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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Twelve Caesars ▸ ClaudiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.

Claudius was one of the most capable, yet unlikely emperors. Shunned as an idiot by his family due to a limp and embarrassing stutter, Claudius spent the first decades of his life absorbed in scholarly studies until the death of his nephew Caligula. After Caligula's murder, the Praetorian Guard found him hiding behind a curtain in the Imperial Palace, expecting to be murdered. Instead, the guard proclaimed him emperor. His reign was marred by personal catastrophes, most notably promiscuity and betrayal by his first wife. He governed well and conquered the troublesome island of Britain. He was poisoned by his second wife, Agrippina Jr., mother of Nero.


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia, Augustus Reverse

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Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.
RP86553. Leaded bronze AE 22, Touratsoglou 18 (V6/R17), RPC I 1578 (8 spec.), Varbanov 4235 (R4), SNG ANS 842, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, aVF, dark green patina, tight flan, reverse slightly off center, bumps, scratches, light corrosion, weight 9.099 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, Emission 1, c. 41 A.D.; obverse TI KΛAY KAIΣAP ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΓEPM, laureate head of Claudius left, uncertain countermark; reverse ΘEOΣ ΣEBAΣTOΣ ΘEΣΣAΛONEIKEΩN, radiate head of Augustus right; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; $130.00 (€110.50)
 


Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Aizanis, Phrygia

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Aizanis (Aezani, Aizanoi) was an important political and economic center in Roman times. Surviving remains from the period include a well-preserved Temple of Zeus, an unusual combined theater-stadium complex, and a macellum inscribed with the Price Edict of Diocletian.
RP84892. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 3088; BMC Phrygia p. 34, 85; SNG Cop 83; vA Aizanoi 40; McClean 8744; Lindgren-Kovacs 872, VF, dark patina with buff earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse slightly off center, weight 4.082 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Aizanis (Cavdarhisar, Turkey) mint, magistrate Klaudios Hierax; obverse AIZANITAI − KΛAY∆ION KAICKAPA, laureate head right; reverse EΠI KΛAY∆I-OY - IEPAKOC, Zeus of Aezanis standing facing, head left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 28 (2 Jul 2016), lot 252; $120.00 (€102.00)
 


Antonia, Daughter of Mark Antony, Wife of Nero Drusus, Mother of Claudius, Grandmother of Caligula

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Antonia was daughter of Marc Antony and Octavia, wife of Nero Claudius Drusus, sister-in-law of Tiberius, mother of Claudius, and grandmother of Caligula. Renowned for her beauty and virtue, Antonia spent her long life revered by the Roman people and enjoyed many honors conferred upon her by her relatives. All her coinage was issued early in the reign of Claudius. She died around 37 A.D., possibly as a result of forced suicide ordered by Caligula.
RB88153. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC I Claudius 92, BMCRE I Claudius 166, Cohen I 6, BnF II Claudius 143, SRCV I 1902, aF, weight 11.159 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 41 - 50 A.D.; obverse ANTONIA AVGVSTA, bare-headed bust right, hair in long plait; reverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, Claudius standing left, veiled and togate, simpulum in right, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


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Minerva was ancient even to the Romans. She was of Italian or Etruscan origin and directly identified with the Greek Athena. Although a war goddess, she was also the patron of handicrafts and of wisdom. The latter is probably what made her attractive to Claudius who reportedly authored several histories, none of which, unfortunately, have survived.
RB88147. Copper as, RIC I 116, BMCRE I 206, BnF II 233, Cohen I 84, SRCV I 1862, Hunter I -, F, green patina, scratches, a few small patina chips, earthen deposits, weight 10.259 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse Minerva walking right, helmeted, draped and wearing aegis, brandishing javelin in right hand, round shield on left arm, large S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower fields; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


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Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.
RB88110. Copper as, RIC I 97, BMCRE I 145, BnF II 177, Cohen I 47, SRCV I 1859, gF, compact flan, a little rough, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 11.715 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP, bare head left; reverse LIBERTAS AVGVSTA, Libertas standing facing, head right, pileus (liberty cap worn by freed slaves) in right hand, extending left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking at sides; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Britannicus, Son of Claudius and Messalina, b. 12 February 42 - d. 11 February 55 A.D., Smyrna, Ionia

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Most authorities attribute the obverse bust to Britannicus but RPC interprets it as Nero.
RB88156. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2476; BMC Ionia p. 270, 283; Lindgren-Kovacs 562; SNG Cop 1351; SNGvA 7995; Klose Smyrna XXXI, Fair, weight 3.653 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse bare head right; reverse EΠI ΦIΛIΣTOY EIKA∆I/OΣ , (authorities Philistos and Eikadios), Nike flying right carrying trophy over shoulder; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


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Constantia is the personification consistency. On Roman coinage, she is found only on coins struck under Claudius. A typical example of the fabricated propaganda on Roman coinage, consistency was a characteristic that Claudius lacked. His biographer Suctonius said of him, "In the faculties of reflection and discernment, his mind was remarkably variable and contrasted, he being sometimes circumspect and sagacious; at others inconsiderate and hasty, often frivolous and as though he were out of his wits."
RB88138. Copper as, RIC I 111, BMCRE I 199, BnF II 226, Cohen I 14, SRCV I 1857, F, compact flan, scratches, reverse a little off center, weight 11.183 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 50 - 54 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP P P, bare head left; reverse CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI (consistency of the emperor), Constantia in military dress, standing left, raising hand and holding spear, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $50.00 (€42.50)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

DIVVSCLAVDIVSAVGVSTVS
TICLAVDCAES
TICLAVDCAESAVG
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPIIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIMPXI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVI
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPVIIIIIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIIMPPPCOSV
TICLAVDCAESARAVGPMTRPXIPPIMPXVIII
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVG
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMP
TICLAVDIVSCAESARAVGPMTRPIMPPP
TICLAVDCAESARAVGGERMPMTRIBPOTPP (WITH AGRIPPINA JUNIOR)


REFERENCES

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayón, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. I: De Pompeyo Magno a Matidia (Del 81 a.C. al 117 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J-B. Monnaies de L'Empire Romain II: De Tebère à Néron. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1988).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
von Kaenel, H-M. Münzprägung und Münzbildnis des Claudius. AMUGS XI. (Berlin, 1986).

Catalog current as of Sunday, December 16, 2018.
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Roman Coins of Claudius