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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Constantine IIIView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantine III, 407-411 A.D.

Constantine III, a common soldier, seized power in Britain in 407 A.D. and later invaded Gaul and Spain. After much pillaging alongside the barbarian invaders of the Western Empire, Constantine was defeated and sent to execution in Italy by Constantius, general under emperor Honorius.


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SHA1348. Silver siliqua, RIC X 1526, aEF, weight 1.99 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 407 - 408 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, pear-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AAAVGGGG (victory of the three emperors), Roma seated left, Victory in right, spear in left, LD[ ] in exergue; ex John Aiello Collection; extremely rare (R4); SOLD


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The eldest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, after the death of his half-brother Crispus, Constantine II was born in Arles in February 316 and raised as a Christian. On 1 March 317, he was made Caesar. In 323, at the age of seven, he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians. At age ten, he became commander of Gaul, following the death of Crispus. An inscription dating to 330 records the title of Alamannicus, so it is probable that his generals won a victory over the Alamanni. His military career continued when Constantine I made him field commander during the 332 campaign against the Goths.
RL76942. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Lyons 148 (R5), Hunter V 28, SRCV V -, Choice gVF, nice older looking portrait of the six year old Caesar, excellent centering and strike, detailed celestial sphere, weight 3.279 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 321 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX in three lines, surmounted by celestial globe, three stars above, C left, R right, PLG in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNCONSTANTINVSPFAVG

REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. P. C. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Ranieri, E. La monetazione di Ravenna antica dal V all' VIII secolo: impero romano e bizantino, regno ostrogoto e langobardo. (Bologna, 2006).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, July 21, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Constantine III