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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>ConstantiusGallus

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


Click for a larger photo The reverse legend roughly translates, "Happy days are here again!"
BB62193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, VF, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ∆SIS in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Click for a larger photo The only known unexcavated Roman Hippodrome in the world is in Sirmium. A colossal building about 150 meters wide and 450 meters long lies directly under the Sremska Mitrovica town center, beside the old Emperor's Palace. In early 1970s American archeologists sponsored by the U.S. Government made an offer to the citizens of Sremska Mitrovica to completely rebuild the town on another location so Sirmium could be excavated. The request was refused and there are still no plans to excavate the arena, which would require the removal of the entire present town center.
BB58122. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 51, gF, weight 2.203 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, Ev in left field, [...]SIRM in ex; $22.00 (€16.50)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB68325. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 122, LRBC 2044, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - 6 Nov 355; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€14.25)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB52659. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII 34, LRBC 1593, F, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, Sept 351 - 6 Nov 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, ASIRM in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)

Click for a larger photo On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium (Pannonia). He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
BB52801. Bronze AE 3, SRCV 4056, F, green patina, weight 2.333 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman; $17.00 (€12.75)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB52662. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, LRBC 1115, F, weight 2.152 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; $16.00 (€12.00)

Click for a larger photo On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.
BB53070. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 351, VF, weight 2.303 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, horseman wears a pointed cap and falls on the horse's neck, [...]SIS in ex; $16.00 (€12.00)

Click for a larger photo The A in this series more closely resembles an H.
RL52232. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 347, LRBC 1217, aVF, weight 3.272 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP RE-PARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman, I left, [ ] SIS•S• in ex; $14.00 (€10.50)

Click for a larger photo  
BB62751. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 49, F, weight 1.908 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 351 - 355 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, [B?]SIRM in ex; $14.00 (€10.50)

Click for a larger photo The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"
BB52964. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII 91, F, weight 2.522 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 351 - 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, SMH∆ in ex; $12.00 (€9.00)


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Obverse legends:

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES



Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 16, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus