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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ Constantius GallusView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


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The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" To a Roman, spearing a barbarian was happy time!
RB71440. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Alexandria 74, LRBC II 2838, Voetter 1, SRCV V 18997, Cohen VIII 17, aEF, some silvering, tight flan, weight 5.005 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Sep 351 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing bare-headed bearded fallen horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, Γ upper left, ALEA in exergue; $100.00 (88.00)


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On 15 March 351 Constantius elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL74563. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 97, LRBC II 2487, SRCV V 18990, Cohen VII 11, VF, well centered on a tight flan, porous, weight 4.975 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - 352 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, horseman beardless and wearing a pointed cap, turned facing soldier and raising right hand, Γ upper left, SMKS in exergue; $90.00 (79.20)


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The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" To a Roman, spearing a barbarian was happy time!
BB75595. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Thessalonica 190, LRBC II 1682, SRCV V 19016, Cohen VII 18, F, tight flan, porous, weight 2.110 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 353 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTI-VS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, E left, SMTS in exergue; $24.00 (21.12)


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On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
SH35068. Billon maiorina, Failmezger 461b2; RIC VIII -, SRCV V -, Uncirculated, weight 6.095 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, shield on ground at feet, III upper left, ASIRM in exergue; ex Glenn Woods; extremely rare; SOLD


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The Christogram, a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek, was an early symbol for Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
RLA1156. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 303, LRBC II 1189, SRCV V 18954, Cohen VIII 2, Choice EF, weight 5.40 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM, Constantius Gallus standing left, holding labarum (chi-rho standard) in each hand, III left, ASIS crescent in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSFORTCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCS
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Voetter, O. Die Miinzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 10, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus