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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |North Africa| ▸ |Mauretania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Mauretania (Morocco)

Mauretania is a region of Africa, separated from Spain by the straits of Gibraltar, and from Numidia by the river Ampsaga. It is now Morocco. Julius Caesar vanquished its king, Juba, and reduced the country to a Roman province. Augustus later exchanged it with Juba, the son, for Numidia. The region remained under the Romans until about 441 A.D., when Genseric, King of the Vandals, gained possession of it. Valentinian fought for it for three years, with various success; at length, peace was established and they divided Northern Africa between them. At the death of Valentinian, Genseric not only recovered all which he had ceded but overthrew the Empire of the West. Justinian reconquered this territory ninety-five years after the Vandals had permanently occupied it.

Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II with Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II| |with| |Cleopatra| |Selene,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |24| |A.D.|, |AE| |27|
After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
SH63561. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos 209, Mazard 351 (RRR), SNG Cop 605, De Luynes 4013, Fair, attractive for grade, weight 13.540 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 135o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed and draped bust right, club over shoulder; reverse BACI−ΛICCA / KΛEOΠATPA, headdress of Isis, with stalks of grain, crescent above; very rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Ptolemy, 24 - 40 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Ptolemy,| |24| |-| |40| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Ptolemy was the son of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. His mother was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Ptolemy was educated in Rome and Roman citizen. In late 40, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome. After welcoming him with appropriate honors, he ordered his assassination. Mauretania became a Roman province.
GB38911. Silver denarius, Mller Afrique 171 - 182 (various dates, years 5 - 17), SNG Cop -, aVF, lamination defects, weight 1.357 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 90o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 24 - 40 A.D.; obverse PTOLEMY REX, diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy right; reverse capricorn with cornucopia on its back, date below (obscured by lamination defect); very rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Ptolemy, 24 - 40 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Ptolemy,| |24| |-| |40| |A.D.|, |AE| |22|
Ptolemy was the son of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. His mother was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Ptolemy was educated in Rome and Roman citizen. In late 40, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome. After welcoming him with appropriate honors, he ordered his assassination. Mauretania became a Roman province.
GB39910. Bronze AE 22, Alexandropoulos 351a, Mazard 498, Mller Afrique 198, SNG Cop -, aF, weight 6.712 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 225o, Caesarea (Cherchel, Algeria) mint, obverse REX POLEMAEVS, diademed and draped bust right; reverse lion standing right, star above; rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Ptolemy, 24 - 40 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Ptolemy,| |24| |-| |40| |A.D.|, |AE| |23|
Ptolemy was the son of King Juba II and Queen Cleopatra Selene II. His mother was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Ptolemy was educated in Rome and Roman citizen. In late 40, Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome. After welcoming him with appropriate honors, he ordered his assassination. Mauretania became a Roman province.
GB42809. Bronze AE 23, SGICV 6033, Mller Afrique 197, SNG Cop -, Fair, weight 6.669 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 255o, Caesarea (Cherchel, Algeria) mint, obverse REX PTOLEMAEVS, diademed and draped bust of Ptolemy right; reverse lion leaping right, star above; very rare; SOLD


Lix, Mauretania, c. 50 - 1 B.C.

|Mauretania|, |Lix,| |Mauretania,| |c.| |50| |-| |1| |B.C.|, |AE| |26|
Ancient Lixus is located within modern Larache, on the right bank of Loukkos River the about three kilometers inland from the Atlantic ocean. Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century B.C. and was later annexed by Carthage. When Carthage fell to Rome, Lixus became an imperial outpost of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana. Among the ruins, there are Roman baths, temples, 4th-century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate remains of the Capitol Hill.
GB84540. Bronze AE 26, Alexandropoulos MAA 167, Mazard 630, Mller Afrique 234, SNG Cop 692, SGCV II 6643, aF, light corrosion, weight 9.762 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, Lixus (Larache, Morocco) mint, c. 50 - 1 B.C.; obverse male head left (Chusor-Phtah?), with conical hat with long tassel; reverse two bunches of grapes, neo-Punic inscription: LKS (above), MPL (below); rare; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II with Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II| |with| |Cleopatra| |Selene,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |24| |A.D.|, |AE| |28|
After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
GB85847. Bronze AE 28, Alexandropoulos 209, Mazard 351 (RRR), SNG Cop 605, De Luynes 4013, Fair, scratches, weight 13.110 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 45o, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 25 B.C. - 24 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA, diademed and draped bust right, club over shoulder; reverse BACI−ΛICCA / KΛEOΠATPA, headdress of Isis, with stalks of grain, crescent above; very rare; SOLD


Lix, Mauretania, c. 1st Century B.C.

|Mauretania|, |Lix,| |Mauretania,| |c.| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |29|
Ancient Lixus is located within modern Larache, on the right bank of Loukkos River the about 3 km inland from the Atlantic ocean. Lixus was first settled by the Phoenicians in the 7th century B.C. and was later annexed by Carthage. When Carthage fell to Rome, Lixus became an imperial outpost of the Roman province Mauretania Tingitana. Among the ruins, there are Roman baths, temples, 4th-century walls, a mosaic floor, a Christian church and the intricate remains of the Capitol Hill.
GB16387. Bronze AE 29, Alexandropoulos MAA 167, Mazard 630, Mller Afrique 234, SNG Cop 692, SGCV II 6643, F, nice light blue-green patina, little wear but soft strike, weight 11.262 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 180o, Lixus (Larache, Morocco) mint, pseudo-autonomous, c. 1st century B.C.; obverse head left (Chusor-Phtah?), with conical hat and long tassel; reverse two bunches of grapes, between which neo-Punic legend; rare; SOLD


Iol-Caesarea, Mauretania, Late 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.

|Mauretania|, |Iol-Caesarea,| |Mauretania,| |Late| |3rd| |-| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.|, |1/4| |Unit|
Phoenicians from Carthage founded Iol as a trading station around 400 B.C. It became a part of the kingdom of Numidia under Jugurtha, c. 160 - 104 B.C. In 29 B.C., Roman emperor Augustus made the Numidian King Juba II and his wife Cleopatra Selene II (daughter of Marc Antony and Cleopatra of Egypt) king and queen of Mauretania. The capital was established at Iol, which was renamed Caesarea in honor of the emperor.
GB84547. Bronze 1/4 Unit, SNG Cop 681, Alexandropoulos MAA 146, Mazard 549, Mller Afrique 288, F, tight flan, flan crack, corrosion, marks, weight 2.638 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 90o, Iol-Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, late 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Isis left, Punic letters ayin over tet behind; reverse obscure counterclockwise Punic inscription, three grain ears; SOLD


Kingdom of Mauretania, Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

|Mauretania|, |Kingdom| |of| |Mauretania,| |Juba| |II| |and| |Cleopatra| |Selene,| |25| |B.C.| |-| |23| |A.D.|, |drachm|
After his father's defeat and suicide, Juba II was take to Rome and paraded in Caesar's triumph. He was then raised in Caesar's household where he and Octavian became lifelong friends. He accompanied Octavian on campaigns after Caesar's death even fighting at the battle of Actium against his future wife's parents. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was raised by Octavia, Octavian's sister. Augustus restored Juba II as the king of Numidia c. 28 B.C. and later arranged for him to marry Cleopatra Selene II giving her a large dowry and appointing her queen.
SL91482. Silver drachm, Mazard 299, SNG Cop 567, Mller Afrique 97, NGC Ch VF, strike 3/5, surface 3/5 (2490384-004), weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Numidia, Caesarea (Cherchell, Algeria) mint, 20 B.C. - 23 A.D.; obverse REX IVBA (King Juba), diademed head right; reverse BAΣIΛIΣΣA KΛEOΠATPA (Queen Cleopatra), star with six rays around central pellet, within and above a crescent with horns upward; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; NGC| Lookup; scarce; SOLD








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REFERENCES|

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Falbe, C. & J. Lindberg. Numismatique de L'Ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Grant, M. From Imperium To Auctoritas, A Historical Study of Aes Coinage In The Roman Empire, 49 BC-AD 14. (Cambridge, 1946).
Mazard, J. Corpus Nummorum Numidiae Mauretaniaeque. (Paris, 1955-1958).
Mller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Ble, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).

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