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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ ValensView Options:  |  |  | 

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.


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RS71797. Silver siliqua, cf. SRCV V 1675, aVF, clipped, grainy, flan crack, weight 0.973 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri(?) mint, c. 368 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA, Roma seated left on throne, Victory on globe in right hand, reversed spear in left, mintmark (TRPS?) in exergue; scarce; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50


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On 21 July 365, an earthquake and tsunami devastated Crete and Alexandria and affected Italy, Greece, and Palestine.

RIC Alexandria 3(b) and 5(b) are identical except for time period, which is impossible to distinguish.

RL67623. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Alexandria 3(b) or 5(b), VF, nice green patina, weight 2.635 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Mar 364 - 17 Nov 375; obverse D N VALEN-S P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, ALEΓ; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50


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On 28 March 364, Valens, brother of Valentinian I, was appointed co-emperor (Augustus) in the palace of Hebdomon (Turkey). He soon began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
RL70767. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, Choice VF, weight 2.293 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 225o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00


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In 364 A.D., Valens began the first anti-pagan persecutions.
BB70765. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Siscia 5(b)ii, VF, weight 2.323 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, Valens advancing left, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in left, dragging captive with right, •BSISC in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $35.00 SALE PRICE $31.50


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They look similar, but there is a significant physical difference between angels and Victory. Angels are all male. Victory (Nike) is female. On Byzantine coinage, the male angel replaced the female Victory after the reunion with Rome was concluded on 28 March 519 A.D.
RL74647. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Nicomedia 12(c), VF, ragged flan, closed crack, encrustations, weight 2.401 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, wreath in right, palm frond in left, SMNB in exergue; scarce; $24.00 (€20.88)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, July 29, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Valens