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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Valentinian I||View Options:  |  |  |   

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

Upon becoming emperor Valentinian I made his brother Valens his co-emperor, giving him rule of the eastern provinces while Valentinian retained the west. During his reign, Valentinian successfully fought the Alamanni, Quadi, and Sarmatians. Most notable was his victory over the Alamanni in 367 at the Battle of Solicinium. His brilliant general Count Theodosius defeated a revolt in Africa, and the Great Conspiracy, a coordinated assault on Roman Britain by Picts, Scots, and Saxons. Valentinian was the last emperor to conduct campaigns across both the Rhine and Danube rivers. He rebuilt and improved the fortifications along the frontiers, even building fortresses in enemy territory. He founded the Valentinian Dynasty, with his sons Gratian and Valentinian II succeeding him in the western half of the empire. Due to the successful nature of his reign and almost immediate decline of the empire after his death, he is often considered the "last great western emperor."

|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
SH52919. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(a)ii.2, Depeyrot 30/1, SRCV V 19270, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V 48 var. (10th officina), aVF, scrape, weight 4.286 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right, Victory on globe in left hand, ANTS in exergue; scarce; SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH11117. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(a), gF, weight 3.464 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe, ANT [.. ] in exergue; clipped, scratches on reverse; SOLD


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
The ruins of Antioch on the Orontes lie near the modern city of Antakya, Turkey. Founded near the end of the 4th century B.C. by Seleucus I Nicator, one of Alexander the Great's generals, Antioch's geographic, military and economic location, particularly the spice trade, the Silk Road, the Persian Royal Road, benefited its occupants, and eventually it rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and as the main center of Hellenistic Judaism at the end of the Second Temple period. Antioch is called "the cradle of Christianity," for the pivotal early role it played in the emergence of the faith. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Its residents are known as Antiochenes. Once a great metropolis of half a million people, it declined to insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes and a change in trade routes following the Mongol conquests, which then no longer passed through Antioch from the far east.6th Century Antioch
SH86347. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(a)ii.4, Depeyrot 30/1, SRCV V 19270, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V 48 var. (10th officina), aVF/gF, well centered, graffiti, scratches, bumps, small punches, weight 4.257 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right, Victory on globe in left hand, ANTH in exergue; ex H.D. Rauch, auction 101 (18 April 2016), part of lot 1856; scarce; SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was under his brother, Honorius.
SH11114. Gold solidus, RIC IX Nicomedia 2(a), F, clipped, punch and graffiti, weight 3.345 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe, SMNE in exergue; rare (R2); SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH11124. Gold solidus, RIC IX Constantinopolis 5(a), VF, holed and filed, weight 4.218 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS ROMANORVM (courage of the Romans), Valentinian and Valens stand facing, heads towards each other, each holds a spear in outer hand and together a Victory on globe who crowns them, CONS between branches in exergue; rare (RIC R2); SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH11118. Gold solidus, RIC IX Antioch 2(a), gF, weight 3.621 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding labarum and Victory on globe, ANT∆ in exergue; clipped, graffiti on both sides; SOLD


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |double| |maiorina|
References examined list only the first officina (TESA) striking this extremely rare type at Thessalonica. We know of examples from each of the first four officianae (A, B, Γ, ∆). There are only four examples of this type from Thessalonica on Coin Archives and only one of the four was struck by the second officina.
RL85726. Billon double maiorina, RIC IX Thessalonica 15 (R4) var. (officina), LRBC II 1701 var. (same), SRCV V 19398 var. (same), Cohen VIII 20 var. (mint), Hunter V -, gVF, well centered and struck, sharp detail, light corrosion, weight 8.389 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, labarum in right, Victory on globe offering wreath in left, TESB in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |solidus|
SH08855. Gold solidus, RIC IX Cyzicus 2(b)2, F, weight 4.29 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse RESTITVTOR REIPVLICAE, emperor standing facing head right in military garb, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in right, Victory holding wreath and palm on globe in left hand, *SMKΓ in exergue; graffiti in reverse fields; very rare (R3); SOLD


Thracian or Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Late 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Thracian| |or| |Germanic| |Tribes,| |Pseudo-Imperial| |Coinage,| |Late| |4th| |-| |Early| |5th| |Century| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire in Thrace. It is an interesting mule copying an obverse type and reverse type struck approximately 30 years apart. The obverse is of Constantius II, as caesar, 332 - 337 A.D. The reverse type was struck under Valentinian I, 364 - 367 A.D. Constantius II had been dead for at least 25 years when this mule was struck.
RL52369. Billon centenionalis, possibly unique - the only example known to Forum, VF, style very close to the official, edge flaws, weight 2.629 g, die axis 180o, tribal mint, as caesar; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate draped and cuirassed bust of Constantius I right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, uncertain mint mark in exergue (reverse type of Valentinian I); SOLD


|Valentinian| |I|, |Valentinian| |I,| |25| |February| |364| |-| |17| |November| |375| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Valentinian I was proclaimed emperor shortly after the death of Jovian in 364 A.D. He settled in Paris, established a militia to defend the region and ruled the Western Roman Empire from Caledonia (Scotland) to the Rhine frontier. Valentinian spent most of his reign along the Rhine frontier, combating barbarian invasions ensuring the Empire a few years of relative security. His brother, Valens, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from the Danube to the Persian border. his reign combating barbarian invasions along the Rhine frontier ensuring the Empire a few years of relative security. His brother, Valens, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire from the Danube to the Persian border.
RL04538. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Siscia 15(a)xxvii, LRBC II 1370, SRCV V 19511, Cohen VIII 37, about uncirculated, weight 2.79 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left holding wreath in right and palm frond in left, * over K left, Q right, ΓSISCV in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNVALENTINIANVSPFAV
DNVALENTINIANVSPFAVG
VALENTINIANVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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