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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Canada||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Canada

Ireland, James II, 1685 - 1691; 'Williamite War "Gunmoney"

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Found in Canada or Northern New England.

James II returned from France, where he had fled, to Ireland with plans to recover his throne from his son-in-law and daughter, William and Mary. Short of silver, he issued base metal coins called gunmoney because the metal was, in part, obtained from old cannons. The coins are marked with the year and month they were issued. James promised that once he was back in power he would call in the coins, one month's worth at a time, and exchange them for proper silver coins. After James was defeated, although officially demonetized, the coins continued to circulate but at a much reduced value based on copper.

Although dated 1689, this coin was actually struck between the 1st and 25th of March 1690. The calendar in use at the time was what is called "old style" - or OS - where the new year started on March 26th.
WO34059. Bronze half crown, SCBC-SII 6579, Fair, weight 11.197 g, maximum diameter 31.8 mm, die axis 0o, Dublin mint, struck Mar 1 - 25, 1690; obverse IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA (James II by the Grace of God), laureate bust left; reverse MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX (King of Great Britain, France and Ireland) 1689, crown, 1689 above, MAR below; SOLD


Province of Canada, Quebec, Bank of Montreal, "Front View" Halfpenny Token, 1844

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On 10 May 1844 the government moved from Kingston to Montreal.
WO20002. Copper half penny, SCWC KM#Tn18, VF, weight 9.077 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Boulton and Watt Soho mint, 1844; obverse PROVINCE OF CANADA ? BANK OF MONTREAL ?, front view of the Bank of Montreal; reverse BANK TOKEN HALF PENNY, coat of arms of the bank, CONCORDIA SALUS, BANK OF MONTREAL incuse on ribbon, 1844 below; SOLD


Canada, 1857 Bank of Upper Canada Half-Penny Token

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WO38633. Bank of Upper Canada, Half-Penny Token, Near EF, weight 7.945 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, Birmingham, Heaton mint, 1857; obverse BANK TOKEN ONE HALF-PENNY, crown over anchor, sword, and axe; crossed cornucopias below; reverse BANK OF UPPER CANADA 1857, St. George on horseback right, lancing the Dragon; SOLD


Canadian, Ships Colonies and Commerce Token, c. 1815

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The legend reflects a remark made by Napoleon about the basis of the British empireís strength. Different varieties (over 25) were struck by Halliday, Heaton, and others. There is a variety with an American flag on the ship that was struck by Wright & Bale of New York.
WO38634. Canadian, Ships Colonies and Commerce Token, gVF, scratches on COMMERCE, weight 5.141 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 0o, c. 1815; obverse three masted ship over waves right, British flag; reverse SHIPS COLONIES & COMMERCE; SOLD


Colonial Canada, Blacksmith Copper, J & C. Peck / N. Starbuck and Son, c. 1835 - 1858

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"Blacksmith Coppers" refers to some types of imitation British halfpence struck in colonial Canada. The name comes from the story of a Montreal blacksmith who, "..when he wished to have a [good time] struck two or three dollars of these coppers and thereby supplied himself with sufficient change to gratify his wishes."

The dies, engraved by Benjamin True of Troy, NY about 1835, were for the obverse of a J. and C. Peck Company token (HT 363) and the reverse of a N. Starbuck and Son Company token (HT 368). Howland Wood in "The Canadian Blacksmith Coppers" first published in The Numismatist in 1910, wrote that he believed these dies were sent to colonial Canada after they were discarded, where they were used to strike blacksmith coppers in the early Nineteenth century, before Confederation minting began in 1858.

The Benjamin True dies were usually used only on one side and the other side was struck using locally made halfpenny dies depicting Britannia. The false halfpenny dies were shallowly engraved with minimal detail and the coins were weakly struck. The intent seems to have been to make the coins more acceptable by creating them with a circulated and worn appearance. It is hard to imagine that this type with a hard times token obverse and reverse was acceptable, which is probably why this type is rare. This die combination was not listed by Wood.

The catalog value in Rulau's 4th edition Page # 181 is $300.00 in Fine.

WO38390. Rulau HT-371, Wood -, aF (all are weakly struck), weight 6.426 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 135o, obverse PECK'S PATENT MACHINES, IN COMPLETE SETTS MADE AT TROY NY, Peck's machine (obverse for a J. and C. Peck Company token, HT-363); reverse MACHINE SHOP TURNING & BORING, SCREWS FOR PAPER OIL & CIDER MILLS &C., press screw (reverse for a N. Starbuck and Son Company token, HT-368); flan edge defect; rare (R5); SOLD








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REFERENCES|

Krause, C.L. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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Canadian Coins