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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ AeliusView Options:  |  |  | 

Aelius, Caesar, July or August 136 - 1 January 138 A.D.

In 136, Aelius was adopted by an aging and ailing Hadrian and made caesar, successor to the throne. He had no military experience but had served as a senator and had powerful political connections. He was known for luxurious taste, an extravagant lifestyle, but also poor health. He was never to become emperor, dying before Hadrian, on 1 January 138.


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Pannonia was conquered by the Romans in the 1st century B.C. but was not completely pacified until the reign of Commodus. Shortly after Aelius was made caesar, Hadrian also made him governor of Pannonia. This type was struck to commemorate this event.
SH32342. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II Hadrian 1071, SRCV II 3988, BMCRE III Hadrian 1936, gem VF, weight 8.398 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 A.D.; obverse L AELIVS CAESAR, bare head right; reverse TR POT COS II, PANNO-NIA and S - C across fields, Pannonia standing facing, head left, holding vexillum in right hand and gathering up drapery in left; scarce; SOLD


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In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).
RS86691. Silver denarius, RIC II Hadrian 436 (S), BMCRE III Hadrian 983, Hunter II 7, RSC II 1, SRCV II -, gVF, nice portrait, toned, a couple small light scratches, edge splits, weight 3.261 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 137 A.D.; obverse L AELIVS CAESAR, bare head right; reverse TR POT COS II, Concordia enthroned left, patera in right hand, resting left elbow on cornucopia set a on a small column base, CONCORD in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex CNG 43 (1997), lot 1985; scarce; SOLD


Aelius, Caesar, July or August 136 - 1 January 138 A.D., Laodicea ad Lycus, Phrygia

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Laodiceia ad Lycum was founded probably by Antiochus II Theos (261 - 46 B.C.), and named after his wife Laodice. The principal deity of the city was Laodicean Zeus or Zeus Aseis. "Aseis" may be linked to the Arabic "aziz" which means powerful and may indicate Syrian influence on the cult. Laodiceiaís cosmopolitan population included many people of Syrian origin. There was also a large and prosperous Jewish community whose members had freedom of worship. Laodicea is one of the oldest homes of Christianity and the seat of one of the seven churches of the Apocalypse.
RP46591. Bronze AE 25, BMC Phrygia p. 311, 201, SGICV 1346, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aVF, grainy, weight 7.513 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Laodicea ad Lycus (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, obverse ΛOVKIOC AIΛIOC KAICAP, bare head right; reverse ∆CEIC - ΛAO∆IKEΩN, Zeus Aseis standing slightly right, chest bare, himation over left shoulder and arm and around waist and legs, resting right hand on goat standing at his feet left; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

LAELIVSCAESAR
LAELIVSCAESARTRPCOSII


REFERENCES

Banti, A. and L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Caliců, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappťes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 2: Nerva to Antoninus Pius. (Paris, 1883).
Hill, P.V. The Dating and Arrangement of the Undated Coins of Rome, A.D. 98-148. (London, 1970).
Mattingly H. & E. Sydenham. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. II: Vespasian to Hadrian. (London, 1926).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 3: Nerva to Hadrian. (London, 1936).
Robinson, A.S. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971).
Seaby, H.A. & R. Loosley. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. II: Tiberius to Commodus. (London, 1979).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Thursday, June 20, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Aelius