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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ MaxentiusView Options:  |  |  |   

Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Maxentius was the son of Maximianus and a talented soldier. On 28 October 306 A.D., in rebellion against Severus II, the Italians and Praetorian Guard raised Maxentius to the rank of Caesar. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.


Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Commemorative issued by Maxentius

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The Temple of Divus Romulus on the Via Sacra, and adjoining the Basilica Maxentius, was unfinished at the time of the usurper Maxentius' downfall in 312 A.D. Both structures were completed under Constantine. The temple presumably was dedicated to the founder of the city rather than to Maxentius' son.
SH34671. Billon follis, RIC VI Ostia 26, Cohen VI 17, SRCV IV 15055, VF, weight 5.394 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - Oct 312 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI, veiled head right; reverse AETERNA MEMORIA, domed hexastyle shrine, eagle on top with head left and wings open, right door ajar, MOSTT in exergue; ex Beast Coins architecture collection; rare; SOLD


Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.

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David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RT84362. Billon half follis, Hunter V 8, RIC VI Ostia 59, Cohen VII 9, SRCV IV 15051, gF, well centered, porous, weight 5.949 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS, bare head right; reverse AETERNAE MEMORIAE, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with spread wings, MOSTT in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Maxentius, the son of Maximianus, was made emperor in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated Constantine.
RB35058. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 223 var. (captive not mentioned for this R2 issue, but present on the following REP issue, RIC VI Rome 273 again R2), VF, some roughness, weight 6.572 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVG N (the victory of our Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond over shoulder in left, captive at feet, RBP in exergue; very rare; SOLD


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With the legend CONSERV VRB SVAE, Maxentius declares he is the Savior of the City (Rome), protecting its customs and privileges.
RB14782. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 113, aEF, weight 5.708 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 306 - 307 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated left on shield in tetrastyle temple, offering globe to Maxentius which is holding scepter, seated captive between, Victories as acroteria, wolf and twins on pediment, AQP in exergue; SOLD


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With the legend CONSERV VRB SVAE, Maxentius declares he is the Savior of the City (Rome), protecting its customs and privileges.
RB34748. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 113, EF, some flatness, weight 6.542 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 306 - 307 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE, Roma seated left on shield in tetrastyle temple, offering globe to Maxentius which is holding scepter, seated captive between, Victories as acroteria, wolf and twins on pediment, AQS in exergue; ex Beast Coins Architecture Collection; SOLD


Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RB72418. Billon follis, Hunter V 2, RIC Roma VI 207, Cohen VII 6, SRCV IV 15046, aVF, well centered, rough green patina, weight 7.421 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS (Divine Romulus of greatest nobility, twice consul), bare head right; reverse AETERNA MEMORIA, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with head left and spread wings, RBQ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges. He invited his father, Maximinian, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, when he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RT76616. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 163, aEF, well centered, edge crack, weight 5.712 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE, Roma holding globe and scepter, seated in hexastyle temple, RT in exergue; ex Forum 2007, ex Edward Sawyer Collection; rare; SOLD


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Maxentius, the son of Maximinian, was made in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RB04240. Billon half follis, RIC VI Ostia 61, Hunter V 41 var. (2nd officina), cf. SRCV IV 15035 (Rome), Choice VF, weight 3.26 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 312 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N (the eternal victory of our emperor), Victory standing right, left foot on base of cippus supporting shield on which she inscribes VOT / X, captive seated left, MOSTP in exergue; from the Aiello Collection; SOLD


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius, the son of Maximinian, was made in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RL74570. Billon half follis, RIC VI Ostia 61, Hunter V 41 var. (2nd officina), cf. SRCV IV 15035 (Rome), Choice aVF, full circles strike on a broad flan, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 312 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N (the eternal victory of our emperor), Victory standing right, left foot on base of cippus supporting shield on which she inscribes VOT / X, captive seated left, MOSTP in exergue; SOLD


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On 11 November 308, attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, at the Congress of Carnuntum, the Tetrarchy declared Maxentius a public enemy, Licinius was proclaimed Augustus, and Constantine I was made Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
RB34863. Billon follis, Hunter V 28, RIC VI Ostia 35, Cohen VII 5, SRCV IV 14975, gVF, weight 7.741 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 28 Oct 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, MOSTP in exergue; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE LEGENDS

MAVRMAXENTIVSNOBCAES
MAXENTIVSNOBC
MAXENTIVSPFAVG
MAXENTIVSPRINCINVICT
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVGCONSII


REFERENCES

Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zürich, 2013).
Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Sunday, April 21, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Maxentius