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City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.RL93225. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 554, SRCV IV 16446, LRBC I 77, Cohen 22, Hunter V 6, gVF, dark patina, edge cracks, ragged flan, weight 2.021 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 334 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, wreath left, TRP in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 (€46.00)
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 336 - 337 A.D.
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."RL95895. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 29, LRBC I 942, SRCV V 17521, Cohen VII 5, Hunter V -, gF, dark patina, well centered on uneven flan, weight 1.344 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHΓ in exergue; $50.00 (€46.00)