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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ Constantius GallusView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


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The reverse legend can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!" To a Roman, spearing a barbarian was happy time!
RB71440. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Alexandria 74, LRBC II 2838, SRCV V 18997, Voetter 1, Cohen VII 17, aEF, some silvering, tight flan, weight 5.005 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, 28 Sep 351 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing bare-headed bearded fallen horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, Γ upper left, ALEA in exergue; $100.00 (87.00)


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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB70743. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 122, LRBC II 2044, Voetter 5, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VII 12, VF, green patina, weight 2.292 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 11th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, left center, CONSIA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce; $30.00 (26.10)


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Sirmium (modern Sremska, Serbia) was originally inhabited by Illyrians and Celts. Conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C., it became the capital of the Roman province of Lower Pannonia. Under Diocletian's Tetrarchy, Sirmium was made one of the four capitals of the Empire. From 318 to 379, which includes the time when this coin was struck, Sirmium was the capital of the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.
BB68325. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 120 (S), LRBC II 2040, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VII 12, Voetter -, F, weight 1.999 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, drapes and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, spearing fallen bare-headed horseman who extends arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, CONSE in exergue; scarce; $25.00 (21.75)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSFORTCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCS
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Voetter, O. Die Miinzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, September 02, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus