Crispina, wife of Commodus, Augusta 178 - 182 A.D.
Crispina was married to emperor Commodus in 177A.D., in an effort to foster some virtue in the young Caesar. Unfortunately, Crispina was a vain and haughty, if beautiful, and did little to improve Commodus' character. She was implicated in a plot to kill Commodus in 182. She was exiled to Capri with Lucilla and murdered soon after.
Hilaritas, the personification of rejoicing, is usually depicted as a matron, standing with a cornucopia in her left hand and a long palm frond on the ground in her right. Green branches were a sign of gladness and for special occasions, both public and private, it was the custom in ancient times to ornament streets, temples, gates, houses, and even entire cities, with branches and leaves of trees. This tradition carries on today in the form of wreaths and Christmas trees.
RS67692. Silver denarius, RIC IIICommodus 282, RSC II 18, BMCRE IV Commodus 40, VF, weight 3.436 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverseCRISPINAAVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseHILARITAS, Hilaritas standing left, long grounded palm branch in right, cornucopia in left; scarce; $200.00 (€150.00)
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon, the protector and special counselor of the Roman state, and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She was a daughter of Saturn, the sister and wife of Jupiter, and the mother of Juventas, Mars, and Vulcan. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock. Her Greek equivalent is Hera.
RS67696. Silver denarius, RIC IIICommodus 283, RSC II 21, BMCRE IV Commodus 41, SRCV II 6001, VF, nicely centered, weight 3.078 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverseCRISPINAAVGVSTA, draped bust right; reverseIVNO, Juno standing facing, veiled, head left, patera in right, long scepter in left, peacock left at feet on left; scarce; $155.00 (€116.25)
This type invokes the Gods of Childbirth, however, there is no record of offthe spring from Commodus and Crispina.
RS06925. Silver denarius, RIC IIIComm. 281, RSC II 15, EF, weight 3.31 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 320o, Rome mint, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverseCRISPINA AVG, draped bust right; reverseDIS GENITALIBVS, square altar or altar enclosure; rare; SOLD