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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Eudoxia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Eudoxia, Augusta 9 January 400 - early October 404 A.D.

Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. She and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.


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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL85245. Bronze centenionalis, Hunter V 4 (also 3rd officina), RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 20895, aEF, nice green patina, earthen deposits, edge cracks, weight 3.119 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL87997. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 84 (S), LRBC II 2926, DOCLR 294, SRCV V 20891, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, dark patina with red earthen highlighting, light scratches, weight 2.759 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 9 Jan 400 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDO-XIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross right, ALEA in exergue; ex Beast Coins; scarce; SOLD


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Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. Eudoxia and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria, who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.
RL87453. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 101 (S), LRBC II 2231, DOCLR 274, SRCV V 20892, Hunter V -, VF, green patina with red earthen highlighting, well centered obverse, crowded reverse slightly off center, scratches, small edge cracks, weight 2.133 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, CONSA in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Eudoxia was the strong-willed wife of emperor Arcadius. They were married on 27 April 395 A.D. She exercised considerable influence over government policy, much to the disgust of many high ranking Romans, notably in the Church. Eudoxia died in childbirth in early October 404 A.D. Eudoxia and Arcadius had five children, including Theodosius II and Pulcheria, who were made emperor and empress after Arcadius died in 408 A.D.
RL88056. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 101 (S), LRBC II 2231, DOCLR 274, SRCV V 20892, Hunter V -, VF, dark patina, well centered, tight flan, scratches, scattered porosity, light earthen deposits, weight 2.657 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right, hand of God above crowning her; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting cippus, CONSA in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia on both the obverse and reverse.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
BB57934. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 83 (S), LRBC II 2805, SRCV V 20890, Hunter V -, VF, weight 2.882 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the hand of God above, cross right, ANT[?] in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Diocletian made Nicomedia the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained the eastern capital of the Roman Empire until 330 when Constantine declared nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople. A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL59688. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 102 (R), LRBC II 2445, DOCLR 279, SRCV V 20893, Hunter V -, VF, weight 1.991 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, SMNA in exergue; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia on both the obverse and reverse.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL88057. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 83 (S), LRBC II 2805, SRCV V 20890, Hunter V -, DOCLR -, VF, glossy black patina, red earthen deposits, a few small pits, ragged edge, weight 2.688 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the hand of God above, cross right, ANTA in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RL88059. Bronze centenionalis, Hunter V 4 (also 3rd officina), RIC X Arcadius 104 (S), LRBC II 2800, DOCLR 288, SRCV V 20895, VF, well centered, nice green patina, red earthen deposits, edge chips, weight 2.241 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, diademed and draped bust right with hand of God holding wreath over her head; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right on cuirass, inscribing Christogram on shield resting on cippus, ANTΓ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaches down to crown the Empress Eudoxia on both the obverse and reverse.

The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL88058. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 83 (S), LRBC II 2805, SRCV V 20890, DOCLR -, Hunter V -, VF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, areas of porosity, uneven strike, small edge splits, weight 2.718 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the hand of God above, cross right, ANTA in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Diocletian made Nicomedia the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the Tetrarchy system. Nicomedia remained the eastern capital of the Roman Empire until 330 when Constantine declared nearby Byzantium (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of Nicomedia in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, Nicomedia retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople. A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL28693. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 80 (S), LRBC II 2450, SRCV V 2888, Hunter V -, F, weight 2.280 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 395 - 401 A.D.; obverse AEL EVDOXIA AVG, pearl-diademed and draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God above; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Empress enthroned facing, hands folded over breast, crowned by the Hand of God, cross right, SMNB in exergue; scarce; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

AELEVDOXIAAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Grierson, P. & M. Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection. (Washington D.C., 1992).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
Kent, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. X, The Divided Empire and the Fall of the Western Parts, AD 395 - 491. (London, 1994).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V, Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, October 17, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Eudoxia