, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
considered himself an artist, perhaps he was and took an interest in his coinage - the of are considered by many to be the finest numismatic art of the Roman Empire.RB84073. , 443 (S), 428, 119, 83, 262, -, -, -, VF, , excellent portrait, attractive brown , slightly off center, some light corrosion, 25.990 g, maximum 35.0 mm, 180o, mint, 65 A.D.; AVG GER IMP P P, laureate left, globe at point of neck; seated left on and shields, wearing helmet and military garb, in offering in her right hand, her left hand resting on at side, right foot drawn back and resting on helmet, ( ) flanking across at center, in ; $1450.00 (€1290.50)
, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.
After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, I recognized and his son, , as emperors in and Gaul. Gratian's brother retained Italy, , , and . In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, invaded Italy, driving out , who fled to I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, marched and defeated at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, surrendered at and was executed.RL84408. Silver , Trier 84b(1), 20a, 20644, 20 (10 fr.), VF, , dark encrustations, 1.831 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, (Trier, Germany) mint, 384 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; D N MAG MA-XIMVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; (courage of the Romans), seated facing on throne, left, left leg bare, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, TRPS in ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 278, defeated the , expelled the Franks from Gaul, reorganized the Roman defenses on the Rhine and resettled the Germanic tribes in the devastated provinces. He adopted the titles and .RA76944. , 32 (also 3rd ); , 22, 185; 530; , p. 56-57/4; -, EF, near full , portrait, light marks, 4.097 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , Rome mint, emission 4, 279 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, and right; ROMAE (eternal Rome), statue of seated facing inside a temple, left, in right, long in left hand, R pellet in crescent with horns up Γ in ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Roman Republic, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.
(or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR77516. Bronze as, 313/2, 575 (very ), I Rome 1357, 1160, 733, gF, , light corrosion, edge cracks, 24.804 g, maximum 31.0 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 106 B.C.; laureate bearded of , I (mark of value) above; Prow right, of decorating (prow-stem), standing left before prow and placing on of , L MEMMI (ME ) above, below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
At first, based his capital in , but when the under Alaric I entered Italy in 401 he moved his capital to the coastal city of Ravenna, which was protected by a ring of marshes and strong fortifications. While the new capital was easier to defend, it was poorly situated to allow Roman forces to protect central Italy from the increasingly regular threat of barbarian incursions. The Emperor's residence remained in Ravenna until the overthrow of the last western Roman Emperor in 476. Recognizing its security, Ravenna was selected as the capital of the Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy, and also became the seat of the exarchs.RS84411. Silver , 1228, 67, 59b, 20968, gVF, and struck on a cutting off tops of some letters and , attractive , small edge splits, light marks and scratches, 1.295 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 180o, Mediolanum ( , Italy) mint, c. 397 - 402 A.D.; D N HONORIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; (courage of the Romans), seated left on , draped, wearing crested helmet, on globe offering in her right hand, inverted spear in her left hand, MDPS in ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Amisos, Pontos, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of . The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the coast of Turkey.SH90327. Bronze AE 26, 2144; cf. 47 ff. (various ); 6732 - 6733; 1042; -; -, aVF, very thick , attractive , 19.462 g, maximum 25.5 mm, 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, time of , 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.; diademed of right, uncertain below neck; Amisos (on left) and standing , Amisos holding bridal(?) in right; extending in right, on left shoulder, spear against her right side; AMIΣHNΩN in ; ex Frascatius ; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.
was the younger brother of , and he was declared in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., allowed tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.RS84407. Silver , Trier 27(e)1, 109a, 7, 19675, VF, , , , bumps and marks, light corrosion, 1.963 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, (Trier, Germany) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; D N VALEN-S , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front; (City of Rome), seated left on throne, on globe in Roma's right hand, or spear without point vertical in her left hand, extends in right hand and holds frond over left shoulder in left hand, TRPS• in ; ; $180.00 (€160.20)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of and was personified as the deity .RB77368. , 693 (R); p. 139, 562; 773; 6445; -, F, green , 20.523 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 195 A.D.; L SEPT SEV V, laureate right; (to the valor of the emperor), on the left, standing left, in military attire, on globe in his right hand, spear in his left hand; or standing left behind him, helmeted, in military attire, crowning him with a in her right hand, in her left, S C ( ) in ; ex 2014; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
To the ancient Romans, Rome was "Roma Aeterna" (The Eternal City) and "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World). The empire is history but Rome is today, the eternal city. Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated; perhaps a greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, , music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.RA79930. , 42 (also 2nd ); , p. 57/5; 531; , 2, 185; -, aEF, perfect centering, much , some bumps and marks, 3.879 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, 2nd , Rome mint, emission 5, 280 A.D.; IMP PROBVS AVG, left in consular robe, eagle-tipped in right; ROMAE (eternal Rome), statue of seated facing inside a temple, in right hand, long vertical in left hand, R B in ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 169 - 158 B.C.
In 22 June 168, at the Battle of Pydna (in southern ) Roman forces under Aemilius Paulus crushed Perseus and his Macedonian army, ending the Third Macedonian War. The was broken into four smaller states, and all the Greek cities which offered aid to , even just with words, were punished. The Romans took hundreds of prisoners from the leading families of to be sold as slaves, including the historian Polybius. Perseus spent the rest of his life in captivity at Fucens, near Rome. The huge amount of booty brought home after the battle enriched Rome allowing the Government to relieve her citizens of direct taxation. As a gesture of acknowledgment for his achievements in , the senate awarded Aemilius Paulus a triumph and the surname Macedonicus.RR77822. Copper , 196/4, 264c, 466, 1104, VF, nice green , porous, 3.111 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 180o, Rome mint, 169 - 157 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress, three pellets behind; prow of galley right, above, three pellets below, before; better in hand than in the photographs; ; $135.00 (€120.15)
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