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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Valentinian IIIView Options:  |  |  | 

Valentinian III, 23 October 425 - 16 March 455 A.D.

Placidus Valentinian III was the weak-willed ruler of the Western Empire for thirty-three years. At six, he was made Caesar on 23 October 425 A.D. Dominated successively by his sister Galla Placidia, and then the famed General Aetius, Valentinian III exercised little power of his own. The only notable event of his reign was the defeat of Attila the Hun by Aetius at the Battle of Mauriacus. Valentinian was assassinated in 455 A.D.


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As Rome's power decreased, the burden of taxation became more and more intolerable for the remaining western provinces. These higher taxes seriously impaired loyalty of the remaining provinces contributing to downward spiral.
SH53623. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 302, gVF, weight 4.468 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 443 - 450 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTIN-IANVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear over shoulder, shield in left decorated with horseman trampling fallen foe; reverse IMP XXXX II COS XVII P P, Constantinopolis enthroned left, wearing helmet, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left hand, shield resting at side of throne, star left, COMOB in exergue; SOLD


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Obverse legend unlisted in RIC. Exergual mark COMOB with the center of the M filled on the die, resulting in "TT". Lettering style and portrait is cruder than other Ravenna mint issues. Possibly Vandalic?
SH53627. Gold tremissis, RIC X, -- (cf. RIC X, 2058-2074 for series, most similar to RIC X, 2069); Lacam FIN, Vol II, Pl. 23, 40 (same dies); Depeyrot 18/1 var., EF, weight 1.484 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna mint, c. 455 A.D.; obverse D N PLA VALENTINIANVS P AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse small cross within wreath, COMOB in exergue; ex NAC 27, 2004, lot 537; very rare variety; SOLD


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SH46449. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 260, Choice aEF, weight 4.375 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 430 - 440 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTIN-IANVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear over shoulder, shield in left decorated with horseman trampling fallen foe; reverse VOT XXX MVLT XXXX B, Constantinopolis enthroned left, wearing helmet, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left hand, shield resting at side of throne, star right; rare (RIC R2); SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNPLAVALENTINIANVSPFAVG
DNVALENTINIANVSPFAVG


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Valentinian III