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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The TetrarchyView Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Coins of the Tetrarchy

Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused to take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, convinced Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. Hercules then ran away and never took back the task.
RB69194. Silvered follis, RIC VI Alexandria 40, SRCV IV 14078, Cohen VII 150, VF, weight 7.382 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 304 - May 305 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse HERCVLI VICTORI, Hercules standing facing, looking left, leaning on club with right, holding apples of Hesperides in left, Nemean lion skin hanging from left elbow, S - P (sacra pecunia?) above arm and B below arm on right, ALE in exergue; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 8 October 314, at the Battle of Cibalae, Constantine defeated Licinius near Colonia Aurelia Cibalae (modern Vinkovci, Croatia). Licinius was forced to flee to Sirmium and lost all of the Balkans except for Thrace. The two Augusti initiated peace negotiations, but they failed and they would not make peace until 1 March 317.
RL76327. Billon follis, Unlisted bust variety of a very rare type; RIC VII Ticinum 4 (R4) var. (head), SRCV IV 15258 var. (same), Cohen VII 139, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, light contact marks and corrosion, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse MARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing right, helmeted, in military dress, reversed spear in right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, PT in exergue; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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Although the officina number looks a bit like Θ, Heraclea only had four officinae at the time of this issue.
RT84376. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 66, Cohen VII 114, SRCV IV 14867, Choice VF, well centered and struck, some silvering, weight 4.900 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F INV AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, globe in extended right hand, long scepter in left hand, wreath lower left, HTB in exergue; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius, the son of Maximinian, was made in rebellion against Severus II. He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the Tiber. His army was defeated by Constantine.
RL74570. Billon half follis, RIC VI Ostia 61, Hunter V 41 var. (2nd officina), cf. SRCV IV 15035 (Rome), Choice aVF, full circles strike on a broad flan, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ostia (port of Rome) mint, 309 - 312 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICTORIA AETERNA AVG N (the eternal victory of our emperor), Victory standing right, left foot on base of cippus supporting shield on which she inscribes VOT / X, captive seated left, MOSTP in exergue; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In 295, Galerius, caesar in the Balkans, was dispatched to Egypt to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.
RT77118. Silvered follis, RIC VI Siscia 90b (R2), SRCV IV 14365, Cohen VII 56, EF, most silvering remaining, nice portrait, weight 8.863 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, c. 295 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libation from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ right, *SIS in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at the confluence of the Colapis and the Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The Roman imperial mint operated from 260 to c. 390 A.D. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae.
RT77399. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 8 (R1), SRCV IV 15211, Cohen VII 66, EF, nice green patina, weight 3.031 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 313 - 315 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, Γ right, SIS in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT84100. Billon follis, RIC VI Siscia 83b, SRCV IV 13257, Cohen VI 184, Hunter V -, Choice VF, near full silvering, light marks, light corrosion, weight 9.180 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius of the Roman people standing left, naked except for chlamys over shoulder, modius on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, A right, *SIS in exergue; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of Valerius Valens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.
RL77096. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 121, SRCV IV 15194, Cohen VII 49, Choice gVF, attractive portrait, nice patina, well centered, weight 4.906 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), turreted Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, T - F across field, ATR in exergue; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POP ROM dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RL77103. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 845b, Hunter V 5, SRCV IV 15191, Cohen VII 53, Choice EF, near perfect full circles strike, slight die wear, tiny edge crack, weight 4.217 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, T F at sides, PTR in exergue; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Most references describe this bust as laureate and cuirassed. Hunter V breaks from tradition and correctly recognizes that the loop on the left shoulder indicates drapery, the paludamentum. To avoid confusion, we use the traditional description omitting "draped" from the description.
RL77105. Billon follis, RIC VI Londinium 209c, Hunter V 1, SRCV IV 15183, Cohen VII 53, Choice gVF, excellent portrait, well centered, green patina with coppery high spot on obverse, some reverse die wear, weight 4.183 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star right, PLN in exergue; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00




  







Catalog current as of Monday, August 21, 2017.
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The Tetrarchy