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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Caracalla||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.

Lot 20 Roman Provincial Coins from Parium, Mysia, 3rd Century A.D.

|Parium|, |Lot| |20| |Roman| |Provincial| |Coins| |from| |Parium,| |Mysia,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.|, |Lot|
Mostly or all Caracalla with Capricorn (9), wolf suckling wins (3), Genius sacrificing (8) reverses.
LT96128. Bronze Lot, Lot 20 Roman provincial coins from Parium, Mysia, mostly or all Caracalla, 198 - 217 A.D., c. 21 - 23 mm, aVF or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $700.00 SALE |PRICE| $630.00
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Nicaea, Bithynia

|Bithynia|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Nicaea,| |Bithynia|, |assarion|NEW
This type is apparently unpublished and this is the only specimen of the type known to Forum. The reverse die is also paired with a laureate, draped and cuirassed bust seen from behind, also apparently unpublished, but we do know of several specimens from the Nicaean Addenda on Forum's Classical Numismatic Discussion.
MA95618. Bronze assarion, Apparently unpublished, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, BMC Pontos -, Rec Gén -, Isegrim -, F, off center, porosity/light corrosion, some legend not fully struck, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicaea (Iznik, Turkey) mint, c. 198 - 208 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNEINOC AYΓO, laureate head right; reverse NIKAIEΩN, eagle standing right on exergue line, head turned back left, wreath in beak, wings partially open; extremely rare, possibly unique; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |as|
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RB92486. Bronze as, RIC IV 519 (S); Hunter III 83; BMCRE V p. 412, 259; Cohen IV 533, SRCV II -, VF, nice style, corrosion, small edge splits, weight 9.631 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 211 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing facing, head left, baton in right hand held over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00
 


|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |denarius|
This coin refers to the departure (profectio) of Caracalla, Septimius, and Geta on their British expedition. Historian's dating of this departure to the year 208 depends on these coins dated TR P XI for Caracalla and TR P XVI for Septimius.
RS90014. Silver denarius, RIC IV 108 (S); RSC III 510; BMCRE V p. 272, 574; Hunter III p. 56, 52; SRCV II -, aVF, off center, frosty surfaces, edge cracks, weight 2.483 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 208 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XI COS III (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 11 years, consul for the 3rd time), Emperor on horseback right, wearing military garb, paludamentum flying behind, transverse lance in right hand, enemy kneeling right with right hand raised below horse's raised right foreleg, PROF (departure) in exergue; ex FORVM (2011); scarce; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |23|
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RP83502. Bronze AE 23, Varbanov III 3277 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 59, 128; SNG Hunterian 778; SNG Cop 112 var. (obv. leg.); SNG ANS -, VF, green patina, weight 6.845 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AVT K - ANTΩNOINOC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, city goddess enthroned left, wearing turreted crown, patera in extended right hand, left hand at her side; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


Caracalla, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace

|Pautalia|, |Caracalla,| |28| |Jan| |198| |-| |8| |Apr| |217| |A.D.,| |Pautalia,| |Thrace|, |AE| |18|NEW
Pautalia, Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Pautalia, Thrace, pentassarion The site of Pautalia (modern Kyustendil, Bulgaria) was settled in the Iron Age by the Thracian Dentheletes tribe. It was located near thermal springs and remains of the ancient city include a temple of Asklepios and Roman baths. In the 1990s, excavation of nearby 2nd century A.D. tumuli unearthed bronze surgical instruments and a small bronze case containing a variety of medicines.
MA95627. Bronze AE 18, Ruzicka Pautalia 743, Varbanov II 5035 (R4), Moushmov -, SNG Cop -, BMC Thrace -, F, tight flan, porous, weight 3.516 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 45o, Pautalia (Kyustendil, Bulgaria) mint, c. 198 - 208 A.D.; obverse AY K M AY ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse OYΛΠIAC ΠAYTA,ΛIAC (ending in exergue), bull walking right; $50.00 (€46.00)
 


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|NEW
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
MA95648. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 265c; RSC III 289; BMCRE V p. 462, 141; SRCV II 6773 var. (bust from behind); Hunter III -, F, broad flan, a little rough, weight 5.713 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P (high priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 19 years, consul 4 times, father of the country), Sol mounting quadriga left, horses prancing, Sol radiate, nude except for chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, whip in left hand; very scarce; $45.00 (€41.40)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calicó, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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