as Augustus of the Western Roman Empire. Real power was held by his mother, his regent.
RL15472. Bronze nummus, RIC X Valentinian III 2154 var., VF, weight 1.310 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 425 - c. 435 A.D.; obverse D N VAL[EN AVG], pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTO-RIA AVG, Victory walking left, wreath upward in right, palm frond over shoulder in left, RO in exergue; SOLD


Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, c. 429 - 534 A.D., Imitative of Valentinian III

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RL05757. Bronze imitative AE 3, BMC Vandals 12 - 14, pl. III, 3, VF, weight 1.77 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, N. Africa mint, obverse laureate and draped bust of Valentinian III right; reverse blundered version of SALVS PVBLICE, Victory walking left, raising wreath in right hand; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNPLAVALENTINIANVSPFAVG
DNVALENTINIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Valentinian III