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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Magnentius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

Magnentius, commander of Constans' imperial guard, rebelled in 350 A.D. He quickly attracted the loyalty of Britannia, Gaul, and Hispania, in part because he was more tolerant towards Pagans. Control of Italia and Africa was secured through election of his men to important offices. He made his brother Decentius caesar. Constantius II, thousands of miles away fighting the Parthians in Syria, signed a hasty peace treaty ceding vast sections of territory, and marched his armies west. Magnentius advanced his armies to meet those of Constantius in the Battle of Mursa Major in 351. Magnentius led his troops into battle, while Constantius spent the day praying in a nearby church. Despite Magnentius' heroism, his troops were defeated. After a retreat into Gaul and another defeat, Magnentius committed suicide in 353.

|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||solidus|
 
SH08307. Gold solidus, RIC VIII Trier 253, SRCV V 18736, Cohen VIII 46, aEF, slight waves in flan, weight 4.30 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 350 - 351 A.D.; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR (victory of the Emperor, liberator of the Romans), Victory on left, standing right, palm over shoulder in left hand; Libertas on right, standing left, scepter in left hand, together with their right hands they support a trophy of arms in center; TR in exergue; very rare (R2); SOLD


|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||heavy| |maiorina|
On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of Magnentius, defeated and killed Nepotian. Nepotian's head was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.
SH67105. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Lyons 116 (S), LRBC II 215, SRCV V 18799, Cohen VIII 20, FDC, weight 4.909 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, 18 Jan 350 - spring 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius riding right, spearing enemy, shield and broken spear on the ground, RPLG• in exergue; SOLD


|Magnentius|, |Magnentius,| |18| |January| |350| |-| |10| |August| |353| |A.D.||reduced| |double| |maiorina|
"I am the alpha and the omega" is an appellation of Jesus in the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13). Alpha (A) and omega (Ω) are respectively the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. This would be similar to referring to someone in English as the "A and Z." Thus, twice when the title appears it is further clarified with the additional title "the beginning and the end" (Revelation 21:6, 22:13). The first and last letters of the Greek alphabet were used because the Book of Revelation was originally written in Greek.
SH34852. Bronze reduced double maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 320 (without pellet in ex) or 323 (with pellet in ex.), VF, weight 6.842 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 352 - 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (the salvation of our noble emperor and caesar), large Christogram flanked by A ω, TRP(pellet?) in exergue; SOLD







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNMAGMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
DNMAGNENTIOPERPETVOAVG
DNMAGNENTIVSAVG
DNMAGNENTIVSPFAG
DNMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
FLMAGNENTIVSPFAVG
IMCAEMAGNENTIVSAVG
IMPCAEMAGNENTIVSAVG
IMPCAESMAGNENTIVSAVG
MAGMAGNENTIVSAVG
MAGNENTIVSAVG


REFERENCES|

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de Magnence (350-353). (Wetteren, 1983).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage, Part II: Bronze Roman Imperial Coinage of the Later Empire, A.D. 346-498. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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