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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>Constans PAGE 1/212»»»

Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

Constans was the youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta. Born around 320, Constans inherited part of the Western Empire upon its division among the sons of Constantine. In 340, his brother, Constantine II, invaded his territory but was defeated and killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, the general Magnentius rebelled and Constans fled as his legions switched sides. He was overtaken and killed while trying to escape to Spain.


Click for a larger photo The Roman poet Ovid tells the story of the Phoenix: 'Most beings spring from other individuals; but there is a certain kind which reproduces itself. The Assyrians call it the Phoenix. It does not live on fruit or flowers, but on frankincense and odoriferous gums. When it has lived five hundred years, it builds itself a nest in the branches of an oak, or on the top of a palm tree. In this it collects cinnamon and spikenard, and myrrh, and of these materials builds a pile on which it deposits itself, and dying, breathes out its last breath amidst odors. From the body of the parent bird, a young Phoenix issues forth, destined to live as long a life as its predecessor. When this has grown up and gained sufficient strength, it lifts its nest from the tree (its own cradle and its parent's sepulcher), and carries it to the city of Heliopolis in Egypt, and deposits it in the temple of the Sun.'BB71446. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Cyzicus 88, LRBC 2482, Voetter -, Choice VF, weight 3.113 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 225o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, radiate Phoenix standing right on celestial globe, star right, SMKΓ in exergue; very rare; $150.00 (€130.50)


Click for a larger photo The reverse legend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.RL71445. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 244, LRBC1136, Voetter 31, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, Victory steering at stern, BSIS followed by control-mark in ex; $125.00 (€108.75)


Click for a larger photo The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.RL68274. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 92, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 3.440 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier advancing right, head turned back, leading small barbarian from hut beneath tree with right hand, spear in left with point between legs, Γ above, CONSE* in ex; $95.00 (€82.65)


Click for a larger photo The RIC lists this type as common but this is only the third coin of Constans with this reverse type handled by Forum.RL68789. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Rome 11, LRBC 588, VF, attractive green patina, weight 1.331 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 9 Sep 337 - spring 340 A.D.; obverse D N FL CONS-TANS AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRI-TAS REIP, Securitas standing right holding scepter in right and leaning left elbow on column, R clover leaf Q in ex; rare; $85.00 (€73.95)


Click for a larger photo RIC lists this type as scarce, however, we believe it is rare.RL56550. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Rome 13, LRBC 588, aVF, weight 1.577 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N FL CONSTANS AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRI-TAS REIP, Securitas standing facing, head right, long scepter in right, leaning with left elbow on column, R leaf T in ex; rare; $70.00 (€60.90)


Click for a larger photo This type, with the emperor holding a Victory on Globe, is only listed as an AE 3 (17-19 mm diameter).RL57035. Bronze AE 2, Unpublished(?); cf. RIC VIII Thessalonica 122, LRBC 1649 (AE 3), VF, a little rough, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left on galley, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rho Christogram standard) in left, Victory seated in stern steering ship, A in left field, TSA in ex; $70.00 (€60.90)


Click for a larger photo Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.RL64020. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII Thessalonica 116, VF, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing horseman who has fallen to his hands and knees and is wearing a pointed (Parthian) cap, TSΓ* in ex; $70.00 (€60.90)


Click for a larger photo RIC VIII describes this type as pearl-diademed. This is the first example we have handled that is rosette-diademd.RL90135. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 85 var (pearl diademed vice rosette), VF, nice green patina, weight 3.543 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 315o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REP-ARATIO, Constans walking right, looking back left, leading barbarian from hut under tree, holding spear, star above, SMKΓ in ex; ex Nemesis Ancients & Antiquities; $40.00 (€34.80)


Click for a larger photo Unusual FL CONSTANTIS BEA C obverse legend.BB70658. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Siscia 238, VF, weight 1.614 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 45o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 335 - 336 A.D.; obverse FL CONSTANTIS BEA C, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, •ASIS• in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce (RIC R4); $35.00 (€30.45)


Click for a larger photo Around 350, Pope Julius I declared that Christ's birth would be celebrated on December 25. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6. Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380. The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, probably in 388, and in Alexandria only in the following century.RL71497. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIII Siscia 244, VF, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 2.592 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, at stern Victory steering, ∆SIS and control-mark in ex; $34.00 (€29.58)




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Obverse legends:

CONSTANSAVG
CONSTANSAVGVSTVS
CONSTANSCAESAR
CONSTANSPFAVG
DNCONSTANSPFAVG
FLCONSTANSNOBCAES
FLCONSTANTISBEAC
FLIVLCONSTANSAVG
FLIVLCONSTANSNOBC
FLIVLCONSTANSNOBCAES
FLIVLCONSTANSPERPAVG
FLIVLCONSTANSPFAVG
FLIVLCONSTANSPIVSFELIXAVG



Catalog current as of Saturday, April 18, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Constans