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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Constantinian Era ▸ DecentiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, made his brother Decentius caesar, to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After Magnentius was defeated at the Battle of Mons Seleucus by Constantius II and committed suicide, Decentius, who was leading reinforcements, hanged himself at Senonae.


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Bastien recorded only a single specimen, RIC VIII notes another in the British Museum. We know of a few more examples.
RL79993. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 313 (R), Bastien MM 65 (1 spec.), LRBC II 59, SRCV V 18886, Cohen VIII 37, Hunter V 7, gVF, nice portrait, dark green patina with reddish earthen highlighting, tight flan, light marks, weight 3.828 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, Jan 351 - Aug 352 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS FORT CAES, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from front, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, holding between them a wreath inscribed VOT X MVLT X in four lines within, TRP in exergue; ex-Sayles & Lavender (2010); very rare; $125.00 (106.25)


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Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, made his brother Decentius caesar, to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After Magnentius was defeated at the Battle of Mons Seleucus by Constantius II and committed suicide, Decentius, who was leading reinforcements, hanged himself at Senonae.
SH32741. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 146, LRBC II 232, Bastien MM 195, SRCV V 1882, Cohen VIII 33, EF, a few small areas not fully struck but overall a fantastic coin, weight 4.316 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, Jul/Aug 350 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAES, bare-headed and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, holding between them a shield inscribed VOT X MVLT X, SP below, RSLG in exergue; SOLD


Decentius, Caesar, July or August 350 - 18 August 353 A.D.

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"I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (Ω) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the "A and Z." Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek.
SH64548. Bronze reduced double maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 157 (S), Bastien MM 209, LRBC II 243, SRCV V 18861, Cohen VIII 12, VF, weight 7.383 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 350 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAES, cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Chi-Rho Christogram, A - W at sides, PSLG in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DECENTIVSFORCAES
DNDECENTIVSCAESAR
DNDECENTIVSFORTCAES
DNDECENTIVSNOBCAES
MAGDECENTIVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Mnzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Thursday, December 14, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Decentius