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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Twelve Caesars| ▸ |Caius & Lucius||View Options:  |  |  | 

Caius and Lucius Caesars

Caius Caesar, born in 20 B.C. and Lucius Caesar, born in 17 B.C., were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, and the grandsons of Augustus. Augustus adopted them and designated them as his successors. As boy's, they were declared consul elect, princeps juventutis, honored with priesthoods, and admitted to the senate. In 1 A.D. Caius was consul and was sent to Armenia, where he showed talent for both civil government and military enterprise. In 2 A.D., rather than invade, Gaius met with King Phraates V and concluded peace with the Parthians, who recognized Roman claims to Armenia. The brothers seemed destined for greatness. But Lucius, the younger of the two, died suddenly at Marseilles on 20 August 2 A.D. And, on his return from Armenia, Caius was treacherously wounded by a local Roman magistrate, fell into a lingering illness, and on 21 February 4 A.D., at the early age of 24, died at Limyra in Lycia. Augustus' wife, their step-mother, Livia, was rumored to have arranged both of their deaths to advance her son Tiberius, who was later adopted as Augustus' son and heir.


Gaius Caesar, Grandson of Augustus, Laodicea ad Lycus, Phrygia

|Laodicea| |ad| |Lycus|, |Gaius| |Caesar,| |Grandson| |of| |Augustus,| |Laodicea| |ad| |Lycus,| |Phrygia|, |AE| |16|
Laodicea ad Lycum fell under Roman control in 133 B.C. It suffered greatly during the Mithridatic Wars but quickly recovered under Roman rule. Towards the end of the Roman Republic and under the first emperors, Laodicea, benefiting from its advantageous position on a trade route. It became one of the most important and flourishing commercial cities of Anatolia, know for its large money transactions and its black wool trade.
RP93133. Bronze AE 16, RPC I 2900; BMC Phrygia p. 303, 154; SNG Cop 557; SNGvA 3838; Lindgren-Kovacs 990A, VF, broad flan, obverse off center, mild porosity, weight 3.852 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Lycum (near Denizli, Turkey) mint, magistrate Anto. Polemon Philopatris, c. 5 B.C.; obverse ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head right; reverse eagle standing facing, turned slightly to right, head and tail left, ΠOΛE monogram left, ΦIΛOΠAT monogram right, ΛAO∆IKEΩN below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Gaius Caesar, Antiochia ad Maeandrum, Caria, 1 B.C. - 4 A.D.

|Caius| |&| |Lucius|, |Gaius| |Caesar,| |Antiochia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Caria,| |1| |B.C.| |-| |4| |A.D.|, |AE| |15|
The bare-headed young portrait is Gaius Julius Caesar, not Augustus. In this period, Augustus would be expected to wear a wreath, as he does on the other coins from this city. The youthful image better fits the younger man, who was both his grandson and adoptive son. Many cities issued coins for Gaius after he was made army commander in the East in 1 B.C. The winged caduceus commemorates the peace treaty he made that year with Phraates V. Attribution to Antioch on the Meander is likely but not entirely certain.
SH77422. Bronze AE 15, RPC I Supp. S-5478 (corr., 1 spec., head of Augustus, caduceus on a prow); Solidus Numismatik, auction 6, lot 209, VF, over-cleaned, porous, flan crack, weight 2.129 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, Antiochia ad Maeandrum (near Basaran Turkey) mint, 1 B.C. - 21 Feb 4 A.D.; obverse ANTIOXEΩN, bare head (Gaius Caesar?) right with slender neck and curved bust line; reverse winged caduceus in laurel wreath; extremely rare, only the 3rd known; SOLD


Caius and Lucius Caesars, c. 1 B.C., Pergamum, Mysia

|Caius| |&| |Lucius|, |Caius| |and| |Lucius| |Caesars,| |c.| |1| |B.C.,| |Pergamum,| |Mysia|, |AE| |18|
The brothers, Caius and Lucius, were the sons of Agrippa and Julia, daughter of Augustus. They were due to succeed Augustus but predeceased him in 4 and 2 A.D. respectively.
SH62522. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 2363, SNG BnF 2036, BMC Mysia 247, SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.224 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, reign of Augustus, c. 1 B.C.; obverse ΓA−ION, KEΦAΛIΩN below, bare head of Gaius Caesar right; reverse ΛEY−KION, bare head of Lucius Caesar right; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society (ANS) Collections Database Online - http://numismatics.org/search/search
Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and supplement).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. One: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 1: Pompey to Domitian. (Paris, 1880).
Giard, J.B. Monnaies de l'Empire romain, I Auguste. Catalogue Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 1998).
Mattingly, H. & R.A.G. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol 1: Augustus to Vitellius. (London, 1923).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. I. Augustus to Nerva. (Oxford, 1962).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Toynbee, J.M.C. Roman medallions. ANSNS 5. (New York, 1944).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 25, 2020.
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Roman Coins of Caius & Lucius