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Colossae was on the Lycus (a tributary of the Maeander River) 10 miles southeast of Laodicea, 13 miles from Hierapolis, and 3 miles from Mount Cadmus. In the 4th century B.C., Xenophon described it as one of six large cities of Phrygia. Antiochus the Great relocated two thousand Jewish families from Babylonia and Mesopotamia to Colossae. The city's commerce included trade in wool and woven fabric. It was known for its religious fusion (syncretism) of Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences, described in the first century A.D. as an angel-cult. The Apostle Paul addressed an epistle (letter) to the city's Christian community which addressed the cult and exalted the supremacy of Jesus Christ. The city was overrun by the Saracens in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. and ultimately destroyed by the Turks in the 12th century. As of 2015, it had never been excavated, but there are plans for an Australian-led expedition.RP86524. Bronze AE 32, RPC Online temp 1899; vA Phrygiens II 496 - 505; SNGvA 3765; SNG Mün 307; SNG Hunt 1938; McClean III 8789; BMC Phrygia p. 155, 5 (all same dies?), F, broad flan, earthen deposits, porous, weight 19.959 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 180o, Colossae mint, c. 177 - 192 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC - KOΛOCCHNΩ-N, laureate head of young Demos right; reverseHelios standing in galloping quadriga, facing, wearing radiate crown, globe in left hand, torch in right hand, KO-ΛOC/CH-NΩN in two divided lines below horses; ex David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; very rare; $360.00 (€306.00)
Sabina, Augusta 128 - c. 136 A.D., Wife of Hadrian, Ankyra, Phrygia
Ankyra, the chief city of the district Abbaitis in western Phrygia, should not be confused with Ankyra in Galatia, the modern capital of Turkey. Ankyra in Phrygia was probably the second century B.C. mint city of the coins reading MYΣΩN ABBAITΩN. After a long interval Ancyra begins again to strike quasi-autonomous and Imperial coins from the reign of Nero, when the town bore for a time the name of Julia (inscription, IOYΛIEΩN ANKYPANΩN), until the time of Philip.RP87411. Bronze AE 20, RPC III 2541; SNGvA 3433; SNG München 94; SNG Tübingen 3942; SNG Leypold 1426; SNG Lewis 1513; BMC Phrygia p. 62, 23; Weber 7020, Lindgren-Kovacs 885, VF, brown tone, weight 4.294 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Phrygia, Ankyra mint, 128 - c. 136 A.D.,; obverse CABEINA CEBACTH, draped bust of Sabina right; reverse ANKYPANΩN, cult statue of Ephesian Artemis, arms extended with supports, flanked by two stags; ex Nomos Obolos 10, lot 300; $140.00 (€119.00)
Ankyra in Abbaitis, Phrygia, c. 193 - 217 A.D.
Ancyra means anchor in Greek. There were two cities named Ancyra in Anatolia, the one in Abbaitis, Phrygia that issued this coin, and another larger city in Galatia, now the capitol of Turkey. Ankyra in Abbaitis may have struck autonomous coins as Abbaetae Mysi in the 2nd century B.C. Under Rome, Ankyra in Abbaitis struck civic coinage from the rule of Nero to the rule of Philip the Arab.RP87095. Brass AE 22, BMC Phrygia p. 59, 11 ff.; SNG Cop 132; SNGvA 3424; SNG München 88 var.; SNG Tübingen 3937; SNG Leypold 1421-1422 var., aVF, weight 8.072 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 180o, Ankyra in Abbaitis mint, Severan period, c. 193 - 217 A.D.; obverse ΘEON CYN-KLHTON, young draped bust of the Senate right; reverse AN/KYPA/NWN in three lines within laurel wreath; $75.00 (€63.75)
Abbaitis, Phrygia, 2nd Century B.C.
In the chaotic period after Alexander's death, northern Phrygia was overrun by Celts, eventually to become the province of Galatia. The former capital, Gordium, was captured and destroyed by the Gauls soon afterward and disappeared from history. In 188 B.C., the southern remnant of Phrygia came under the control of the Attalids of Pergamon. In 133 B.C., the remnants of Phrygia passed to Rome. For purposes of provincial administration the Romans maintained a divided Phrygia, attaching the northeastern part to the province of Galatia and the western portion to the province of Asia.GB59298. Bronze AE 20, BMC Phrygia p. 1, 1 ff.; SNG Cop 1; SNGvA 3330, VF, nice green patina, weight 6.452 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Abbaitis mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse MYΣΩN / ABBAITΩN and thunderbolt within wreath; $45.00 (€38.25)
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