The liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and . In late Republican , the was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of in 44 B.C., and his co-conspirators used the to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
SH84074. , 388 (S), 70, 112, I 54, 2118 var. (laureate right), 23 var. (same), aVF, excellent portrait, attractive dark sea-green , shallow old cuts on the , areas of corrosion, 23.372 g, maximum 35.8 mm, 180o, mint, c. Oct 68 A.D; SER IMP , laureate and draped right; (freedom of the people), Liberty standing half left, liberatis in right hand, rod in left hand and cradled in left arm, ( ) flanking across at center; ; $450.00 (€400.50)
Livia was the wife of , mother of , paternal grandmother of , paternal great-grandmother of , and maternal great-great-grandmother of . "Suetonius records that in his youth was a favourite of Livia through whose patronage he moved in the most elevated social circles of the Julio-Claudian era." - David in Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol I.RS85539. Silver , 189 (R), 55a, 6, 7 var. (no drapery), 83 var. (same), -, F, , nice portrait for the grade, light marks and scratches, cutting off top of some letters, 3.148 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, mint, Jul 68 - Jan 69 A.D.; IMP SER AVG, laureate right; , Livia standing left, in right hand, long vertical in left hand; from the Lucas Harsh collection; ex ACCG auction IV (13 Oct 2011), lot 59; ex Numismatics; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
The abbreviates Populusque Romanus Ob Cives , meaning "[Awarded by] the senate and the Roman people for saving citizens." The on the is the corona civica, the oak awarded to Roman citizens ex (by special decree of the Senate) for saving the life of another citizen by slaying an enemy in battle. It became a prerogative for to be awarded the Civic Crown, originating with , who was awarded it in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.SH37553. Gold
, 164, 286, 2093, 72, gF, 6.975 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 135o, mint, Aug - Oct 68 A.D.; IMP SER AVG, right; / in two lines within oak (corona civica); ; SOLD
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