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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ RomulusView Options:  |  |  | 

Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.

Romulus, the son of Maxentius, died in 309 A.D. All his coins were issued after his death. The ruins of Romulus' tomb, sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are located in a large enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of St. Sebastian. The Temple of Divus Romulus on the Via Sacra, and adjoining the Basilica Maxentius, was unfinished at the time of the usurper Maxentius' downfall in 312 A.D. and was completed under Constantine. The temple presumably was dedicated to the founder of the city rather than to Maxentius' son. It is not entirely certain which of these two similar structures, the temple or the tomb, or both, are depicted on Romulus' coins. David Sear believes images with columns depict the temple and images without columns, depict his tomb.


Click for a larger photo
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
SH20283. Billon 1/3 follis, RIC VI Roma 239, Cohen VII 7, SRCV IV 1053, Hunter V 5, Choice aEF, nice green patina, weight 1.703 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, posthumous, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS, bare head right; reverse AETERNAE MEMORIAE, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with spread wings, RS in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The Temple of Divus Romulus on the Via Sacra, and adjoining the Basilica Maxentius, was unfinished at the time of the usurper Maxentius' downfall in 312 A.D. Both structures were completed under Constantine. The temple presumably was dedicated to the founder of the city rather than to Maxentius' son.
SH03588. Billon follis, RIC VI Ostia 33, Cohen VII 1, SRCV IV 15045, Hunter V 6 var. (3rd officina), EF, obverse strike a little soft, weight 5.74 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - Oct 312 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO ROMVLO N V FILIO, bare head right; reverse AETERNA MEMORIA, Temple of Divus Romulus with six columns and dome-shaped roof surmounted by eagle, right door open, MOSTP in exergue; very scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
SH71009. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 257 (S), Cohen VII 11, SRCV IV 15049, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, nice green patina, slightly rough, weight 7.637 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, posthumous, c. 311 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS, bare head right, from behind; reverse AETERNAE MEMORIAE, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with spread wings, REP in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVOROMVLONVBISC
DIVOROMVLONVBISCONS
IMPMAXENTIVSDIVOROMVLONVFILIO


REFERENCES

Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zrich, 2013).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 25, 2017.
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Roman Coins of Romulus