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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Featured Collections| ▸ |S. Lindner Collection||View Options:  |  |  | 

The S. Lindner Byzantine Tetartera Collection

The S. Lindner Collection of Byzantine tetartera is a collection of the small bronze Byzantine denominations from the 11th and 12th centuries, assembled over more than 15 years. Reigns covered include Alexius I, John II, Manuel I, Andronicus, Isaac, Isaac II, and Alexius III. The collection includes many rarely seen coins and all the coins are attractive specimens of types that can be difficult to find well struck and well preserved.

Byzantine Empire, Isaac Comnenus, Usurper in Cyprus, 1184 - 1191 A.D.

|Isaac| |Comnenus| |of| |Cyprus|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Isaac| |Comnenus,| |Usurper| |in| |Cyprus,| |1184| |-| |1191| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Isaac Comnenus maintained independent rule in Cyprus for 7 years. He was defeated by Richard the Lionheart of England during the third crusade. Isaac was imprisoned and Cyprus was never recovered by the empire.
BZ95148. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 7; CLBC 6.3.3 (R4); Hendy pl., 19, 14; Morrisson BnF 63/Ch(B)02; Wroth BMC p. 596, note 1; SBCV 1994; Ratto -, aVF, rough green patina, light scratches, off center, weight 2.836 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Nicosia(?) mint, 1184 - 1191 A.D.; obverse bust of Christ facing, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left hand; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆EC or similar, Comnenus bust facing, wearing crown, divitision and sagion, cruciform scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; very rare; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Isaac Comnenus, Usurper in Cyprus, 1184 - 1191 A.D.

|Isaac| |Comnenus| |of| |Cyprus|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Isaac| |Comnenus,| |Usurper| |in| |Cyprus,| |1184| |-| |1191| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Isaac Comnenus maintained independent rule in Cyprus for 7 years. He was defeated by Richard the Lionheart of England during the third crusade. Isaac was imprisoned and Cyprus was never recovered by the empire.
SL95157. Bronze tetarteron, Hendy pl., 21, 13; SBCV 1998; Morrisson BnF 63/Ch(B)03; CLBC 6.3.6 A; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, NGC VF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5 (5770405-007), weight 3.195 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Cyprus mint, 1184 - 1191 A.D.; obverse OEMMA NOV/HA (Latinized Hebrew: "God with us"), Christ enthroned facing, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, scroll in left hand, , IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) left and right of nimbus; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆ECΠOTIC (or similar, Isaac, despot), the Virgin nimbate on right, crowns Isaac on left, Isaac with sagion cruciform scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand, both standing facing, MP between; from the S. Lindner Collection; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; $250.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus I, September 1183 - 12 September 1185 A.D.

|Andronicus| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Andronicus| |I,| |September| |1183| |-| |12| |September| |1185| |A.D.|, |half| |tetarteron|
Marchev and Watcher suggest the scarcity of this type my be due to limited or no minting during the Norman siege of Thessalonica.
BZ95147. Bronze half tetarteron, CLBC 5.4.4; DOC IV-1 8; SBCV 1989; Hendy pl. 19, 4; Morrisson BnF - (p. 731); Wroth BMC 17-18; Ratto 2172; Sommer 62.6; Grierson 1115, aVF, weak strike, ragged flan with edge splits typical of type, weight 1.781 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, Sep 1183 - 12 Sep 1185 A.D.; obverse facing bust of the Virgin Orans, nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium, the nimbate head of the infant Christ on her chest, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) across field; reverse AN∆PO, half-length figure of Andronicus facing with forked beard, wearing crown, scaramangion and sagion, labarum in left hand, globus cruciger in right hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; rare; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Isaac Comnenus, Usurper in Cyprus, 1184 - 1191 A.D.

|Isaac| |Comnenus| |of| |Cyprus|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Isaac| |Comnenus,| |Usurper| |in| |Cyprus,| |1184| |-| |1191| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Isaac Comnenus maintained independent rule in Cyprus for 7 years. He was defeated by Richard the Lionheart of England during the third crusade. Isaac was imprisoned and Cyprus was never recovered by the empire.
SL95154. Bronze tetarteron, CLBC 6.3.6 B (R4); Hendy pl., 21, 13; SBCV 1998 (extremely rare); Morrisson BnF 63/Ch(B)03; Wroth BMC -; Ratto -, NGC VF, strike 3/5, surface 2/5 (5770405-006), weight 2.940 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Cyprus mint, 1184 - 1191 A.D.; obverse O EMMA-NOVHΛ (Latinized Hebrew: "God with us"), Christ enthroned facing, bearded, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, scroll in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus; reverse ICAAKIOC ∆ECΠOTIC (or similar, Isaac, despot), Isaac (on left) standing facing, crowned by the Virgin (on right), emperor wears stemma, divitision, collar-piece and simplified jeweled, cruciform scepter in left hand, akakia in right hand, Virgin nimbate, wearing tunic and maphorion, Greek MHTP monogram (Mother) above center; from the S. Lindner Collection; NGC| Lookup; extremely rare; $190.00 SALE |PRICE| $171.00
 


Byzantine Empire, John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.

|John| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |John| |II| |Comnenus,| |15| |August| |1118| |-| |8| |April| |1143| |A.D.|, |aspron| |trachy|
John II was the oldest son of Alexius I and succeeded to the throne in 1118. He was a good and capable ruler and did much to further the Byzantine Empire. He recaptured lost territory and added territory to the Empire. He attempted to curtail the trading privileges given to the Venetians but was forced to give up this idea. His reign was brought to an early end when he died in a hunting accident. His youngest son, Manuel I, succeeded him.
BZ95160. Billon aspron trachy, DOC IV-I 10; CLBC 3.3.2; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/B/02; Hendy pl. 10, 9; Wroth BMC 53; SBCV 1944; Grierson 1070; Sommer 60.7; Ratto -, VF, well centered and struck, porous, scyphate, weight 4.221 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1118 - 8 Apr 1143 A.D.; obverse IC-XC (Greek abbr.: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ), Bust of Christ facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, gospels in left hand; reverse + Iω ∆εC-ΠOT ΠΦVPOΓNHT (or similar), bust of John facing, wearing crown and loros, and holding cruciform scepter and globus cruciger; from the S. Lindner Collection; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Manuel I Comnenus, 8 April 1143 - 24 September 1180 A.D.

|Manuel| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Manuel| |I| |Comnenus,| |8| |April| |1143| |-| |24| |September| |1180| |A.D.|, |tetarteron|
Wroth identifies the Virgin side as the reverse. Both sides are incuse.Gibbons Decline & Fall says of Manuel I, "The first in the charge, the last in the retreat, his friends and his enemies alike trembled, the former for his safety, and the latter for their own."
BZ95159. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 17a; Wroth BMC 71; Morrison BnF 61/Cp/AE/33; Hendy pl. 17, 11; Ratto 2153; CLBC 4.4.4; SBCV 1970; Grierson 1096; Sommer 61.15, aVF, off center, flatly struck areas, corrosion, weight 3.328 g, maximum diameter 21.48 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 1152 - 1160 A.D.; obverse bust of Virgin Mary orans, nimbate wearing pallium and maphorium, MP - ΘV flanking across field; reverse MANOVHAΛ ∆EC (or similar), half-length of emperor facing, wearing crown, divitision and jeweled chlamys, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; $125.00 SALE |PRICE| $113.00
 


Byzantine Empire, Alexius I Comnenus, 4 April 1081 - 15 August 1118 A.D.

|Alexius| |I|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Alexius| |I| |Comnenus,| |4| |April| |1081| |-| |15| |August| |1118| |A.D.|, |half| |tetarteron|
Although he was not the founder of the Comnenian dynasty, it was during his reign that the Comnenos family came to full power. Inheriting a collapsing empire and faced with constant warfare during his reign against both the Seljuq Turks in Asia Minor and the Normans in the western Balkans, Alexius was able to curb the Byzantine decline and begin the military, financial, and territorial recovery known as the Comnenian restoration.
BZ95145. Bronze half tetarteron, CLBC 2.4.6; DOC IV-1 39; SBCV 1930; Hendy p. 88 and pl. 8, 9; Grierson 1056; Sommer 59.25, F, well centered, overstruck as is common for the type, weight 3.444 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 1092 - 1118 A.D.; obverse bust of the Virgin Mary facing, orans, MP - ΘV (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) across field; reverse + AΛZI ∆ECΠ (or similar), Alexius bust facing, wearing crown, stemma, divitision and chlamys, labarum in right hand and globus cruciger in left; from the S. Lindner Collection; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $110.00
 







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REFERENCES|

Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. IV, Part 1: Alexius I to Alexius V (1081-1204). (Washington D.C., 1966).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Hendy, M. Coinage and Money in the Byzantine Empire 1081-1261. (Washington D.C., 1969).
Marchev, V. & R. Wachter. Catalogue of the Late Byzantine Coins, Vol. I, 1082 - 1261 AD. (Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria, 2011).
Morrisson, C. Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines de la Bibliothèque Nationale II, 711 - 1204. (Paris, 1970).
Ratto, R. Monnaies Byzantines et d'autre Pays contemporaines à l'époque byzantine. (Lugano, 1930).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Tolstoi, I. Monnaies byzantines. (St. Petersburg, 1913 - 14).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Imperial Byzantine Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1908).

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