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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Flavius Victor||View Options:  |  |  | 

Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.

Flavius Victor was the son of usurper Magnus Maximus. He may have been made Augustus as an infant. Although he appears as an adult, he was likely only four or five years old when his coins were struck. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and Flavius Victor as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 387, Maximus' reckless ambition led him to invade Italy. Victor was left behind in Trier. Maximus was defeated, surrendered and was executed by Theodosius I in 388. That fall, Theodosius' general Arbogast went to Trier and strangled young Flavius Victor.


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SH00343. Copper half centenionalis, RIC IX Arelate 29(b)1 (S), LRBC II 561, SRCV V 20674, Cohen VIII 3, gVF, weight 1.00 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N LF (letters reversed, normally FL) VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, PCON (Constantia) in exergue; rare; SOLD


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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
SH90597. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Milan 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, VF, clipped, weight 0.919 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left, MDPS in exergue; rare; SOLD


Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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Flavius Victor was the son of usurper Magnus Maximus. He may have been made Augustus as an infant. Although he appears as an adult, he was likely only four or five years old when his coins were struck. After his father's death, he was executed by the barbarian general Arbogastes.
SH91788. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 55(b)2 (S), Paolucci-Zub 804 (R), LRBC II 1104, SRCV V 20675, Cohen VIII 3, VF, green patina, cleaning scratches, weight 1.048 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, SMAQS in exergue; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RL84418. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Milan 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, VF, toned, clipped, weight 0.791 g, maximum diameter 11.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, globe in right hand, reversed spear in left, MDPS in exergue; rare; SOLD


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Traditionally called a camp gate, this reverse type may actually depict a city gate.
RL58881. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Arelate 29(b)3 (S), LRBC II 561, SRCV V 20674, Cohen VIII 3, VF, porous, weight 1.004 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, TCON (Constantia) in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Although the two concepts are related, virtus, for the Roman, did not necessarily emphasize the behavior that the associations of the present-day English term 'virtue' suggest. Virtus was to be found in the context of 'outstanding deeds' (egregia facinora), and brave deeds were the accomplishments which brought gloria ('a reputation'). This gloria was attached to two ideas: fama ('what people think of you') and dignitas ('one's standing in the community'). The struggle for virtus in Rome was above all a struggle for public office (honos), since it was through aspiring to high office, to which one was elected by the People, that a man could best show his manliness by means of military achievement which would in turn cultivate a reputation and votes. It was the duty of every aristocrat and would-be aristocrat to maintain the dignitas which his family had already achieved and to extend it to the greatest possible degree, through higher political office and military victories. This system resulted in a strong built-in impetus in Roman society to engage in military expansion and conquest at all times.
SH27865. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Mediolanum 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, Choice EF, beautiful cabinet toning, weight 1.174 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 387 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and reversed spear, MDPS in exergue; ex NAC; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Although the two concepts are related, virtus, for the Roman, did not necessarily emphasize the behavior that the associations of the present-day English term 'virtue' suggest. Virtus was to be found in the context of 'outstanding deeds' (egregia facinora), and brave deeds were the accomplishments which brought gloria ('a reputation'). This gloria was attached to two ideas: fama ('what people think of you') and dignitas ('one's standing in the community'). The struggle for virtus in Rome was above all a struggle for public office (honos), since it was through aspiring to high office, to which one was elected by the People, that a man could best show his manliness by means of military achievement which would in turn cultivate a reputation and votes. It was the duty of every aristocrat and would-be aristocrat to maintain the dignitas which his family had already achieved and to extend it to the greatest possible degree, through higher political office and military victories. This system resulted in a strong built-in impetus in Roman society to engage in military expansion and conquest at all times.
SH34984. Silver siliqua, RIC IX Mediolanum 19b (S), RSC V 6Ac, Cohen VIII 6 (15 Fr.), Hunter V 4, SRCV V 20670, Choice EF, well centered and struck, nice light toning, weight 1.766 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, 387 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, holding globe and reversed spear, MDPS in exergue; rare; SOLD


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SH14075. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 55(b)2 (S), Paolucci-Zub 804 (R), LRBC II 1104, SRCV V 20675, Cohen VIII 3, VF, tight flan, weight 1.488 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, c. 387 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, camp gate with star between two turrets, SMAQS in exergue; rare; SOLD


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In the spring of 387, Theodosius I increased the taxes in Antioch. The peasants rioted and set fire to public buildings. Theodosius sent imperial troops to quell the disturbance and closed the public baths and theaters.
SH58660. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Aquileia 55(b)1 (S), Paolucci-Zub 804 (R), LRBC II 1104, SRCV V 20675, Cohen VIII 3, F/gVF, weight 1.445 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, obverse D N FL VICTOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM (Hope of the Romans), campgate with star between two turrets, SMAQP in exergue; scarce; SOLD








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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNFLICTORPFAVG (BLUNDERED)
DNFLVICTORPFAVG
DNLFVICTORPFAVG (BLUNDERED)


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 18, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Flavius Victor