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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ Constantius GallusView Options:  |  |  | 

Constantius Gallus, Caesar 28 September 351 - winter 354 A.D.

Constantius Gallus was a cousin of Constantius II and was made Caesar in 351 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces while Constantius II was in the West. His rule was so harsh and cruel that Constantius recalled him to Milan, and then had him arrested and executed before he reached Italy.


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On 15 March 351 Constantius II elevated his 25-year-old cousin Constantius Gallus to Caesar at Sirmium in Pannonia. He arranged a marriage with his sister Constantia and put him in charge of the Eastern Roman Empire. Constantius II marched West with a large army (60,000 men) to fight against Magnus Magnentius.
RL84357. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Aquileia 200 (S), LRBC II 931, Voetter 4, SRCV V 19013, Cohen VIII 14, VF, nice dark green patina, well centered, flan crack, light marks and corrosion, weight 2.528 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, Sept 352 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, horseman extends arm toward soldier, shield at feet, AQS exergue; $50.00 (44.50)


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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
RL83823. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Constantinople 124, LRBC II 2047, SRCV V 19018, Cohen VIII 12, Voetter -, VF, well centered, green patina with coppery high points, edge split, weight 2.459 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 353 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing left, wearing helmet, military garb and shield on left arm, with right hand spearing fallen bare-headed horseman, horseman lying over his fallen horse and extending arm toward soldier, shield on ground at feet, X left, CONSB in exergue; scarce; $40.00 (35.60)


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On 7 May 351, after Constantius Gallus arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB83763. Billon reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Heraclea 91, LRBC II 1901, SRCV V 19017, Cohen VIII 16, Hunter V -, F, green patina, tight flan, weight 2.310 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 353 - 6 Nov 355; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS NOB C, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier standing left, shield on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, shield on the ground right, horseman is turned toward the soldier and extends his left arm, SMHE in exergue; $30.00 (26.70)


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Constantius II, unlike his father, allowed Christians to persecute pagans and Jews. Christian clergy inspired angry crowds, which attacked and destroyed synagogues and temples. On 7 May 351, a Jewish revolt broke out in Palestine. The rebels destroyed the Roman garrison in a surprise night attack and acquired the garrison's weapons. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias and killed the people of different ethnicities, including Greeks and Samaritans. In 352, Constantius Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. Diocesarea, the epicenter of the revolt, was razed to the ground. Ursicinus ordered the execution of thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.
BB79486. Bronze reduced maiorina, RIC VIII Cyzicus 106 (S), SRCV V 19020, Cohen VIII 12, LRBC II -, Voetter -, F, nice green patina, edge cracks, light marks, weight 1.580 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 28 Sep 351 - winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, E behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), helmeted soldier with shield on his left arm advancing left, spearing a fallen horseman wearing a pointed cap, SMKΓ in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (12.46)







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CONSTANTIVSCAE
CONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSFORTCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSIVNNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBC
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
DNCONSTANTIVSNOBCS
DNFLCLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Friday, March 24, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Constantius Gallus