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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>ConstantiusGallus

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL70746. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, EF, well centered, sharp detail, weight 2.552 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 (€33.75)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70745. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, Choice VF, dark sea green patina, weight 2.187 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ASIS in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $38.00 (€28.50)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70743. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC 2044, VF, green patina, weight 2.292 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, • left center, CONSIA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (€22.50)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70742. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Cyzicus 106, VF, weight 2.594 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, SMKA in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $27.00 (€20.25)

Click for a larger photo In 351, in India, a new process was invented for the extraction of sugar from sugarcane.
BB62193. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 351, LRBC 1115, VF, weight 2.319 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, ∆SIS in ex; $23.00 (€17.25)

Click for a larger photo The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard.
RL69375. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Aquileia 189, LRBC 921, Voetter -, aF, weight 3.918 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, Sep 352 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, LXXII (mark of value) in upper left field, AQS• in ex; scarce; $20.00 (€15.00)

Click for a larger photo On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB68325. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC 2044, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Mar 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€14.25)

Click for a larger photo In 351, Constantius Gallus built a new church in honor of Saint Babylas at Daphne, a suburb of Antioch, and transfered the remains of the bishop to it to neutralize the pagan effects of the nearby temple of Apollo. In 362, Julian consulted the oracle of Apollo at the temple in Daphne, but received no answer, and was told that it was because of the proximity of the saint. He had the sarcophagus of the martyr exhumed and removed. A few days later, on October 22, a mysterious fire broke out consuming the roof of the temple and the statue of the god, copied from Phidias' statue of Zeus at Olympia. Julian, suspecting angry Christians, closed the cathedral of Antioch and ordered an investigation. Ammianus Marcellinus reports "a frivolous rumor" laid blame on candles lit by a worshipper late the previous night (XXII, 13). John Chrysostom claimed a bolt of lightning set the temple on fire. The remains of Babylas were reinterred in a church dedicated to him on the other side of the River Orontes.
BB52659. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Sirmium 34, LRBC 1593, F, weight 4.313 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 28 Sep 351 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, ∆ behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, ASIRM in ex; $18.00 (€13.50)


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Obverse legends:

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES



Catalog current as of Friday, October 31, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus