Maxentius was the son of Maximinianus, and a talented soldier. He was raised to the rank of Caesar on 28 October 306 A.D., by the Italians and Praetorian Guard in rebellion against Severus II. He quickly invited his father, who had been forced to abdicate, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the famed Conference of Carnutum, Maxentius remained in control of Italy until 312 A.D. At the famous Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell from the bridge and drowned in the Tiber. His demoralized army was defeated by Constantine I.
Romulus, Son of Maxentius, Died 309 A.D.
David Sear identifies this simple round building without columns as the Sepulcher of DivusRomulus. The ruins of this tomb, which are sometimes erroneously called the stables of the Circus of Caracalla, are situated in a large quadrilateral enclosure forming part of the villa of Maxentius on the Appian way, about one mile from the gate of S. Sebastian.
RB72418. Bronze follis, cf. RIC Roma VI 207, Cohen VII 6, SRCV IV 15046, aVF, well centered, rough green patina, weight 7.421 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; obverseDIVO ROMVLO N V BIS CONS (Divine Romulus of greatest nobility, twice consul), bare head right; reverseAETERNA MEMORIA, Sepulcher of DivusRomulus, brick facade, dome-shaped roof, no columns, right door open, surmounted by eagle with head left and spread wings, RPQ in exergue; scarce; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
Calicó, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD – 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003). Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l’Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888). Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995). Drost, V. Le monnayage de Maxence. (Zürich, 2013). Gautier, G. “Le monnayage d’argent de Serdica après la réforme de Dioclétien” in RN XXXIII (1991). King, C.E. & Sear, D.R. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987). Paolucci, R. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000). Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211). Sutherland, R.A.C. & C.H.V. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
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