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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Maxentius||View Options:  |  |  |   

Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

Maxentius was the son of Maximianus and a talented soldier. On 28 October 306 A.D., in rebellion against Severus II, the Italians and Praetorian Guard raised Maxentius to the rank of Caesar. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.


Maximian, 285 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D., Commemorative issued by Maxentius

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The Temple of Divus Romulus on the Via Sacra, and adjoining the Basilica Maxentius, was unfinished at the time of the usurper Maxentius' downfall in 312 A.D. Both structures were completed under Constantine. The temple presumably was dedicated to the founder of the city rather than to Maxentius' son.
SH34671. Billon follis, RIC VI Ostia 26, Cohen VI 17, SRCV IV 15055, VF, weight 5.394 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - Oct 312 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI, veiled head right; reverse AETERNA MEMORIA, domed hexastyle shrine, eagle on top with head left and wings open, right door ajar, MOSTT in exergue; ex Beast Coins architecture collection; rare; SOLD


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges.
RB64551. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 103, VF, well centered, excellent bust, weight 7.161 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 20 Apr - end 308 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate bust wearing imperial mantle left, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), hexastyle temple, Roma seated facing within, head left, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, pediment empty, knobs for acroteria, TT in exergue; SOLD


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This interesting reverse includes two sets of twin brothers; Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf are flanked by the Disocuri twins Castor and Pollux, with their horses.
RB73599. Billon follis, Hunter V 26 (also 4th officina), RIC VI Ostia 16, Cohen VII 10, SRCV IV 14976, Choice aEF, perfect centering, some silvering remaining, weight 6.421 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right, bare right shoulder from behind; reverse AETERNITAS AVG N, Castor and Pollux, each with star above cap, naked except chlamys over shoulder, leaning on scepter with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, she-wolf suckling twins in center, MOST∆ in exergue; SOLD


Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.

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David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RT84362. Billon half follis, Hunter V 8, RIC VI Ostia 59, Cohen VII 9, SRCV IV 15051, gF, well centered, porous, weight 5.949 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, late 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS, bare head right; reverse AETERNAE MEMORIAE, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with spread wings, MOSTT in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 kilometers (6 mi) from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times. Today, the city is small (about 3,500 inhabitants), but it was large and prominent in Antiquity as one of the world's largest cities with a population of 100,000 in the 2nd century A.D. and is one of the main archeological sites of Northern Italy.
RB88947. Billon follis, Paolucci-Zub 173a, RIC VI Aquileia 113, Hunter V 42, SRCV IV 14992, Cohen VII 42, aEF, excellent centering, attractive brown tone, traces of silvering, some high-points weak, edge crack, weight 4.639 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), within a hexastyle temple temple, Emperor standing right, his left foot on bound captive seated right, both before Roma enthroned enthroned left, Emperor holds scepter in left hand, Roma presenting him with a globe, shield against her near side, Victories as acroteria, wolf and twins on pediment, AQΓ in exergue; ex Harlan J. Berk; SOLD


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Maxentius, the son of Maximianus, was made emperor in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated Constantine.
RB35058. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 223 var. (captive not mentioned for this R2 issue, but present on the following REP issue, RIC VI Rome 273 again R2), VF, some roughness, weight 6.572 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA AVG N (the victory of our Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond over shoulder in left, captive at feet, RBP in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 kilometers (6 mi) from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times. Today, the city is small (about 3,500 inhabitants), but it was large and prominent in Antiquity as one of the world's largest cities with a population of 100,000 in the 2nd century A.D. and is one of the main archeological sites of Northern Italy.
RB14782. Billon follis, Paolucci-Zub 173a, RIC VI Aquileia 113, Hunter V 42, SRCV IV 14992, Cohen VII 42, aEF, weight 5.708 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), within a hexastyle temple temple, Emperor standing right, his left foot on bound captive seated right, both before Roma enthroned enthroned left, Emperor holds scepter in left hand, Roma presenting him with a globe, shield against her near side, Victories as acroteria, wolf and twins on pediment, AQP in exergue; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 kilometers (6 mi) from the sea, on the river Natiso (modern Natisone), the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times. Today, the city is small (about 3,500 inhabitants), but it was large and prominent in Antiquity as one of the world's largest cities with a population of 100,000 in the 2nd century A.D. and is one of the main archeological sites of Northern Italy.
RB34748. Billon follis, Paolucci-Zub 173a, RIC VI Aquileia 113, Hunter V 42, SRCV IV 14992, Cohen VII 42, EF, some flatness, weight 6.542 g, maximum diameter 27.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), within a hexastyle temple temple, Emperor standing right, his left foot on bound captive seated right, both before Roma enthroned enthroned left, Emperor holds scepter in left hand, Roma presenting him with a globe, shield against her near side, Victories as acroteria, wolf and twins on pediment, AQS in exergue; SOLD


Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of Divus Romulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RB72418. Billon follis, Hunter V 2, RIC Roma VI 207, Cohen VII 6, SRCV IV 15046, aVF, well centered, rough green patina, weight 7.421 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse DIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS (Divine Romulus of greatest nobility, twice consul), bare head right; reverse AETERNA MEMORIA, Sepulcher of Divus Romulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with head left and spread wings, RBQ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges. He invited his father, Maximinian, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, when he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RT76616. Billon follis, RIC VI Rome 163 (R), Cohen VII 51, SRCV IV 1501, Hunter V -, aEF, well centered, edge crack, weight 5.712 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, c. summer 307 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), Roma seated facing in hexastyle temple, head left, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, pediment plain, knobs as acroteria, RT in exergue; ex Forum 2007, ex Edward Sawyer Collection; rare; SOLD




  




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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

MAVRMAXENTIVSNOBCAES
MAXENTIVSNOBC
MAXENTIVSPFAVG
MAXENTIVSPRINCINVICT
IMPCMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVG
IMPMAXENTIVSPFAVGCONSII


REFERENCES|

Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zürich, 2013).
Gautier, G. "Le monnayage d'argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien" in RN XXXIII (1991).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Saturday, October 19, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Maxentius