Messana, Sicily, 411 - 408 B.C.
Founded by Greek colonists in the 8th century BC, Messina was originally called Zancle, from the Greek meaning "scythe" because of the shape of its natural harbor (though a legend attributes the name to King Zanclus). In the early 5th century BC, Anaxilas of Rhegium renamed it Messene in honor of the Greek city Messene.
GB66780. Bronze hemilitron, Calciati I p. 51, 9mv4/1; BMC Sicily p. 107, 71; cf. SNG ANS 390 (controls obscure), VF, weight 4.673 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Messana mint, 411 - 408 B.C.; obverse ΠEΛΩPIAΣ, head of nymph Peloria left, hair in ampyx and sphendone, dolphin behind neck; reverse MEΣΣANIΩN, trident, A P between prongs, scallop shell left, hare downward on right; rare;
$105.00 SALE PRICE $95.00The Mamertini, Sicily, c. 200 - 35 B.C.
Mamertini or "children of Mars," was the name taken by a band of Campanian (or Samnite) freebooters who about 289 B.C. seized the Greek colony of Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it (Polyb. 1. 7. 2). - 1911 Encyclopedia BritannicaGB70788. Bronze tetras, Calciati I p. 111, 46 Ds 1 - RS 2; SNG ANS 455 - 4555 var. (plectrum vice tripod); SNG Cop 468 var. (same), VF, pale green patina, edge chips, weight 3.640 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 90o, Messana mint, c. 200 - 35 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; tripod (control symbol) behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, Nike standing left, wreath extended in right, palm in left, III (mark of value) in lower left field; ex CNG auction 219 (30 Sep 2009), lot 187; ex D. Alighieri Collection;
$90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00The Mamertini, Sicily, 220 - 200 B.C.
Mamertini or "Children of Mars" were a band of Campanian (or Samnite) mercenaries who, about 289 B.C., seized Messana at the north-east corner of Sicily, after having been hired by Agathocles to defend it. The Mamertines held Messana for over 20 years, converting it from a town of farmers and traders to a raiding base for pirates on land and sea. In 265 B.C., after Hiero of Syracuse had defeated them and besieged Messana, the Mamertines appealed to Carthage for aid. Soon after they appealed to Rome to rid them of the Carthaginians. The Mamertini then disappear from history, except even centuries later the inhabitants of Messana were called Mamertines. "Mamertine wine" from the vineyards of north-eastern tip of Sicily was the favorite of Julius Caesar and he made it popular after serving it at a feast to celebrate his third consulship.GI75670. Bronze pentachalkia, Calciati p, 104, 27; SNG ANS 432; SNG Munchen 707; SNG Cop 450; BMC Sicily p. 112, 37; HGC 2 851 (R1), aF, weight 10.899 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 180o, Messana (Messina, Sicily, Italy) mint, 220 - 200 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, long hair, kithara behind; reverse MAMEPTINΩN, warrior standing facing, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, sword in sheath with strap in right, inverted spear vertical in left, grounded shield leaning against spear, Π (mark of value) right; rare;
$70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
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Catalog current as of Sunday, April 23, 2017.
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