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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Theodosius IIView Options:  |  |  |   

Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

Theodosius II, the only son of Emperor Arcadius and Aelia Eudoxia, was raised to the rank of Augustus at only nine months old. His mother died in 404 and his father in 408 leaving him sole emperor at six. His sister, Aelia Pulcheria, was given responsibility for his education, and the title of Augusta in 414. Most of his reign was long and peaceful, the most notable events being the completion of a new legal code, Codex Theodosianus, and the fortification of Constantinople, making it one of the most heavily defended locations in history. The last years of his reign were marred by repeated invasion of the Balkans by the Huns led by Attila. Theodosius died after a serious hunting accident in 450 A.D.


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SH50714. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 202, gem MS, weight 4.484 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, 9th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 408 - 419 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust holding spear and shield decorated with horseman; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG Θ (harmony between the two emperors, 9th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe, star left, CONOB in exergue; superb strike, excellent centering, reflective fields; scarce; SOLD


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RIC X 301 has five points, as does this specimen, however, the point after XVII is missing and an extra point appears after the final P. The only other attested example in RIC X with a misplaced point is in the footnotes on p.262 for an example of RIC X 295 with C.OS
SH53624. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 301 var, gVF, weight 4.476 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 441 - 450 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield decorated with a horseman riding down an enemy on his left arm; reverse IMP•XXXXII•COS XVII P•P••, Constantinopolis enthroned left, holding cross on globe and scepter, foot on a prow, left elbow resting on shield at her side, star left, COMOB in exergue; rare; SOLD


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The solidus weighed 1/72 of the Roman pound. "OB" was both an abbreviation for the word obryzum, which means refined or pure gold, and is the Greek numeral 72. Thus the exergue of this coin may be read "1/72 pound pure gold." -- "Byzantine Coinage" by Philip Grierson
SH62359. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 257, aEF, graffiti on obverse, weight 4.469 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 430 - 440 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield decorated with a horseman riding down enemy on his left arm; reverse VOT XXX MVLT XXXX Γ, Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left hand, foot on a prow, left elbow resting on shield, star right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD


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SH37576. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 202, Choice gVF, weight 4.463 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 408 - 419 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted, diademed and cuirassed facing bust holding spear and shield decorated with horseman; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG Z (harmony between the two emperors, 7th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, right foot on prow, holding scepter in right and Victory on globe in left hand, star in left field, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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This type was issued to commemorate the second joint consulship of Theodosius II (his eleventh) and Valentinian III (his second). A similar issue the year before commemorating their first joint consulship had Valentinian III standing, but now he is an Augustus, a co-emperor, enthroned beside Theodosius.
SH57452. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 239 (R, same reverse legend break); DOCLR 374 (same); Depeyrot p. 253, 79/1; Hahn MIRB 23; SRCV V 21144, VF, weight 4.425 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 426 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, spear in right hand over right shoulder and behind head, shield in his right hand ornamented with a horseman spearing a fallen enemy; reverse SALVS REI-PVBL-ICAE (the health of the Republic), Theodosius II (on left) and Valentinian III enthroned facing, each nimbate and wearing consular robes, each holds a cruciform scepter in their right hand and mappa in their left hand, star above, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.

David Sear identifies the mint as "comitatensian (court) mint at Constantinople or in Asia Minor."
SH65217. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 292 and pl. 12; MIRB 33ba; DOCLR 414 - 425; Tolstoi 23 -24; Ratto 153 - 155, aEF, well centered, weight 4.454 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 441 - 443 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with a horseman riding down an enemy; reverse IMP·XXXXII·COS·XXII·P·P·, Constantinopolis enthroned left, globus cruciger in right hand, scepter in left hand, left foot on a prow, left elbow resting on shield at her side, star left, COMOB in exergue; rare (R2); SOLD


Theodosius II and Valentinian III, 23 October 424 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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This type was issued to commemorate the second joint consulship of Theodosius II (his eleventh) and Valentinian III (his second). A similar issue the year before commemorating their first joint consulship had Valentinian III standing, but now he is an Augustus, a co-emperor, enthroned beside Theodosius.
SH15310. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 237 (S, same reverse legend break); DOCLR 375; Depeyrot p. 253, 79/1; Hahn MIRB 23; SRCV V 21144, Choice EF, weight 4.460 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 426 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, spear in right hand over right shoulder and behind head, shield in his right hand ornamented with a horseman spearing a fallen enemy; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE E (health of the Republic, 5th officina), Theodosius II (on left) and Valentinian III enthroned facing, each nimbate and wearing consular robes, each holds a cruciform scepter in their right hand and mappa in their left hand, star above, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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SH46934. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 202, NGC Choice AU, weight 4.460 g, maximum diameter 22 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 408 - 419 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust holding spear and shield decorated with horseman; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG E (harmony between the two emperors, 5th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe, star left, CONOB in exergue; NGC - Strike 5/5, Surface 3/5; scarce; SOLD


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SH52918. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 202, VF, weight 4.373 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 408 - 419 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed facing bust, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG Z (harmony between the two emperors, 7th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, holding scepter and Victory on globe, star left, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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SH54546. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 202, Depeyrot 73/2, SRCV V 21127, Hahn MIRB 12b, DOCLR 313 ff. var. (various officinae, 10th not in the collections), VF, weight 4.340 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 408 - 419 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield decorated with horseman in left; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG I (harmony between the two emperors, 10th officina), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, foot on prow, scepter in right, Victory on globe presenting wreath in left, star left, CONOB in exergue; excellent centering, slightly wavy flan, scuff on obverse, light scratches; scarce; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG

REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Monday, March 18, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius II