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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Aelia FlaccillaView Options:  |  |  | 

Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

Aelia Flavia Flaccilla was the wife of Theodosius I, who reigned 379 - 395 A.D., and mother of the emperors Arcadius and Honorius. She was known for her piety and generosity to the poor. St. Ambrose describes her as "a soul true to God." Theodoret, in particular, exalts her humility, charity, and benevolence (Church History V.19, ed. Valesius, III, 192 sq.). He tells us how she personally tended the disabled. Aelia was honored by future empresses who took her first name as a title. She is commemorated as a saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church; her feast day is 14 September.


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Aelia Flaccilla died of natural causes early in 386. Her death is mentioned by (among others) Claudian, Zosimus, Philostorgius and Joannes Zonaras. According to the Chronicon Paschale, the palatium Flaccillianum of Constantinople was named in her honor. A statue of her was placed within the Byzantine Senate.
RL88061. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 64 (R), LRBC II 2744, SRCV V 20628, Cohen VIII 5, Hunter V -, VF, nice dark green patina, red earthen highlighting, reverse die wear, ragged edge, weight 0.910 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 135o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANE in exergue; rare; $90.00 (76.50)


Aelia Flaccilla, Augusta 19 January 379 - 386 A.D., Wife of Theodosius I

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Aelia Flaccilla died of natural causes early in 386. Her death is mentioned by (among others) Claudian, Zosimus, Philostorgius and Joannes Zonaras. According to the Chronicon Paschale, the palatium Flaccillianum of Constantinople was named in her honor. A statue of her was placed within the Byzantine Senate.
RL87999. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Antioch 64 (R), LRBC II 2744, SRCV V 20628, Cohen VIII 5, Hunter V -, F, dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, well centered on a tight flan, small edge split, weight 0.816 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 386 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on cippus, ANE in exergue; ex Beast Coins; rare; $55.00 (46.75)


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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
SH62376. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Heraclea 13.2 (S), LRBC II 1956, SRCV V 20609, Cohen VIII 4, gVF, weight 5.849 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 25 Aug 383 - 384 A.D.; obverse AEL FLACCILLA AVG, diademed draped bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory seated right, inscribing Christogram on shield set on column, SMHB in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

AEL FLACCILLA AVG

REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Pearce, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, January 19, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Aelia Flacilla