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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Mysia| ▸ |Parium||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Parion, Mysia

Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion is now the village of Kemer in the township of Biga in Canakkale province of Turkey. In the Roman period, it was a major coastal city with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. This was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. It belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. In Roman times, it was a colonia, within the province of Asia. After that province was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander

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Thompson does not list this type but she identifies this monogram as probably that of a magistrate who may have been shifted from Lysimachia to Lampsacus after the earthquake destroyed the former city and then transferred to Cius to supervise operation there between 286 and 281. With this type, it seems he worked at four different mints.
SH86314. Silver tetradrachm, Seyrig Parion 14 (dies X/N), Müller 362 var. (thyrsos vice grain ear), Thompson –, SNG Cop -, gVF, nice toning, bumps and marks, some die wear, reverse a little off center, weight 17.116 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 287/6 - 282/1 B.C.; obverse diademed head of deified Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse Athena Nikephoros seated left, Nike crowning name held in her extended right hand, left arm resting on round shield ornamented with a gorgoneion, transverse spear on her far side, grain ear outer left, monogram inner left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ΛYΣIMAXOY (Lysimachos) downward on left; very rare; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.
RP75118. Brass AE 22, RPC II 887, SNG BnF 1460, gVF, slightly uneven strike, weight 6.211 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 1 Jul 69 - 24 Jun 79 A.D.; obverse VESPASIANVS CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse capricorn right, head turned back left, cornucopia on its back, AVGVSTVS below; very rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Parion, Mysia

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Plotina was Trajan's wife, married to him before he became emperor. She was renowned for her virtue and simplicity. Marciana was Trajan's eldest sister and the mother of Matidia. She was an accomplished woman who lost her husband before her brother's succession. Matidia lived as a widow with Plotina and they were united by the tenderest and most uninterrupted friendship. Both were awarded the title Augusta at the same time in 105. Marciana died c. 112 - 114. Plotina died in 129 A.D.
RP87105. Bronze AE 19, RPC III 1543 (17 spec.), SNG BnF 1468, Weber 5151; countermark: Howgego 304 (11 or 17 of this type in RIC have this countermark), VF, rough and porous, off center, area on reverse flattened by counter marking, area of corrosion on reverse, weight 2.772 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 105- 114 A.D.; obverse TRAIAN AVG, laureate bust right slight drapery on far shoulder; countermark: capricorn right in an oval punch; reverse MARCIANA ET PLOTINA AVG, confronting draped busts of Plotina and Marciana; rare; SOLD


Cornelia Supera, Wife of Aemilian, 253 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion is now the village of Kemer in the township of Biga in Canakkale province of Turkey. In the Roman period, it was a major coastal city with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. This was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. It belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. In Roman times, it was a colonia, within the province of Asia. After that province was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus. The ancient coinage of Parium is quite abundant.
RP89299. Bronze AE 23, RPC IX 381, SNGvA 7448, SNG Cop 302, cf. SNG BnF 1519/1518, VF, crude style, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 270o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 253 A.D.; obverse C CORN SVPERA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane and beaded necklace; reverse C G I H P, blundered capricorn flying right, cornucopia projecting upwards from back; rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos, 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great

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Thompson notes, the style of all the Parium staters (five known obverse dies) belongs to the later years of Lysimachos reign.
SH11200. Silver tetradrachm, Thompson 230, Müller 363, SGCV II 6814 var., SNG Cop -, VF, weight 16.94 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 287 - 281 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Alexander the Great wearing the horn of Ammon; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, rests arm on shield, transverse spear against right side, holds Nike crowning name, PXA monogram under arm, thyrsus outer right; scarce; SOLD


Parion, Mysia, 400 - 300 B.C.

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A Gorgoneion was a horror-creating apotropaic Gorgon head pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying face that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister Medusa was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, Athena, Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors wore Gorgoneion for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A Gorgon image is at the center of the pediment of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone pediment in Greece from about 600 B.C.
GS84183. Silver hemidrachm, SNGvA 1319; SNG BnF 1357; SNG Delepierre 2530; BMC Mysia p. 95, 14 - 16; SNG Cop 257 ff. var. (various control symbols), EF, mint luster, weight 2.427 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Parion (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 400 - 300 B.C.; obverse bull standing left, looking right, ΠA/PI in two lines above and below bull, no control symbol; reverse Gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), surrounded by snakes; ex Forum (2009), ex Numismatik Lanz; SOLD


Parion, Mysia, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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BMC assigns the ethnic bearing side as the coin reverse. SNG Copenhagen and other references list this Parion issue with the bull side as the obverse and the Gorgoneion side as the reverse. The latter is correct since on many of the coins the Gorgoneion was clearly struck with the mobile hammer die, same as this coin.
SH30331. Silver hemidrachm, SNG BnF 1385; SNGvA 7424; BMC Mysia p. 96, 31; SNG Cop 261 var. (control symbol), EF, toned, weight 2.269 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 0o, Parion (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse bull standing left, looking right, ΠA/PI in two lines above and below bull, phiale or shield (control symbol) below; reverse gorgoneion (facing head of Medusa), surrounded by snakes; SOLD


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Eros was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was Cupid ("desire"). According to Hesiod (c. 700 B.C.), one of the most ancient of all Greek sources, Eros was the fourth god to come into existence, coming after Chaos, Gaia (the Earth), and Tartarus (the Abyss or the Underworld). Parmenides (c. 400 B.C.), one of the pre-Socratic philosophers, makes Eros the first of all the gods to come into existence. In early Greek poetry and art, Eros was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power. But in later sources, Eros is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, by the later satirical poets, he is represented as a child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance Cupid.
RP85220. Bronze AE 20, RPC Online VI temp 3886 (3 spec. all same dies); BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG BnF -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Hunt-, SNG Çanakkale -, SNG Leypold -, gVF, centered on a tight flan cutting off tops of some letters, marks and scratches, weight 6.148 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse IMP SEV AL-EXANDER, radiate head right; reverse DEO CVPIDI-NI COLI C IL [?] PA (to the god Cupid, Colonia Gemella Julia Hadriana Pariana, blundered), Cupid standing slightly left, head right, nude but for drapery over left arm, right hand held over herm at feet on left; extremely rare; SOLD


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Located near Lampsacus, Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it was in the domain of Lysimachus and then the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia within the province of Asia. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus.
RP70938. Bronze AE 21, SNG Cop 304; SNGvA 1343; BMC Mysia p. 108, 116; SNG BnF -; SNG Hunterian -, VF, perfect centering, struck with a damaged obverse die, weight 4.774 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate,draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between legs, cornucopia on back, C G I H P (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; ex Russian Coins; SOLD


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Parium, Mysia

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Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion is now the village of Kemer in the township of Biga in Canakkale province of Turkey. In the Roman period, it was a major coastal city with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. This was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. It belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. In Roman times, it was a colonia, within the province of Asia. After that province was divided in the 4th century, it was in the province of Hellespontus. The ancient coinage of Parium is quite abundant.
RB75148. Orichalcum AE 23, SNG BnF 1505, Lindgren-Kovacs 280 var. (bust from front), BMC Mysia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Righetti -, gVF, well centered, exotic style, some inscription not fully struck, weight 6.424 g, maximum diameter 22.5 mm, die axis 300o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 26 Jun 221 - 13 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse M AVP ALEXANdRU SLES (blundered, S's reversed), bare headed, draped bust right, from behind; reverse wolf suckling twins Romulus and Remus, C G I H above, PAR in exergue (Colonia Gemella Julia Hadriana Pariana); very rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

ANS Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/
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Catalog current as of Friday, January 24, 2020.
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Parion