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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheAdoptiveEmperors>Hadrian

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

Hadrian, one of the “Five Good Emperors,” abandoned the expansionist policy of Trajan and established a policy of defense and consolidation during which Hadrian's Wall in Britain was constructed. He traveled to nearly every province of the Empire, more than any other emperor, often ordering grandiose building programs to improve infrastructure and the quality of life in those regions. An ardent admirer of Greece, he sought to make Athens the cultural capital of the Empire and ordered the construction of many opulent temples in the city. He spent much of his time with the military; usually wore military attire and even dined and slept amongst the soldiers. He ordered military training and drilling to be more rigorous and made use of false reports of attack to keep the army alert. He suppressed the Bar Kokhba revolt in Judaea, renaming the province Syria Palaestina.Roman Empire 125 AD


Click for a larger photo In summer 130 A.D., Hadrian traveled from Syria, into Judaea and Palestine, and then on to Egypt. The bar-Kochba revolt in Judaea forced Hadrian to remain in the region until 135. In 136 A.D., Hadrian returned to Rome, ending his long travels.
SH72906. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 894 (R); Hendin 1604d, Cohen II 52, SRCV II 3566 var, Fair, weight 24.916 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, c. 136 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ADVENTVI AVG IVDAEAE, Hadrian on left, standing right, togate, raising right hand, facing Judaea who holds a patera over altar in right and cup in left, two small children each holding a palm frond flank the altar, S C in exergue; rare; $800.00 SALE PRICE $720.00

Click for a larger photo Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire and spent more than half his reign outside Italy. Nero had been criticized as self-indulgent for his trip to Greece, but Hadrian proudly advertised his travels with his "Adventus" coinage series. Unlike Nero, the pleasure-seeking tourist, Hadrian inspected and corrected the legions and made grants for the construction of new public buildings, projects and settlements. Hadrian travels were intended to transform conquered lands into a unified Roman Empire.
RS71589. Silver denarius, RIC II 301, BMCRE III 829, RSC II 188, SRCV II 3462, VF, weight 3.299 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 131 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bearded bare head right; reverse ASIA, Asia standing left, right foot on prow, hook in right, rudder flukes up in right; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and North Africa depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX59599. Bronze drachm, Milne 1038; Dattari 1802 var (date above); Kampmann-Ganschow 32.228; Emmett 1015 (R5), Geissen -, BMC Alexandria -, SNG Cop -, SNG Hunterian -, VF, weight 22.004 g, maximum diameter 33.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 122 - 28 Aug 123 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TPAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate bust right, drapery on far shoulder; reverse Nilus reclining left, hippo under left arm, long reed in right, cornucopia in left, LZ (year 7) in exergue; extremely rare; $320.00 SALE PRICE $288.00

Click for a larger photo Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns, SC in exergue
RB57402. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II 640, Cohen II 416, BMCRE III 1309 note (refs Cohen), Fair, weight 22.9 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, Hadrian standing left on the Rostra in the Forum, addressing five citizens with hands raised in acclamation, temple behind with four visible columns (one to the left of Hadrian), S C in ex; very rare (R2); $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00

Click for a larger photo "This, the first representation of Britannia on the Roman coinage, commemorates victories in Britain over the northern Brigantes tribe following their revolt during Trajan's last years." -- David Sear in Roman Coins and Their Values II
SH72522. Bronze as, RIC II 577b (R2), BMCRE III 1175, Cohen II 197, SRCV II 3676, aF, green patina, tight flan, weight 8.368 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse PONT MAX TR POT COS III, Britannia seated facing, foot on rock, head propped on right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, large shield on right, S - C flanking across field, BRITANNIA in exergue; very rare; $300.00 SALE PRICE $270.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The date on this coin is uncertain. It appears to have a date spelled out in the exergue and only a letter E seems clear. Savio 7956 also appears to have the date in the exergue. Again, the date is not clear.
SH90304. Bronze obol, cf. Savio 7956, Emmett 1159 (R5), Geissen -, Milne -, SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -, BMC Alexandria -, aVF, weight 3.703 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 126 - 28 Aug 127 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI - TRAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate head right; reverse griffin seated right, left forepaw on wheel, L ENDEKATOV (?, year 11) in ex; extremely rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria
Click for a larger photo The destruction of Jerusalem in the First Jewish War made Caesarea, with a population above 125,000 and the hub of the road network, the economic and political hub of Palaestina. Caesarea was again the marshalling point for the Roman army during the reign of Hadrian for the Bar Kochba War, 132 - 136. Hadrian himself visited the city in 130 and again in 134. Hadrian, like Titus sixty-four years earlier, executed Jewish rebels in the city. By tradition, the condemned including Akiva, a leading Jewish sage and the rabbi who had greeted the rebel leader as the expected Messiah (Yer. Ta'anit, iv. 68d). By Hadrian's time Caesarea's outer harbor had deteriorated badly. The harbor had been wrecked by a tsunami in December 115. Tectonic activity had lowered the ocean floor and sunken parts of the breakwater were causing a hazard to shipping. Another earthquake struck in 132 when urban areas were again severely damaged. Much of the original city, including its celebrated harbor, had to be built anew, by Hadrian and his successor Antoninus Pius. At its height the rebuilt city covered an urban area of nearly a thousand acres - almost five-times the size of Jerusalem. -- Kenneth Humphreys
SH90830. Bronze AE 14, Kadman Caesarea 30 - 31; Rosenberger 28; Sofaer 33; BMC Palestine p. 21, 76 - 77; SNG ANS 773 - 775; SNG Cop -, aVF, rough, weight 2.755 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, obverse IM TRA HADRIANO CAE, laureate bust right; reverse lion walking right, snake right above, C I F A C (Colonia Prima Flavia Augusta Caesarea) below; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; very rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00

Click for a larger photo Curtis Clay convincingly argues that Hadrian's "travel" coins naming provinces, including those having him arrive in a province, with "ADVENTVS" legends, restoring a province, with "RESTITVTORI" legends, and those having him address a provincial army, with "EXERCITVS" legends, were actually issued beginning soon after his safe return to Rome from his second journey in 131 A.D. Most references date them after 134 A.D.
RB72517. Orichalcum as (or dupondius), BMCRE III 1796, RIC II 942 (R), Cohen II 1227, SRCV II -, aVF, rough and porous, weight 11.106 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 131 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate bust right, from behind; reverse RESTTVTORI AFRICAE, Hadrian standing left, togate, holding volumen and extending hand to raise up kneeling Africa, wearing elephant skin headdress and holding two grain ears; three stalks of grain growing between them, S C in exergue; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (13 - 14 Nov 2012), part of lot 957; ex Kenneth Edwin Day Collection; rare; $235.00 SALE PRICE $212.00

Click for a larger photo Clementia was the goddess of forgiveness and mercy, which the Romans considered good traits for a caesar or emperor. In 44 B.C., a temple was consecrated to her by the Roman Senate, possibly at Julius Caesar's instigation. She was deified as a celebrated virtue of Julius Caesar, who was famed for his forbearance, especially following his civil war with Pompey from 49 B.C.
SH90477. Silver denarius, BMCRE III 538, RSC II 221, Strack II 333, RIC II 206, SRCV II 3464 var. (bust right), aVF, attractive portrait, toned, scratches, weight 2.562 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 132 - 134 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, bare-headed, draped, bust left; reverse CLEMENTIA AVG COS III P P, Clementia standing half left, patera in right, long scepter vertical behind in left; rare with bust left; $195.00 SALE PRICE $176.00

Click for a larger photo In 122, Hadrian gave up the conquered territories in Scotland. During a personal visit to the area, Hadrian ordered construction of a 73 mile (117-kilometer) long wall to mark the northern border and keep the Caledonians, Picts and other tribes at bay. Construction of Hadrian's Wall began on 13 September.
RS72547. Silver denarius, RSC II 903b, RIC II 127, BMCRE III 285 note, SRCV II 3502 var (no cuirass), VF, well centered, small scratches and marks, weight 2.888 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 122 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS III, Libertas seated left, branch in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, LIB PVB in exergue; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00

Click for a larger photo In 135, Simon bar Kokhba was killed in Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Resistance continued in Galilee. The Jewish diaspora began as Emperor Hadrian barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed Colonia Aelia Capitolina. Legio VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An altar to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem.
RS71535. Silver denarius, RSC II 630, BMCRE III 616, RIC II 237, Strack II 222, SRCV I 3488 var (bare head), VF. centered, toned, light scratches, weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse FELICITAS AVG, Hadrian standing right, togate, roll in left, clasping right hands with Felicitas, standing left, caduceus transverse in left; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Click for a larger photo The Romans used poppy for cooking and medicinal purposes. For cooking, it was used mainly as a garnish or sprinkled on bread, perhaps also in desserts. Pliny sites the medicinal purpose: '..allow the poppy sap to thicken, roll it into pastilles and allow these to dry in the shade. It is a tranquillizer, but if you take too much, you will die in your sleep.' (N.H. XX-lxxvi)
RS71544. Silver denarius, SRCV II 3461, RIC II 230, RSC II 170a, BMCRE III 600, VF, nice portrait, centered, toned, weight 3.403 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 135 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head right; reverse ANNONA AVG, modius with four stalks of grain and one poppy in center; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00

Roman Empire, Anonymous, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo RIC identifies this type as common but it appears to be rare with the dove facing left.

Quadrantes, like quinarii, were issued only occasionally, perhaps exclusively for imperial distributions. Suetonius reported that, from the roof of the Basilica Julia "Caligula threw coins among the people." Perhaps this small coin was thrown to the crowd by the emperor himself at a similar event.
RB63623. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 25, VF, weight 1.847 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right; reverse dove standing left, S C in ex; rare; $145.00 SALE PRICE $131.00

Click for a larger photo Hadrian traveled to nearly every province of the Empire and spent more than half his reign outside Italy. Nero had been criticized as self-indulgent for his trip to Greece, but Hadrian proudly advertised his travels with his coinage series. Unlike Nero, the pleasure-seeking tourist, Hadrian inspected and corrected the legions and made grants for the construction of new public buildings, projects and settlements. Hadrian travels were intended to transform conquered lands into a unified Roman Empire.
RS72618. Silver denarius, RIC II 299, RSC II 138, BMCRE III 816, weight 3.060 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AFRICA, Africa reclining left, wearing elephant scalp headdress, scorpion in right, cornucopia in left, basket with fruits or grain before her; $125.00 SALE PRICE $113.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D. Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
Click for a larger photo In 125 A.D., the Pantheon was constructed in Rome as it stands today.
RP65923. Orichalcum as, McAlee 551, SRCV II 3695, RIC II 666 corr., VF, cleaning scratches, weight 7.465 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, Roma seated left on cuirass, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, Victory in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, round shield behind cuirass, S C in exergue; rare; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia
Click for a larger photo Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RP90613. Silver hemidrachm, Metcalf 86a; Sydenham Caesarea 255; BMC Galatia p. 62, 140; SNGvA 6413; SNG Cop 223 var (draped and cuirassed), gF, well centered, struck with worn dies, weight 1.560 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea mint, 120 - 121 A.D.; obverse AYTO KAIC TPAI A∆PIANOC CEBACT, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse Victory advancing right, wreath in extended right, palm frond over shoulder in left, ET ∆ (year 4) in right field; ex CNG auction 326, part of lot 713; $120.00 SALE PRICE $108.00

Click for a larger photo In 123 A.D., Hadrian averted war with Parthia by personally meeting with Osroes I.
RB72525. Bronze as, RIC II 605, Cohen II 1470, BMCRE III 1240, SRCV II 3670, aVF, attractive portrait, porous, weight 10.333 g, maximum diameter 25.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 123 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR P COS III, radiate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Virtus standing right, spear vertical behind in right, parazonium in left, left foot on helmet, S - C flanking across field; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Struck at Rome for Use in Syria
Click for a larger photo An interesting type with Tyche of Antioch and the river-god Orontes, but struck at the Rome mint!
RP57016. Orichalcum as, McAlee 544a, RIC II 680 corr., SRCV II 3696, F, area of corrosion on rev, weight 8.502 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse COS III, Tyche seated left on rock, stalks of grain in right hand, resting left elbow on stork, river god swimming right at feet, S - C flanking across field; rare (R2); $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Chalcis ad Belum, Chalcidice, Syria
Click for a larger photo Trajan's last coinage struck at Chalcis ad Belum used the same reverse, also dated KE. The era of the city of Chalkis began in Autumn 92 A.D. Year 25 of the local era was Autumn 116 - Autumn 117 A.D. This reverse was used for Hadrian's coinage only for the short time after the mint learned he was the new emperor until the local New Year's day (29 August?). When the New Year began the date was changed to B referring to Hadrian's second regnal year (a new regnal year began on New Year's day, not the one year anniversary of rule).
RP69854. Bronze AE 22, Butcher 16; SNG Milan 6; SNG Hunterian 2712 var (drapery only on far shoulder); BMC Galatia -; SNG München -; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, F, weight 14.192 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 45o, Chalcis ad Belum (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, c. 11 Aug - 28 Aug 117 A.D.; obverse AUTOKR KAIC TRAIANOC ADRIANOC CEB (or similar, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ΦΛ XAΛ/KI∆EΩN / KE in three lines (KE indicating year 25 of the era of Chalkis), all within laurel wreath of eight bunches of leaves, closed at the top with a pellet; from Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; very rare; $110.00 SALE PRICE $99.00

Click for a larger photo In 118, Trajan's Forum was completed with triumphal arches, columns, a market complex, and an enormous basilica. Construction began on the Pantheon. Rome was the largest city in the world with a population exceeding one million.
RS72527. Silver denarius, RSC II 1015, BMCRE III 78 RIC II 44, SRCV II 3511, F, toned, weight 2.946 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 118 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate bust right, bare chest, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse P M TR P COS II, Pax standing half left, olive-branch downward in right hand, cornucopia in left, PAX in exergue; scarce; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Click for a larger photo Curtis Clay convincingly argues that Hadrian's "travel" coins naming provinces, including those having him arrive in a province, with "ADVENTVS" legends, restoring a province, with "RESTITVTORI" legends, and those having him address a provincial army, with "EXERCITVS" legends, were actually issued beginning soon after his safe return to Rome from his second journey in 131 A.D. Most references date them after 134 A.D.
RS72617. Silver denarius, RIC II 324, RSC II 1247, BMCRE III 878, SRCV II 3534, weight 3.240 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, "travel series" issue, 131 - 137 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse RESTITVTORI GALLIAE, Hadrian standing right, togate, holding scroll, extending hand to raise up Gallia kneeling left; scarce; $100.00 SALE PRICE $90.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The Greek numeral sixteen (Iς) above Nilus refers to what was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits. Less could mean drought or famine. Much more could mean dangerous flooding. Herodotus gives 24 cubits as the highest recorded rise of the Nile. The lowest Nile on record before the river was dammed was about 13 cubits in 966 A.D.
RX69313. Bronze drachm, Geissen 990; Milne 1265; Dattari 1807 var; BMC Alexandria 783 var; SNG Cop 345 var; Kampmann-Ganschow 32.460, aF, weight 21.565 g, maximum diameter 34.1 mm, die axis 315o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 127 - 28 Aug 128 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC - TRAI A∆PIA CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Nilus reclining left on a crocodile right, cornucopia in right, reed in left, himation around waist and legs, Iς above, L ∆W∆EK (year 12) in ex; big 34mm bronze!; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00

Click for a larger photo One look at Medusa would turn a man to stone. Bellerophon slew Medusa with one blow of his sword. From her blood sprang Pegasus. Minerva gave Bellerophon a golden bridle with which he caught Pegasus. Later he placed the head of Medusa on Minerva's shield to repay her. But Bellerophon grew proud and sought to ride Pegasus to the Palace of Jupiter in the heavens. Angered, Jupiter, sent an insect to sting Pegasus, causing the winged steed to throw Bellerophon to his death.
RB72516. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC II 658, Cohen II 436, BMCRE III 1330, SRCV II 3660, aF, weight 11.270 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 124 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, reverse COS III (III in exergue), Pegasus flying right, S C below; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (13 - 14 Nov 2012), part of lot 957; ex Kenneth Edwin Day Collection; $75.00 SALE PRICE $67.50

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The Greek numeral sixteen (IV) above Nilus refers to what was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits. Less could mean drought or famine and more could mean catastrophic flooding. Even in modern times grand celebrations were held when the flood reached 16 cubits. In years when the flood failed to reach 16 cubits, the celebrations were canceled, and prayers and fasting were held instead. The peak flood occurred at the end of August, which explains why the Egyptian year began on 29 August.
RX57429. Bronze drachm, Geissen 992 (same dies); BMC Alexandria p. 92, 786 cor (says elephant) and pl. XX (same reverse die); Milne 1267; Dattari 1805; SNG Cop 346, aF, weight 23.947 g, maximum diameter 34.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 127 - 28 Aug 128 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TRA A∆PIA CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Nilus reclining left, cornucopia from which genius emerges in right, reed in left, hippopotamus under elbow, Iς above, L ∆W∆EK (regnal year 12) in ex; big 34.5 mm bronze!; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The Greek numeral sixteen (Iς) above Nilus refers to what was considered the ideal height of the annual Nile flood, sixteen cubits. Less could mean drought or famine. Even in modern times grand celebrations were held when the flood reached 16 cubits. In years when the flood failed to reach 16 cubits, the celebrations were canceled, and prayers and fasting were held instead. The peak flood occurred at the end of August, which explains why the Egyptian year began on 29 August.
RX59672. Bronze drachm, Geissen 992; BMC Alexandria p. 92, 786 cor (says elephant); Milne 1267; Dattari 1805; SNG Cop 346; Kampman and Ganschow 32.462, aF, weight 25.972 g, maximum diameter 34.5 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 127 - 28 Aug 128 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC TRA A∆PIA CEB, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse Nilus reclining left, cornucopia from which genius emerges in right, reed in left, hippopotamus under elbow, Iς above, L ∆W∆EK (regnal year 12) in ex; big 34.5 mm bronze!; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Click for a larger photo Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
BB72520. Copper as, RIC II 678, BMCRE III 1349, Cohen II 1357, SRCV II 3692, aVF, small areas of potentially active corrosion, weight 11.805 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 125 - 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse SALVS AVGVSTI, Salus standing slightly left, from patera in right, feeding snake raising from altar on left, long scepter in left, S - C flanking low in inner fields, COS III in exergue; ex Morton & Eden auction 59 (13 - 14 Nov 2012), part of lot 957; ex Kenneth Edwin Day Collection; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo During Hadrian's reign Italian agriculture declined as imports from Egypt and North Africa depressed wheat prices, making it unprofitable to farm and forcing many farmers off the land. In Rome, bread was distributed free to the poor and Roman bakeries produced dozens of bread varieties.
RX57430. Bronze drachm, Milne 1357; Geissen 1068; Dattari 1627; SNG Cop 270; BMC Alexandria p. 82, 694, Fair, weight 19.816 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 132 - 28 Aug 133 A.D.; obverse AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped bust right, wearing aegis, from behind; reverse Athena standing left wearing crested helmet, two stalks of grain in right hand, resting left on grounded shield behind, L I-Z (year 17) across field; big 33mm bronze!; $55.00 SALE PRICE $49.50

Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Tripolis, Phoenicia
Click for a larger photo Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) was the center of a Phoenician confederation of Tyre, Sidon and Arados, hence the name Tripoli, meaning "triple city" in Greek.
RP65927. Bronze AE 24, Rouvier 1695; BMC Phoenicia p. 210, 48; SNG Cop 280; Baramki AUB 25; Lindgren 2349, aF, weight 10.025 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 0o, Tripolis mint, 116 - 117 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAICAP TPAIANOC A∆PIANOC, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse TPIΠOΛEITWN, jugate, laureate and draped busts of the Dioscuri right, each wearing pileus surmounted by star; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50

Click for a larger photo In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti).
RB69500. Copper as, RIC II 795(a), F, green patina, weight 10.708 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50

Click for a larger photo There are peculiarities about these Roman crescent and star reverse types that are difficult to understand. First, the crescents are almost always depicted with the horns up. The moon is never seen this way in the sky. Also, in the sky stars are never visible within the horns of the crescent moon because there they would be behind the shadowed yet solid and opaque orb.
RS69963. Silver denarius, RSC 460a, BMCRE III 456, RIC II 200, SRCV II 3484 var (drapery), F, rough, coppery areas, weight 3.194 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, late 125 - early 128 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse COS III, star within and above crescent moon; $40.00 (€34.40)


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Click for a larger photo The crocodile is symbolic of Egypt. The reed and cornucopia are symbolic of the prosperity delivered by the Nile.
RX23275. Bronze drachm, Fair, weight 19.448 g, maximum diameter 32.2 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, obverse AVT KAIC TRA A∆PIANOC CEB (or similar), laureate bust left; reverse Nilus recumbent left on crocodile, cornucopia with infant genus in right, reed in left, Iς above, L∆Ω∆EK (year 12) in ex; big 32 mm bronze!; $.99 (€.85)



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Obverse legends:

AVGVSTVSHADRIANVS
AVGVSTVSHADRIANVSPP
DIVVSHADRIANVSAVG
HADRIANVSAVGCOSIIIPP
HADRIANVSAVGVST
HADRIANVSAVGVSTVS
HADRIANVSAVGVSTVSPP
IMPCAEDITRAIANFDIVNERNEPTRAHADRIANOAVG
IMPCAEDIRAPARFDIVINERNEPTRAHADRIANOAVG
IMPCAESARTRAIAHADRIANVSAVG
IMPCAESARTRAIANHADRIANVSAVG
IMPCAESARTRAIANVSHADRIANVSAVG
IMPCAESARTRAIANVSHADRIANVSAVGPMTRPCOSIII
IMPCAESHADRIANDIVINERTRAIANOPTFIL
IMPCAESTRAHADRIANOAVGPP
IMPCAESTRAIANHADRIANOAVGDIVITRA
IMPCAESTRAIANHADRIANOAVGDIVITRAPARTHF
IMPCAESTRAIANHADRIANOPTAVGGERDAC
IMPCAESTRAIANHADRIANOOPTAVGGERDAC




Average well preserved denarius weight 3.34 grams.

Catalog current as of Thursday, January 29, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Hadrian