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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Theodosius IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Theodosius II, 10 January 402 - 28 July 450 A.D.

Theodosius II, the only son of Emperor Arcadius and Aelia Eudoxia, was raised to the rank of Augustus at only nine months old. His mother died in 404 and his father in 408 leaving him sole emperor at six. His sister, Aelia Pulcheria, was given responsibility for his education, and the title of Augusta in 414. Most of his reign was long and peaceful, the most notable events being the completion of a new legal code, Codex Theodosianus, and the fortification of Constantinople, making it one of the most heavily defended locations in history. The last years of his reign were marred by repeated invasion of the Balkans by the Huns led by Attila. Theodosius died after a serious hunting accident in 450 A.D.


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In June 403, the Visigoths, under command of King Alaric I, invaded Italy and advanced through the Brenner Pass. Stilicho, with an army of 30,000 men, defeated the Goths north of Verona. Alaric made a truce and withdrew east to Illyricum. Honorius and Stilicho were honored with a triumphal march for victories against the Goths and Vandals. This was the last triumph ever celebrated in Rome.
BB83888. Bronze centenionalis, SRCV V 21185 ff. (various mints), F, slightly irregular flan, edge crack, encrustations, weight 1.900 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield decorated with cross on left arm; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, scepter in right, Victory on globe in left hand, right foot on prow, mintmark in exergue; scarce; $40.00 (35.60)


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Examples with a star in the upper left field are rarer than the more common coins lacking the star, which are from the ealier 420 A.D. issue.
SH35027. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 225, Choice EF, weight 4.431 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 10th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 423 - 424 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, helmeted, pearl diademed and cuirassed bust facing, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman riding down enemy; reverse VOT XX MVLT XXX I, Victory standing left supporting a long jeweled cross, star in upper left field, CONOB in exergue; rare; SOLD


Theodosius II and Valentinian III, 23 October 424 - 28 July 450 A.D.

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This type was issued to commemorate the second joint consulship of Theodosius II (his eleventh) and Valentinian III (his second). A similar issue the year before commemorating their first joint consulship had Valentinian III standing, but now he is an Augustus, a co-emperor, enthroned beside Theodosius.
SH47202. Gold solidus, RIC X Theodosius II 237 (S, same reverse legend break); DOCLR 375; Depeyrot p. 253, 79/1; Hahn MIRB 23; SRCV V 21144, EF, reverse double struck, weight 4.440 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 426 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, spear in right hand over right shoulder and behind head, shield in his right hand ornamented with a horseman spearing a fallen enemy; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Theodosius II (on left) and Valentinian III enthroned facing, each nimbate and wearing consular robes, each holds a cruciform scepter in their right hand and mappa in their left hand, star above, CONOB in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 16, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius II