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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ North Africa ▸ NumidiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Numidia

Numidia was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived King Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, Jugurtha. Jugurtha had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after Jugurtha killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. Jugurtha surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to face corruption charges. Jugurtha was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to North Africa. The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius Marius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. Marius was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla to neighboring Mauretania to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help of Bocchus I of Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha. In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, Jugurtha was executed.


Kingdom of Numidia, Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.

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Numidia (202 - 46 B.C.) was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived King Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, Jugurtha. Jugurtha had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after Jugurtha killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. Jugurtha surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to face corruption charges. Jugurtha was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to North Africa. The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius Marius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. Marius was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla to neighboring Mauretania to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help of Bocchus I of Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha. In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, Jugurtha was executed.
GB77302. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos MAA 18a, Mazard III 50, Mller Afrique 32, SNG Cop 505 ff., SGCV II 6597, F, near black dark glossy patina, earthen deposits, weight 14.970 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; obverse laureate head of king left, pointed beard, dot border; reverse horse galloping left, pellet below, linear border; $80.00 (68.00)


Kingdom of Numidia, Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

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Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was paraded in Octavian's triumph and then raised by Octavia. Augustus made Cleopatra Selene queen of Mauritania and married her to Juba, the king of Numidia. The crocodile symbolized Egypt, a land she had the hereditary right to rule, but which was not part of her kingdom.

These coins are usually called denarii because their design is inspired by the Roman pieces, however their weight is one full gram lower.
RP22815. Silver drachm, Mazard 343, SGICV 6004, SNG Cop 592, near Mint State, weight 2.8394 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, obverse REX IVBA, diademed head right; reverse KΛEOΠATPA BACIΛIC[...], Egyptian crocodile left; sharply struck, toned with underlying luster, obverse 1/5 off-center but full portrait and legend on flan, Ponterio & Associates, Inc., Sale #142, 1725; scarce; SOLD


Kingdom of Numidia, Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, 25 B.C. - 23 A.D.

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Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII by Marc Antony. After the battle of Actium, she was paraded in Octavian's triumph and then raised by Octavia. Augustus made Cleopatra Selene queen of Mauritania and married her to Juba, the king of Numidia.

These coins are usually called denarii because their design is inspired by the Roman pieces, however their weight is one full gram lower.
SH32207. Silver drachm, Mazard 335, SGICV 6002, toned EF, weight 2.579 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, obverse REX IVBA, diademed head right; reverse KΛEOΠATPA BACIΛICCA, headdress of Isis on crescent; sharply struck, beautiful rainbow toning; scarce; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Alexandropoulos, J. Les monnaies de l'Afrique antique: 400 av. J.-C. - 40 ap. J.-C. (Toulouse, 2000).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Babelon, J. Catalogue de la collection de Luynes: monnaies greques. (Paris, 1924-1936).
Falbe, C. & J. Lindberg. Numismatique de L'Ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Mazard, J. Corpus Nummorum Numidiae Mauretaniaeque. (Paris, 1955-1958).
Mller, L. et. al. Numismatique de l'ancienne Afrique. (Copenhagen, 1860-1862).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Strauss, P. Collection Maurice Laffaille - monnaies grecques en bronze. (Ble, 1990).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).

Catalog current as of Monday, October 23, 2017.
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Numidia