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Colossae was on the Lycus (a tributary of the Maeander River) 10 miles southeast of Laodicea, 13 miles from Hierapolis, and 3 miles from Mount Cadmus. In the 4th century B.C., Xenophon described it as one of six large cities of Phrygia. Antiochus the Great relocated two thousand Jewish families from Babylonia and Mesopotamia to Colossae. The city's commerce included trade in wool and woven fabric. It was known for its religious fusion (syncretism) of Jewish, Gnostic, and pagan influences, described in the first century A.D. as an angel-cult. The Apostle Paul addressed an epistle (letter) to the city's Christian community which addressed the cult and exalted the supremacy of Jesus Christ. The city was overrun by the Saracens in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. and ultimately destroyed by the Turks in the 12th century. As of 2015, it had never been excavated, but there are plans for an Australian-led expedition.RP86524. Bronze AE 32, RPC Online temp 1899; vA Phrygiens II 496 - 505; SNGvA 3765; SNG Mün 307; SNG Hunt 1938; McClean III 8789; BMC Phrygia p. 155, 5 (all same dies?), F, broad flan, earthen deposits, porous, weight 19.959 g, maximum diameter 32.3 mm, die axis 180o, Colossae mint, c. 177 - 192 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC - KOΛOCCHNΩ-N, laureate head of young Demos right; reverseHelios standing in galloping quadriga, facing, wearing radiate crown, globe in left hand, torch in right hand, KO-ΛOC/CH-NΩN in two divided lines below horses; ex David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; very rare; $400.00 (€340.00)
Abbaitis, Phrygia, 2nd Century B.C.
In the chaotic period after Alexander's death, northern Phrygia was overrun by Celts, eventually to become the province of Galatia. The former capital, Gordium, was captured and destroyed by the Gauls soon afterward and disappeared from history. In 188 B.C., the southern remnant of Phrygia came under the control of the Attalids of Pergamon. In 133 B.C., the remnants of Phrygia passed to Rome. For purposes of provincial administration the Romans maintained a divided Phrygia, attaching the northeastern part to the province of Galatia and the western portion to the province of Asia.GB59298. Bronze AE 20, BMC Phrygia p. 1, 1 ff.; SNG Cop 1; SNGvA 3330, VF, nice green patina, weight 6.452 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Abbaitis mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse MYΣΩN / ABBAITΩN and thunderbolt within wreath; $50.00 (€42.50)
Kibyra, Phrygia, c. 100 - 84 B.C.
Kibyra (Cibyra) near the modern town of Gölhisar in south-west Turkey, was possibly originally settled by Lydians. According to Strabo, the Lydian language was still being spoken by a multicultural population in the 1st century B.C.; thus Kibyra was the last place where the Lydian culture, by then extinct in Lydia proper, persevered.GB86109. Brass AE 10, SNG Cop 271; SNG München 284; SNG Tübingen 4079; BMC Phrygia p. 134, 20; SNGvA -, F, dark patina with red earthen highlighting, tight flan, weight 1.396 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 270o, Kibyra (near Gölhisar, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 84 B.C.; obverse helmeted bust of Kibyras right, wearing Corinthian helmet; reverse humped bull butting right on ground line, KIBYPA in exergue; rare; $28.00 (€23.80)
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