MarcusUlpius Traianus, a brilliant general and administrator was adopted and proclaimed emperor by the aging Nerva in 98 A.D. Regarded as one of Rome's greatest emperors, Trajan was responsible for the annexation of Dacia, the invasion of Arabia and an extensive and lavish building program across the empire. Under Trajan, Rome reached its greatest extent. Shortly after the annexation of Mesopotamia and Armenia, Trajan was forced to withdraw from most of the new Arabian provinces. While returning to Rome to direct operations against the new threats, Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia.
In 106 A.D., Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The river-god on the reverse is usually described as Tiber, however, the reverse likely personifies the impact of the Roman destruction of the Dacian's water supply. Dacia's own water supply has betrayed her, knocked her to the ground, and is choking her.
SH63939. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 556, BMCRE III 793 note, Cohen 526, aF, weight 20.524 g, maximum diameter 32.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverseIMP CAESNERVA TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR PCOS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverseS P Q ROPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, River-god, cloak billowing behind, leaning left with right knee on supine Dacia, forcing her to the ground, choking her with his right hand, reeds in left; very scarce; $300.00 (€231.00)
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (AequitasAugusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting AequitasAugusti is a source of prosperity.
RS64028. Silver denarius, RIC II 118, RSC II 85, BMCRE III 281, BnF IV 257, gVF, toned, weight 2.877 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 108 - 109 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverseCOS V P P S P Q ROPTIMO PRINC, Aequitas standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; ex Helios Numismatik auction 7 (12 Dec 2011), lot 725; $260.00 (€200.20)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Stobi, Macedonia
SH58236. Bronze AE 22, Josifovski Stobi 56 (V8/R10); Varbanov III 3820 var (rev legend), BMC Macedonia p. 104, 3 var (same); SNG Cop -, SNG ANS -, Lindgren -, VF, weight 9.054 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, Stobi mint, obverseIMP CAESNERVA TRAIAN [AVG GERM P M T P COS III], laureate head right; reverse MVNI-CIPI S-TO-BE-NSI, Tetrastyle temple, Asklepios standing facing within, holding serpent staff, round shield on pediment; bold srike, fantastic portrait; rare; $250.00 (€192.50)
SH59034. Silver quinarius, RSC II 430a, BCMRE III 225, RIC II 196 var (no aegis), VF, weight 1.236 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR PCOS V P P, laureate head right, aegis on far shoulder; reverse SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Victory walking right, wreath in right, palm frond over shoulder in left; from the Raymond Carson Collection; rare; $200.00 (€154.00)
Roman Empire, Anonymous, Domitian to Antoninus Pius, c. 81 - 161 A.D.
RIC identifies this type as common but it appears to be rare with the dove facing left.
RB63623. Bronze quadrans, RIC II p. 218, 25, VF, weight 1.847 g, maximum diameter 14.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 81 - 161 A.D.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Venus right; reverse dove standing left, S C in ex; rare; $200.00 (€154.00)