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Constans was the youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta. Born around 320, Constans inherited part of the Western Empire upon its division among the sons of Constantine. In 340, his brother, Constantine II, invaded his territory but was defeated and killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, the general Magnentius rebelled and Constans fled as his legions switched sides. He was overtaken and killed while trying to escape to Spain.
The reverselegend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.RL71445. Billon AE 3, RIC VIIISiscia 244, LRBC1136, Voetter 31, Choice EF, weight 1.982 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, Victory steering at stern, BSIS followed by control-mark in ex; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00
Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.
In 282, Probus traveled towards Sirmium (Serbia). He tried to employ his troops in peaceful projects, such as draining the swamps in Pannonia. His troops, unhappy about this labor, murdered him. Marcus AureliusCarus, an Illyrian and Probus' praetorian prefect, was proclaimed the new emperor.RB73891. Billonantoninianus, RIC V 111 (R); Cohen VI 23; La Venèra 4001; Venèra Hoard IV 4339 - 4352; Hunter IV 12; Pink VI-2, pp. 46 & 48, series 5.2 & 6; SRCV III 12403, aVF, well centered, green patina, light encrustation and corrosion, weight 3.706 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia mint, c. 284 A.D.; obverseDIVO CARO PARTHICO, radiate and cuirassedbust right; reverseCONSECRATIO AVG, funeral altar, nearly square, four panels in front, large flame on top, A right, SMSXX in exergue; scarce; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00
The reverse may advertise the resettlement and protection of Christian Goths in 348. Persecuted by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric, Wulfila obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia. They settled near Nicopolis ad Istrum.RL68274. Billon AE 2, RIC VIII Constantinople 92, Choice VF, excellent centering, nice green patina, weight 3.440 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 348 - 351 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassedbust left holding globe; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier advancing right, head turned back, leading small barbarian from hut beneath tree with right hand, spear in left with point between legs, Γ above, CONSE* in ex; $95.00 SALE PRICE $85.50
The RIC lists this type as common but this is only the third coin of Constans with this reversetype handled by Forum.RL68789. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Rome 11, LRBC 588, VF, attractive green patina, weight 1.331 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 9 Sep 337 - spring 340 A.D.; obverse D N FL CONS-TANS AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIP, Securitas standing right holding scepter in right and leaning left elbow on column, R clover leaf Q in exergue; rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
RIC lists this type as scarce, however, we believe it is rare.RL56550. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Rome 13, LRBC 588, aVF, weight 1.577 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N FL CONSTANS AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIP, Securitas standing facing, head right, long scepter in right, leaning with left elbow on column, R leaf T in ex; rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
This type, with the emperor holding a Victory on Globe, is only listed as an AE 3 (17-19 mm diameter).RL57035. Billon AE 2, Unpublished(?); cf. RIC VIIIThessalonica 122, LRBC 1649 (AE 3), VF, a little rough, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left on galley, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rhoChristogramstandard) in left, Victory seated in stern steering ship, A in left field, TSA in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Constans, Constantine's youngest son, inherited part of the Western Empire. In 340, Constantine II, his brother, invaded his territory but was killed leaving Constans in total control of the West. In 350, however, his general Magnentius rebelled. Constans tried to escape but overtaken and killed.RL64020. Billon AE 2, RIC VIIIThessalonica 116, VF, weight 4.081 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), soldier standing left, spearing horseman who has fallen to his hands and knees and is wearing a pointed (Parthian) cap, TSΓ* in ex; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
In 347, the Gothicbishop, missionary and translator Ulfilas (Wulfila) obtained permission from Constantius II to immigrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum. There, he invented the Gothicalphabet and translated the Bible from Greek to Gothic.RB73682. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIIISiscia 181, LRBC I 789, Cohen VII 128, SRCV V 18579, VF, earthen encrustations, weight 1.255 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-S P F AVG, laurel and rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse VICTOR-IA AVGG, Victory walking left, looking right, raising wreath in each hand, Christogram (Chi-Rho monogram of Christ) in right field, *BSIS* in exergue; ex Forum (2007); raretype; $50.00 SALE PRICE $45.00
Unusual FL CONSTANTIS BEA Cobverselegend.BB70658. Billon AE 3, RIC VIISiscia 238, VF, weight 1.614 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 45o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 335 - 336 A.D.; obverseFL CONSTANTIS BEA C, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseGLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, •ASIS• in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; scarce (RIC R4); $35.00 SALE PRICE $31.50
Around 350, Pope Julius I declared that Christ's birth would be celebrated on December 25. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6. Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380. The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, probably in 388, and in Alexandria only in the following century.RL71497. Billon AE 3, RIC VIIISiscia 244, VF, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 2.592 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times restored), Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, at stern Victory steering, ∆SIS and control-mark in ex; $34.00 SALE PRICE $30.60
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