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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Collections| ▸ |Andrew McCabe Collection||View Options:  |  |  |   

Andrew McCabe Roman Republic Collection

Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.

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In Feb 44 B.C. the senate named Julius Caesar dictator for life. Fearing that he wished to become king, on the 15th of Mar, 63 senators assassinated him with their knives. His assassination plunged the Roman Republic into 17 years of civil war, after which it would re-emerge as the Roman Empire.
SH82705. Silver denarius, AlfŲldi Caesar, type III, 115 (this coin); BMCRR Rome 4147 (also I); Crawford 480/3; RSC I 34; Sydenham 1056; Sear Imperators 100; RBW 1678 (H) , gVF, toned, bankerís mark on obverse, areas of flat strike, attractive deep old cabinet toning, with hints of iridescence around the devices, weight 3.607 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 30o, Rome mint, moneyer M. Mettius, Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; obverse CAESAR∑IMP, wreathed head of Caesar right, cymbium (boat shaped cup used as a wine ladle) and lituus (augural wand) behind; reverse M METTIVS, Venus standing left, Victory in her extended right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, resting left elbow on shield which rests on globe, I (control letter) in lower left field; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 23 (9 Jan 2016), lot 376; ex Andrew McCabe Collection; ex CNG e-auction 237 (21 July 2010), lot 344; ex Professor L Fontana Collection; rare; SOLD


Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.

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In February 44 B.C., Mark Antony presented Julius Caesar with a royal diadem, urging him to declare himself king. Caesar refused and ordered the crown be placed in the Temple of Jupiter. Although he refulsed the diadem, he was already dictator for life, commander of the army, and high priest. He had the power of a king and, like a king, he put his own portrait on the coinage.
SH71920. Silver denarius, Crawford 480/4, Sydenham 1060, BMCRR Rome 4152, RSC I 22, Sear CRI 102, SRCV I 1408, VF, slightly uneven and off-center strike, but nearly all detail on flan, weight 4.034 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 90o, struck by L. Aemilus Buca, Rome mint, lifetime issue, Jan - Feb 44 B.C.; obverse CAESAR IM P M, wreathed head of Caesar right, crescent with horns up behind; reverse L AEMILIVS BVCA, Venus standing left, Victory in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics; SOLD


Julius Caesar, Imperator and Dictator, October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.

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"The coin that killed Caesar." The Romans believed that only kings put their portraits on coins. Caesar ignored this tradition and struck coins with his portrait and an obverse legend declaring his position as "Dictator for Life." According to Plutarch, a seer had warned that harm would come to Caesar no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theatre of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, Caesar passed the seer and joked, "The ides of March have come," meaning to say that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied, "Aye, Caesar, but not gone." For Caesar to put his image on coins and in effect declare himself king was too much for Brutus and his senator allies. Only weeks after this coin was issued, on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 B.C. Caesar was stabbed to death by as many as 63 conspirators.
RS73140. Silver denarius, Crawford 480/14; RSC I 39/40, BMCRR 4175, Sydenham 1074a, Sear Imperator 107e, SRCV I -, F, excellent portrait, attractive toning, uneven strike with unstruck areas, banker's mark, slightly irregular flan, weight 3.437 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, moneyer P. Sepullius Macer, Feb - Mar 44 B.C.; obverse CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, laureate and veiled head of Caesar right; reverse P SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, head lowered, Victory in right hand, long scepter with star at bottom vertical behind in left hand; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 13 (29 Nov 2014), lot 361; ex Andrew McCabe Collection; ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 4 (28 Dec 2013), lot 543; rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, Cast Aes Grave, c. 230 B.C.

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In 230 B.C., Rome sent envoys to the Illyrian Queen Teuta to obtain her aid in ending attacks and murders of Roman merchants by Illyrian pirates. After the Roman ambassador Lucius Coruncanius and the Issaean ambassador Cleemporus offended Queen Teuta, the were murdered at sea by her soldiers. In response, Roman forces occupied the island of Corcyra with the aim of humbling Teuta.
SH77477. Aes grave (cast) triens, Libral standard; Vecchi ICC 68; HN Italy 328; Crawford 24/5; Thurlow-Vecchi 33; Haeberlin pp. 60-61, 1-76 pl. 25, 8-11, gF, nice green patina, pitting, marks, weight 58.717 g, maximum diameter 40.2 mm, Rome mint, c. 230 B.C.; obverse horse prancing left, two pellets above and two pellets bellow (mark of value); reverse wheel of six spokes, four pellets (mark of value) between spokes; From the Andrew McCabe Collection; very rare; SOLD


Mark Antony, Triumvir and Imperator, 44 - 30 B.C.

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In October 42 B.C. the Republican army was defeated by the legions Antony and Octavian at Philippi. Cassius and Brutus committed suicide. Brutus' body was brought to Antonius' camp, where he cast his purple paludamentum over his dead body and ordered an honorable funeral for his erstwhile comrade. The Republican cause was crushed; Rome rested in the hands of the Second Triumvirate.
RR77478. Silver denarius, Crawford 496/1, Sydenham 1168, BMCRR II Gaul 60, RSC I 12, Sear CRI 128, SRCV I 1467, aVF, areas of flat striking, attractive golden iridescence over luster, weight 3.605 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 315o, military mint with Antony in Greece, 42 B.C.; obverse M ANTONI IMP, bare head right; reverse III VIR R P C, distyle temple, radiate facing head of Sol on medallion within; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; rare; SOLD


Pompeians in North Africa, Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio and P. Licinius Crassus Junianus, 47 - Early 46 B.C.

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Jupiter Terminalis on the obverse is copied from the coinage of Pompey the Great. The grain, scales and cornucopia advertise the prosperity of Africa. The curule chair commemorates the consulship of Scipio with Pompey in 52 B.C. Both Scipio and his legate P. Licinius Crassus Junianus fled by sea after the defeat at Thapsus but, trapped by the fleet of Publius Sittius, they committed suicide. After he pierced his body with his sword, some of his men unaware of his wound, asked about him, Scipio replied with his last words, which translate, "The general is doing well."
RR71921. Silver denarius, Crawford 460/2, Sydenham 1048, BMCRR Africa 4, RSC I Caecilia 49, Sear CRI 40, SRCV I 1376, aF, toned, tight flan, banker's mark, weight 3.311 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 270o, African (Utica?) mint, 47 - early 46 B.C.; obverse METEL PIVS SCIP IMP, bust of Jupiter right, hair tied with band, hair and beard in ringlets, eagleís head left over scepter below, METEL PIVS before, SCIP IMP behind; reverse CRASS IVN LEG PRO PR, curule chair, scales balanced on cornucopia above, stalk of grain lower left, dragon head or carnyx lower right; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics E-Sale 11, lot 180; very rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, C. Coelius Caldus, 51 B.C.

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The obverse depicts the moneyer's grandfather, also Caius Coelius Caldus, consul in 94 B.C., and the first in his family to obtain high office. Prior to his term as consul, in 107 B.C., he was a tribune of the plebs and passed a lex tabellaria, requiring a secret ballot to determine the verdict in cases of high treason. He was a praetor in 100 or 99 B.C., and proconsul of Hispania Citerior the following year. Later, during Sulla's second civil war, he tried to help Gaius Marius the Younger by preventing Pompey from joining his forces to Sulla, but failed.

The reverse honors the moneyer's father and uncle. His father was a Epulo Jovis, one of the septemviri Epulones, the college of seven priests responsible for banquets and sacrifices given in honor of Jove and the other gods. His uncle was an imperator, augur and decemvir, Imperator, Augur, Decemvir (sacris faciundis), commander for military forces, a priest-soothsayer, and one of a body of ten Roman magistrates responsible for management of the Games of Apollo, and the Secular Games. The moneyer's name and title are in the exergue.
SH71922. Silver denarius, Crawford 437/2a, Sydenham 894, RSC I Coelia 7, BMCRR II 3837, SRCV I 404, VF, toned, banker's mark, some light corrosion, weight 3.825 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 51 B.C.; obverse C COEL CALDVS downwards on right, COS below, head of Coelius Caldus right, standard inscribed HIS (Hispania) behind, standard in the form of a boar (emblem of of Clunia, Hispania) before; reverse C CALDVS downward on left, IMP A X (Imperator, Augur, Decemvir) in four lines on right, CALDVS III VIR (ALD ligate, triumvir) below, statue of god seated left between two trophies of arms, all on a high lectisternium with front inscribed L CALDVS VI VIR EPVL (VIR and VL ligate, Lucius Caldus Septemvir Epulo); from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 11, lot 171; scarce; SOLD


Roman Republic, C. Calpurnius Piso L.f. Frugi, 67 - 60 B.C.

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Gaius was married to Cicero's daughter, Tullia, in 63 B.C. and he was quaestor in 58 B.C. This type copies an issue of his father, Lucius Piso Frugi, c. 90 B.C. Crawford dates this type to 67 B.C. Sydenham and Grueber date it 64 B.C. Sear notes that hoard evidence indicates a date closer to 60 B.C.
RR71923. Silver denarius, BMCRR 3768 - 3770 var. (controls); Crawford. 408/1b, Sydenham 853, RSC I Calpurnia 25, SRCV I 348, VF, high relief head, attractive iridescent tone, weight 3.841 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 67 - 60 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left, hair tied with fillet and falling in long ringlets, L (1/24, control symbol) behind; reverse naked horseman galloping right holding palm, C PISO L F FRV over pellet (1/8, control symbol) below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 11, lot 168; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Mamilius, c. 189 - 179 B.C.

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Including this coin, Andrew McCabe knows of only six examples of this type, from two reverse dies.

Odysseus, Ulysses to the Romans, was a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and a hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey. Odysseus also plays a key role in Homer's Iliad and other works in that same Epic Cycle. Odysseus is most famous for the ten eventful years he took to return home after his famous Trojan Horse ploy and the capture the city of Troy.
RR69088. Bronze as, Crawford 149/1a, Sydenham 369, SRCV I 674, gF, nice green patina, slightly porous, weight 29.966 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 189 - 179 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above; reverse prow right, Ulysses on deck walking right staff in left hand, I (mark of value) above, ROMA upwards on right, LēMAMILI below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; extremely rare; SOLD


Roman Republic, Cast Aes Grave, 280 - 245 B.C.

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In 275 B.C., Pyrrhus returned from Sicily, only to find himself vastly outnumbered by a superior Roman army. After the inconclusive Battle of Beneventum and a negotiated peace, Pyrrhus gave up his Italian holdings and returned to Epirus. By the end of 270 B.C., Rome's subjugation of Italy was completed by the defeat of the Brutians, the Lucanians, the Calabrians, and the Samnites, and the recapture of Rhegium from the Mamertines. The town of Rhegium was restored by the Romans to its Greek inhabitants.
SH72867. Aes grave (cast) uncia, Crawford 18/6; Haeberlin pl. 36, 18 ff.; Sydenham 20; Thurlow-Vecchi 13; HN Italy 284, SRCV I 558, gVF, weight 15.0 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, Rome mint, 275 - 270 B.C.; obverse grain kernel, pellet left; reverse grain kernel, pellet; from the Andrew McCabe collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 10, lot 525; scarce; SOLD




  




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McCabe Roman Republic