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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Caracalla||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, better known as Caracalla, was the son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna, born in 188 A.D. He was named Caesar in 196 and Augustus in 198. Shortly before his death, Severus advised his sons, "Agree with each other, give money to the soldiers and scorn all other men." But the brothers hated each other and soon Caracalla had Geta murdered and massacred thousands suspected of supporting him. Although a capable military commander, the actual running of the government was left to his mother. He gradually slipped more and more into paranoia and delusions of grandeur before being murdered on his way to an Eastern campaign aimed at fulfilling his belief that he was the reincarnation of Alexander the Great.

Lot 20 Roman Provincial Coins from Parium, Mysia, 3rd Century A.D.

|Parium|, |Lot| |20| |Roman| |Provincial| |Coins| |from| |Parium,| |Mysia,| |3rd| |Century| |A.D.|, |Lot|
Mostly or all Caracalla with Capricorn (9), wolf suckling wins (3), Genius sacrificing (8) reverses.
LT96128. Bronze Lot, Lot 20 Roman provincial coins from Parium, Mysia, mostly or all Caracalla, 198 - 217 A.D., c. 21 - 23 mm, aVF or better, unattributed to type, no tags or flips, actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $700.00 SALE |PRICE| $630.00


|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |as|
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RB92486. Bronze as, RIC IV 519 (S); Hunter III 83; BMCRE V p. 412, 259; Cohen IV 533, SRCV II -, VF, nice style, corrosion, small edge splits, weight 9.631 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 211 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing facing, head left, baton in right hand held over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Julia| |Domna,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
In Greek as well as Roman mythology, Hygieia (also Hygiea or Hygeia, Latin: Hygea or Hygia), was one of the Asclepiadae; the sons and daughters of the god of medicine, Asclepius, and his wife Epione. Hygieia was the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness and hygiene. Hygieia and her four sisters each performed a facet of Apollo's art: Hygieia (health, cleanliness, and sanitation); Panacea (universal remedy); Iaso (recuperation from illness); Aceso (the healing process); and Aglaa (beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment). Hygieia also played an important part in her father's cult. While her father was more directly associated with healing, she was associated with the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health. Her name is the source of the word "hygiene". Hygieia was imported by the Romans as the goddess Valetudo, the goddess of personal health, but in time she started to be increasingly identified with the ancient Italian goddess of social welfare, Salus.
RP92885. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.46.2 (R5, same dies); Varbanov I 1048 (R5, same rev. die); BMC Thrace p. 31, 23; AMNG I -; Moushmov -; SNG Cop -, F, interesting portraits, brown toned surfaces with brassy high points, light marks, obverse a little off center, weight 12.483 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 15o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, tetrastyle temple, statue of Hygieia within, standing facing, head right, feeding snake held in right arm from phiale in left hand, pellet in pediment, E (mark of value) upper left; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; very scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Julia| |Domna,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarreling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
MA92886. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.46.18 (R4), Varbanov I 1045 (R5), Moushmov 502, AMNG I -, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, interesting portraits, brown toned surfaces with brassy high points, some porosity, parts of legends unstruck, weight 13.431 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩN, tetrastyle temple, statue of Asclepius within, standing facing, head left, serpent-entwined staff in right hand, pellet in pediment, E (mark of value) upper left; only one sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Julia| |Domna,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarreling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
MA92887. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.7.6 (R5), Varbanov I 1001 (R4), AMNG I 663, Moushmov 470, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, brown tone with brassy high points, broad flan, edge crack, central depressions, weight 12.263 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOΛIA ∆OMNA, laureate bust of Caracalla right facing draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEIT,ΩN (the last two letters flanking low across field), Apollo standing facing, head right, nude, right hand on head, holding bow and arrow in left hand, serpent entwined column on right, E (mark of value) in left field; only one sale of this type recorded on Coin Archives for the last two decades, this is the first specimen of this type handled by FORVM; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Caracalla and Julia Domna, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Marcianopolis, Moesia Inferior

|Marcianopolis|, |Caracalla| |and| |Julia| |Domna,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Marcianopolis,| |Moesia| |Inferior|, |pentassarion|
When Severus died in 211, Julia became the mediator between their two quarreling sons, Caracalla and Geta, who were to rule as joint emperors. Caracalla convinced his mother to call Geta for a reconciliation meeting in her residence. It was a trick. In his mother's house, Caracalla's soldiers attacked and Geta died in their mother's arms. afterward, Julia's relationship with Caracalla was understandably difficult. Nevertheless, she accompanied him on his Parthian campaign in 217. During this trip, Caracalla was assassinated, after which Julia committed suicide. Her body was brought to Rome and she was later deified.
MA92888. Bronze pentassarion, H-J Marcianopolis 6.19.20.2 (R5), Varbanov I 1005 (R3), AMNG I 671, BMC Thrace -, SNG Cop -, F, full legends, brown tone with brassy high points, light marks, light deposits, central depressions, weight 13.496 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 180o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Quintilianus, 215 A.D.; obverse ANTΩNINOC AYΓOYCTOC IOΛIA ∆OMNA (MN ligate), laureate bust of Caracalla right confronting draped bust of Julia Domna left; reverse YΠ KYNTIΛIANOY MAPKIANOΠOΛEITΩ,N (final letter lower left field), Asklepios standing slightly right, head left, himation around waist and over left shoulder, snake-entwined staff in right hand, E (mark of value) in left field; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Sardes, Lydia, c. 212 - 217 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |c.| |212| |-| |217| |A.D.|, |AE| |16|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Men. Men had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
RP92868. Bronze AE 16, SNG Munchen 499; BMC Lydia p. 248, 86; Johnston Sardis 262; Lindgren-Kovacs A809A; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aVF, well centered, dark green patina, porosity, weight 1.991 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Caracalla, c. 212 - 217 A.D.; obverse ZEYC - ΛY∆IOC, diademed and draped bust of Zeus Lydios right; reverse CAP∆IANΩN, Herakles standing facing, head left, resting right hand on grounded club, Nemean lionskin on left arm; scarce; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., "Limes" Denarius

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |"Limes"| |Denarius|, |limes| |denarius|
The origin and purpose of the bronze "limes" denarii is uncertain. They may have been a token currency used only along the borders of the Empire. They may have been illegal counterfeits with a now long gone thin silver wash.
MA95664. Bronze limes denarius, cf. RIC IV 120 (S); RSC III 3; BMCRE V p. 205, 267; SRCV II 6790; Hunter III - (official, silver, Rome mint, 201 - 202 A.D.), VF, green patina, porosity, obverse slightly off center, weight 2.290 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, unofficial mint, obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, boy's laureate and draped bust right; reverse ADVENT AVGG, war galley left on waves, ram, acrostolium and vexillum at the bow, five oarsmen and a steersman, three persons seated in the steersman's cabin, two standards and apluster at the stern; $70.00 (64.40)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Amphipolis|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |23|
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RP83502. Bronze AE 23, Varbanov III 3277 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 59, 128; SNG Hunterian 778; SNG Cop 112 var. (obv. leg.); SNG ANS -, VF, green patina, weight 6.845 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 28 Jan 198 - 8 Apr 217 A.D.; obverse AVT K - ANTΩNOINOC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, city goddess enthroned left, wearing turreted crown, patera in extended right hand, left hand at her side; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSAVGVSTV
ANTONINVSAVGVSTVS
ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
ANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY ELAGABALUS)
DIVOANTONINOMAGNO
IMPCAEMAVRANTAVGPTRP
IMPCAESMAVRELANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINETGETACAESAVGFIL
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONAVGPTRP
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPONTAVG
IMPMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVGPMTRPXIII
MAVRANTCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONCAESPONTIF
MAVRANTONINVSCAES
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVG
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGBRIT
MAVRELANTONINVSPIVSAVGGERM


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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