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Nero became emperor after his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, died (Claudius was probably poisoned by Nero's mother Agrippina II). At first Nero ruled well, guided by his mentors Seneca and Burrus, but soon his reign degenerated into the debauchery and murder for which he is infamous. He had his mother, Burrus, Britannicus, and numerous senators and members of the nobility murdered or executed. Legend says he kicked Poppaea, his pregnant wife, to death. He was the first emperor to persecute Christians, blaming them for the Great Fire in 64 A.D. Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D after generals in Africa, Gaul and Spain all rebelled, and the Praetorian Guard in Rome deserted him.
In 65, Gaius Calpurnius Piso, a Roman statesman, organized a conspiracy against Nero with the help of Subrius Flavus and Sulpicius Asper, a tribune and a centurion of the Praetorian Guard. According to Tacitus, many conspirators wished to "rescue the state" from the emperor and restore the Republic. The freedman Milichus discovered the conspiracy and reported it to Nero's secretary, Epaphroditos. As a result, the conspiracy failed and its members were executed including Lucan, the poet. Nero's previous advisor, Seneca was ordered to commit suicide after admitting he discussed the plot with the conspirators.RS72981. Silver denarius, RIC I 55 (R), BMCRE I 83; RSC II 257, Hunter I 19, BnF II 224, SRCV I 1944, gEF, superb portrait, finestyle, flan cracks, uneven strike leaving Roma headless, weight 3.328 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, post reform, c. 64 - 65 A.D.; obverseNEROCAESARAVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverseRoma seated left on cuirass, shields and grieve, helmeted, right leg drawn back and right foot on helmet, Victory offering wreath in her right hand, left hand on parazonium, ROMA in exergue; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex York Coins (2006); rare; $700.00 SALE PRICE $630.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Antioch, Syria
The Sela Neron (NeroTetradrachm) is mentioned in the Mishna Keilim 17:12.
Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo was the Propraetorial Imperial Legate of Roman Syria from 60 - 63 A.D. In 58 A.D. Corbulo, who had been Caligula's brother-in-law, had defeated the Parthians. Tigranes, who grew up in Rome, was installed as king of Armenia. In 63, Armenia again fell under Parthian hegemony. Corbulo crossed the Euphrates with a strong army. The new Armenian king Tiridates refused battle, laid down his diadem at the foot of the emperor's statue, and promised not to resume it until he received it from the hand of Nero himself in Rome. In 67, Nero, suspicious of Corbulo and his support among the Roman masses, summoned him to Greece. On his arrival at Cenchreae, the port of Corinth, messengers from Nero met Corbulo, and ordered him to commit suicide, which he loyally obeyed by falling on his own sword, saying, "Axios!"SH73960. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 258, Prieur 82, RPC I 4182, gVF, weight 14.269 g, maximum diameter 25.7 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 61 - 62 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNOΣ KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate beardless bust right wearing aegis; reverseeagle standing on a thunderbolt, wings spread, palm frond left, H / IP right (regnal year 8 & year 110 of the Caesarian era); $350.00 SALE PRICE $315.00
The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. -- Roman History from Coins by Michael GrantSH76397. Copper as, RIC I 543, BMCRE I 381, BnF II 160, Mac Dowall WCN 593, Hunter I 131, Cohen I 302, SRCV I -, VF, nice portrait, well centered, some light corrosion, weight 10.627 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NEROCAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head right, globe at point of neck; reverseVictory flying left holding shield inscribed S P Q R, S - C across field; from the Jeff Michniak Collection; $350.00 SALE PRICE $315.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Hypaepa, Lydia
Hypaepa was at the foot of Mt. Aipos, near the north bank of the Cayster River, 42 miles from Ephesus on the road to Sardis. The ruins are near the present-day village of Günlüce, 4 km northwest of of Ödemıs. In myth, Aphrodite gave the gifts of beauty and a form of dance to the women of Hypaepa, and it was Arachne's home before she was turned into a spider. The Persian goddess Anahita, later identified with Artemis and called Artemis Anaitis, was worshipped there. In 88 B.C., Hypaepa rebelled against Mithridates VI of Pontus and was severely punished. Under Tiberius it was a candidate for locating a temple dedicated to worship of the emperor, but was rejected as too insignificant. To judge by the number of churches, Hypaepa flourished under the Byzantine Empire.RP72125. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2542 (11 spec.); SNG Cop 188; BMC Lydia p. 110, 16; SNGvA -, VF, a little off center but on a broad flan, weight 2.131 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 45o, Hypaepa (Günlüce, İzmir, Turkey) mint, magistrate Mitrodoros Kon, 55 A.D.(?); obverse NEPΩN KAIΣAP (counter-clockwise from upper left), bare head of Nero right; reverse YΠAIΠHNΩN MHTPO∆ΩPOΣ, KON (counter-clockwise from upper left, KON upward in right field), hero standing left, labrys (double axe) in right; ex Gitbud & Naumann 2010; last example listed on Coin Archives sold in 2013; rare; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
The shield held by Victory is the golden shield that was dedicated to Augustus by the Senate and Roman People (S. P. Q. R.) in recognition of his classic, cardinal virtues. By placing the shield and Victory on his coin, Nero was claiming these same virtues were part of his regime. -- Roman History from Coins by Michael GrantRB73638. Copper as, RIC I 543, BMCRE I 381, BnF II 160, Mac Dowall WCN 593, Hunter I 131, Cohen I 302, SRCV I -, VF, green patina, corrosion, weight 10.587 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, c. 66 A.D.; obverse IMP NEROCAESAR AVG P MAX TR P P P, laureate head right, globe at point of neck; reverseVictory flying left, holding shield inscribed S P Q R in her right hand, S - C flanking across field; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00
In 46 A.D., after the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III and after an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the Thracian Kingdom was annexed by Claudius as the Roman province of Thracia. Perinthus was made the capital of Roman Thracia. All the Latin coins of Perinthus are rare. BMC does not list Perinthus mint, but identifies this type as "barbarous." RIC notes the existence of Balkan sestertii, dupondii and asses but does not catalog them.RB90366. Copper as, RPC I Supplement S-1760a, F, corrosion, light scratches, weight 8.452 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 315o, Heraclea Perinthos (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 63 - 9 Jun 68 A.D.; obverseNERO CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, laureate head right; reverse Neptune standing half left, dolphin in right, long vertical trident in left, S - C flanking across field; very rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Kassandreia, Macedonia
Cassandrea, previously Potidaea, was founded as a colony by Hortensius in 43 - 42 B.C. and refounded as COL IVL AVG CASSANDREN by Augustus in 30 B.C. The portrait and inscribed titles indicate this type was struck between 63 and 68 A.D. It may have been struck for Nero's visit to Greece in 66 - 67.SH59952. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1517, SNG ANS 234, Varbanov 3324, SNG Cop -, VF, nice jade patina and attractive style, weight 8.108 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 180o, Kassandreia mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverseNEROCLAVDCAESAR AVG GER P M TR P (IMP?) P P, radiatehead left; reverse COL IVL AVG - CASSANDREN, horned head of Zeus Ammon left; $190.00 SALE PRICE $171.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
The reverse may relate to Nero's visits to Greece about the time this coin was struck, the ship being his mode of transport. RX76575. Billontetradrachm, Dattari 263; Milne 273; Curtis 113; BMC Alexandria p. 21, 177; RPC I 5296; Geissen 184, Kampmann-Ganschow 14.99, F, centered on a crowded flan, grainy, porous, weight 13.045 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, Alexandria mint, 66 - 67 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiatebust left wearing aegis, date LIΓ before; reverse ΣEBAΣTOΦOPOΣ, galley sailing right, two dolphins below; $175.00 SALE PRICE $158.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
This type is from a series of tetradrachms depicting and naming a variety of Greek deities; issued to commemorate Nero's sojourn in Greece in 67 - 68 A.D. RX76577. Billontetradrachm, Dattari 255; Milne 262; Curtis 186; Geissen 191; BMC Alexandria p. 16, 126; RPC I 5297; Kampmann-Ganschow 14.94, gVF, well centered, bold portraits, some legend weak, some porosity, a few small encrustations, weight 12.389 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 66 - 9 Jun 67 A.D.; obverse NEPΩ KΛAY KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP AY, radiatebust left with aegis, date LIΓ (year 13) before; reverse ∆IOΣ OΛYMΠIOY, laureate bust of Olympian Zeus right, star right; ex CNG e-auction 227 (10 Feb 2010), lot 400; $165.00 SALE PRICE $149.00
Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D., Abdera, Thrace
In ancient Athens it was proverbial to ridicule Abdera by saying that the air in Abdera causes stupidity. But Abdera counted among its citizens the philosophers Democritus, Protagoras and Anaxarchus, historian and philosopher Hecataeus of Abdera, and the lyric poet Anacreon.SH68886. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 1730, Varbanov II 7 (R6), AMNG II 244, SNG Cop 382, SGICV 485, aVF, some corrosion, weight 4.523 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Abdera mint, 63 - 68 A.D.; obverse NEPΩNI KΛAY∆IΩ KAIΣAPI ΣEBAΣTOY, bare head of Nero left; reverse ΘEΩ AB∆HPEITAI, bare head of Augustus (or Claudius) left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection, ex Harlan J. Berk; scarce; $155.00 SALE PRICE $140.00
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