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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Caria| ▸ |Mylasa||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Mylasa, Caria

Mylasa (Milas, Turkey today) was often mentioned by ancient writers. The first mention is from early 7th century B.C., when Arselis, a Carian leader from Mylasa, helped Gyges in his fight for the Lydian throne. Under Persia, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. Mylasa joined the Delian League c. 455 B.C., but Persian rule was restored by 400. Mylasa was the hometown and first capital of the Hecatomnid dynasty, nominally Persian satraps, but practically kings of Caria and the surrounding region, 377 - 352 B.C. In the Hellenistic era, the city was contested by Alexander's successors, but prospered. Mylasa was severely damaged in the Roman Civil War in 40 B.C., but again regained prosperity under Roman rule.


Mylasa(?), Caria, c. 560 - 545 B.C.

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Under Achaemenid Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. The Persian satrap (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was restored towards the end of the century.
SH73588. Electrum 1/48 stater, Weidauer 168, Rosen 302, Mitchiner ATEC 215 (Ephesus, 560 - 545 B.C.), SNG Kayhan -, VF, weight 0.292 g, maximum diameter 4.9 mm, probably Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 560 - 545 B.C.; obverse lion paw; reverse scorpion within incuse square; very rare; SOLD


Mylasa, Caria, c. 560 - 545 B.C.

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Under Achaemenid Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. The Persian satrap (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was restored towards the end of the century.
SH74016. Electrum 1/48 stater, Weidauer 166 - 167, SNG Kayhan 925 - 927, SNGvA 1804, SNG Keckman 918, Traité I 94, VF, weight 0.290 g, maximum diameter 5.2 mm, die axis 180o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 560 - 545 B.C.; obverse lion head facing, seen from above; reverse scorpion within incuse square; SOLD


Mylasa, Caria, c. 560 - 545 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Under Achaemenid Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. The Persian satrap (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was restored towards the end of the century.
SH74014. Electrum 1/48 stater, Weidauer 166 - 167, SNG Kayhan 925 - 927, SNGvA 1804, SNG Keckman 918, Traité I 94, VF, weight 0.212 g, maximum diameter 4.9 mm, die axis 180o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 560 - 545 B.C.; obverse lion head facing, seen from above; reverse scorpion within incuse square; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Mylasa, Caria

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The origin of the cult of the god of the double axe goes back to the worship of Tarhunt, the Hittite god of Heaven. The earliest evidence for the cult of Zeus Labraundos dates to the middle of the 7th century B.C. The cult statue of Zeus Labraundos was, according to a surviving inscription, a gift bestowed by Hecatomnus, the founder of the Hekatomnid dynasty of Karian satraps. This statue was a standing Zeus with a tall lotus-tipped scepter upright in his left hand and a double-headed axe, the labrys, over his right shoulder.
SH14681. Bronze AE 35, SNGvA 2630, SNG Cop 437, BMC Caria 38, VF, weight 17.190 g, maximum diameter 35.0 mm, die axis 180o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse ΠO CEΠTI−MIOC ΓETAC KAIC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MULA - CEΩN, facing cult statue of Zeus Labraundos, wearing polos, labrys (double-axe) in right, spear in left, inside Ionian tetrastyle temple; large and interesting bronze; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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This type was attributed to Bargylia, a center for Artemis Kindyas worship, until an obverse was die linked to Mylasa. However, the die linked coin may not actually be the same Artemis Kindyas reverse, it may be similar but Athena. Discovery of additional specimens may clarify the attribution. -- The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus by Martin J. Price
SH26067. Silver drachm, Price 2493A, Winterthur 1559, Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, weight 4.147 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Caria, Mylasa or Bargylia mint, posthumous, c. 300 - c. 280 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, Artemis Kindyas (control symbol) in left field, Σ monogram under throne; rare; SOLD


Mylasia, Caria, c. 170 - 130 B.C.

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The Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms of Mylasa by Richard Ashton in Numismatic Chornical 1992 catalogs and discusses a hoard of very similar drachms attributed to Mylasa. The control marks on this example were missing from that hoard.

Ex William Turner Collection. William Turner (1792 - 1867), British diplomat of the early 19th century, authored his interesting and opinionated Journal of a Tour in Levante (1820) describing his adventures in the area. This specimen was obtained by Turner in the course of his travels (1812 - 1817).
GS70822. Silver drachm, Pseudo-Rhodian Drachm; SNG Tüb 3638, Ashton Mylasa -, SNG Keckman -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Mugla -, BMC Caria -, aVF, weight 2.056 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasia mint, c. 170 - 130 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing (not radiate), eagle with wings closed standing right in front of right cheek; reverse rose on stem with branch and bud on both sides, Π - E / A - M flanking across the field; ex Heritage Auctions 231407, lot 64054; ex Alex G. Malloy Auction XLIV 126; ex William Turner Collection; rare variant; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.

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This type was attributed to Bargylia, a center for Artemis Kindyas worship, until an obverse was die linked to Mylasa. However, the die linked coin may not actually be the same Artemis Kindyas reverse, it may be similar but Athena. Discovery of additional specimens may clarify the attribution. -- The Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus by Martin J. Price
GS88922. Silver drachm, Price 2493, Thompson Mylasa 11, Armenak 566, Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, SNG Alpha Bank -, SNG München -, SNG Saroglos -, VF, well centered, light toning, light marks, closed edge crack, weight 3.907 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Caria, Mylasa or Bargylia mint, posthumous, c. 300 - c. 280 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, Artemis Kindyas (control symbol) in left field; rare; SOLD


Mylasa, Caria, 420 - 390 B.C.

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Mylasa (Milas, Turkey today) was often mentioned by ancient writers. The first mention is from early 7th century B.C., when Arselis, a Carian leader from Mylasa, helped Gyges in his fight for the Lydian throne. Under Persia, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. Mylasa joined the Delian League c. 455 B.C., but Persian rule was restored by 400. Mylasa was the hometown and first capital of the Hecatomnid dynasty, nominally Persian satraps, but practically kings of Caria and the surrounding region, 377 - 352 B.C. In the Hellenistic era, the city was contested by Alexander's successors, but prospered. Mylasa was severely damaged in the Roman Civil War in 40 B.C., but again regained prosperity under Roman rule.
GA71823. Silver hemiobol, SNG Keckman 838, Troxell Carians 1B, McClean 8517, cf. SNGvA 7807 (type 1A: trident and NE below); cf. SNG Kayhan 834 (type 1C: no trident), gVF, obverse off-center, weight 0.501 g, maximum diameter 8.1 mm, die axis 45o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, obverse forepart of roaring lion right, head turned back left, foreleg below; reverse facing forepart of facing lion, from above, trident head upward below, all within shallow round incuse; SOLD


Mylasa, Caria, c. 450 - 400 B.C.

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Under Achaemenid Persian rule, Mylasa was the chief city of Caria. The Persian satrap (governor) ruled the city in varying degrees of allegiance to the emperor. Mylasa was a regionally prominent member of the Delian League, 460 - 450 B.C., but Persian rule was restored towards the end of the century.
GA71646. Silver hemiobol, Milesian standard, SNG Kayhan 934 ff., SNG Cop 379 (uncertain Anatolia); SNGvA 7803 (Ionia); SNG Tüb 2997 (Miletos); Klein 429 (same), Choice VF, lightly etched surfaces, weight 0.570 g, maximum diameter 8.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse facing forepart of lion, from above; reverse scorpion in incuse square; scarce; SOLD


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D., Mylasa, Caria

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RP14682. Bronze AE 36, SNGvA 2630, SNG Cop 437, BMC Caria 38, F, weight 23.128 g, maximum diameter 36.3 mm, die axis 180o, Mylasa (Milas, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 198 - 209 A.D.; obverse ΠO CEΠTI−MIOC ΓETAC KAIC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MULA - CEΩN, facing cult statue of Zeus Labraundos, wearing polos, labrys (double-axe) in right, spear in left, inside Ionian tetrastyle temple; large and interesting bronze; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Akarca, A. Les Monnaies Grecques de Mylasa. (Paris, 1959).
Ashton, R., et al. "The Pixodarus Hoard" in Coin Hoards IX (2002).
Ashton, R. "The Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms of Mylasa" in NC 1992.
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, E. Traité des Monnaies Grecques et Romaines. (Paris, 1901-1932).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Grose, S. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fitzwilliam Museum, Vol. II: The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Caria, Cos, Rhodes, etc. (London, 1897).
HNO - |Historia| |Numorum| |Online| |Database| - http://hno.huma-num.fr/
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
Konuk, K. "Coinage and Identities under the Hekatomnids" in Henry. (Paris, 2013).
Konuk, K. "Influences et Eléments Achéménides dans le monnayage de la Carie" in MIMAA.
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Mildenberg, L. & S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Mionnet, T. Description de Médailles antiques grecques et romaines, Vol 3: Aeolis - Cyprus. (Paris, 1808).
Mitchiner, M. Ancient Trade and Early Coinage. (London, 2004).
Price, M. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
Robinson, E. & G. Jenkins. A Catalogue of the Calouste Gulbenkian Collection of Greek Coins, Vol. II. (Lisboa, 1989).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 22: Caria. (Berlin, 2006).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part 1: Karia. (Helsinki, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 11: Caria to Commagene (except Cyprus). (London, 2013).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey I: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey VIII: Mugla Museum, Vol. 1: Caria. (Istanbul, 2012).
Troxell, H. "Carians in Miniature" in Studies Mildenberg.
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).
Weidauer, L. Problemeder frühen Elektronprägung, Typos I. (Fribourg, 1975).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, November 19, 2019.
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Mylasa