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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Magnus MaximusView Options:  |  |  | 

Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

In July 383, the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor. He immediately invaded Gaul, and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I in Thessalonica. Theodosius marched west commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed. That fall, Theodosius' general Arbogast went to Trier and strangled young Flavius Victor. Valentinian II was restored as the Western Roman Emperor.


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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the restoration of the Republic. The turreted woman symbolizes the cities and the state of Rome, grateful to the Emperor who lifts her up while he holds the world in his hand and is crowned by Victory.
RL86247. Bronze maiorina, Hunter V 15, RIC IX Arelate 26(a)2, LRBC II 553, SRCV V 20650, Cohen VIII 3, F/aF, corrosion, weight 5.449 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 28 Aug 383 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO REIPVB, emperor standing facing, head left, raising turreted woman with right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, Victory crowning him with wreath and holding palm frond, SCON (Constantia) in exergue; $30.00 (25.50)


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After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, Theodosius marched west and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed.
RL35000. Silver siliqua, Hunter V 6, RIC IX Trier 84b(1), RSC V 20a, SRCV V 20644, Cohen VIII 20 (10 fr.), Choice EF, weight 1.971 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 384 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Roma seated facing on throne, head left, left leg bare, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, TRPS in exergue; SOLD


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In 386 A.D., Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who took refuge with Theodosius I. In 388, he was defeated by Theodosius I at the Battle of the Save, surrendered, and was executed. Valentinian II was restored as Western Roman Emperor.
SH21692. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Rome 59.3 (R), LRBC II 795, SRCV V 20658, Cohen VIII 7, Hunter V -, VF, weight 1.111 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, summer 387 - Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, campgate with star between two turrets, RT in exergue; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, November 18, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Magnus Maximus