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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ CrispinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Crispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.

Crispina was married to emperor Commodus in 177A.D., in an effort to foster some virtue in the young Caesar. Unfortunately, Crispina was a vain and haughty, if beautiful, and did little to improve Commodus' character. She was implicated in a plot to kill Commodus in 182. She was exiled to Capri with Lucilla and murdered soon after.


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Juno Lucina was the Goddess of Light and of childbirth. In her honour, on 1st of March the Roman matrons celebrated the festival Matronalia and it was customary for their husbands or lovers to present gifts.
RB77892. Copper as, RIC III 680, Cohen III 24, BMCRE IV 433, SRCV II 6018, F, centered, nice dark patina, scratches, weight 10.542 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverse IVNO LVCINA S C, Juno standing left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Kirk Davis; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00


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Pudicitia, modesty and chastity, was for Romans the highest regarded female virtue. For an unmarried girl, pudicitia meant virginity. For a wife, it meant faithfulness and devotion to her husband. Romans loved the story of Arria, an ultimate example of Roman pudicitia. When the emperor Claudius ordered her husband Paetus to end his own life, he hesitated. Arria took his dagger and stabbed herself to set an example, saying, "Paetus, it doesn't hurt."
RB75894. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 670 (Commodus); Szaivert MIR 18, 16-6a; BMCRE IV 419 (Commodus); Cohen III 30; SRCV II, F, weight 22.695 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 178 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair knotted in a bun in back; reverse PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, right hand on breast, left hand at side, S - C across field; scarce; $105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00


Crispina, Wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D., Ancient Counterfeit

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This type invokes the Gods of Childbirth, however, there is no record of the offspring from Commodus and Crispina.
RS76885. Fouree silver plated denarius, cf. BMCRE IV 39, RSC II 16, RIC III 281B (R), SRCV II 5999, Hunter II - (official, solid silver, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.), gF, toned, darker spots, scratches and bumps, edge cracks, weight 2.845 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial counterfeiter's mint, c. 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right, hair in round coil at the back; reverse DIS GENITALIBVS, large rectangular altar, flames at top center, horns(?) at sides of top; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

CRISPINAAVG
CRISPINAAVGIMPCOMMODIAVG
CRISPINAAVGVSTA


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. III: Vol. 3: Marcus Aurelius to Clodius Albinus. (Paris, 1883).
Mattingly, H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol III: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1930).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 4: Antoninus Pius to Commodus. (London, 1940).
Robinson, A.S. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Szaivert, W. Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus un Commodus (161-192). (Wien, 1984).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Friday, May 27, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Crispina