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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ The Restored Empire ▸ John VView Options:  |  |  | 

John V Palaeologus, 15 June 1341 - 16 February 1391 A.D.

With Anna of Savoy, his Mother, as Regent, 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347 A.D.
Joint rule as junior emperor with John VI, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.
Sole rule, 22 November 1354 A.D. - 25 Sep 1373 A.D.
Joint rule with Manuel II, 25 Sep 1373 - 16 February 1391 A.D.
John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Cantacuzenus and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the West against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the Byzantine state was forced to become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty Sultan.


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John V was made emperor three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. After Anna was defeated in a civil war, John V was made junior emperor to his former advisor John VI Kantakouzenos and he married John VI's daughter. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, took sole rule and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery. John V converted to Catholicism in an attempt to obtain aid from the West against the Turks, but even this failed. Without allies, the Byzantine state was forced to become a vassal of the Ottoman Empire, permitted to exist only by the grace of the mighty Sultan.
BZ84652. Bronze stamenon, Lianta 887; Bendall PCPC 317; B-D LPC p. 238, 8; SBCV 2525 (assarion); DOC V -; Sommer -; Grierson -, aVF, full flan, edge cracks, excellent for the type, weight 0.956 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica mint, 1365 - 1369 A.D.; obverse Saint Demetrius standing facing, nimbate, wearing tunic, breastplate, and sagion, inverted spear vertical in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side, flanked on each side by a long cross with three bars, anepigraphic; reverse emperor standing facing, wearing crown with pendilia, stemma, divitision, collar-piece and loros, staff topped with a cross in circle in right hand, model of city in left hand, Manus Dei (the hand of God) above, star in lower right field; very rare; $300.00 (267.00)


Byzantine Empire, John VI Cantacuzenus and John V Palaeologus, 13 May 1347 - April 1353 A.D.

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When Andronicus III died, his chief administrator, John Kantakouzenos asserted a claim to regency of the young emperor John V. The emperor's mother, Anna of Savoy, was appointed regent and she had John Kantakouzenos declared an enemy of the state. John Kantakouzenos defeated Anna with Ottoman help, and he was made Emperor John VI. John V was married to his daughter, Helena Kantakouzene, and the boy was allowed to reign as the junior emperor. John VI Kantakouzenos spent much of his own private wealth unsuccessfully trying to strengthen the Empire but was still unpopular because of his ties to the Ottomans. His attempt to curb Genoese power ended with the total destruction of the Byzantine fleet in 1349. John VI ignored his young colleague and in time even replaced him with his own son Matthew. John V Palaeologus obtained Genoese help, overthrew his rivals, and banished John Kantakouzenos to a monastery, where he lived 30 years as the monk Joasaph and wrote his famous history.
SH70968. Gold hyperpyron, Lianta 849; Bendall 2004b, p. 297, C; SBCV 2526; Sommer 84.1; Grierson 1296; DOC V -, VF, weight 3.402 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, star on each side of the uppermost castle, B lower left, A lower right; reverse John VI on left and Andronicus V on right, kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction; IUINK (or similar) downward on left and IUINKY (or similar) downward on right, N's reversed; very rare; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, John V Palaeologus and Anna of Savoy (Mother, Regent), 15 June 1341 - 13 May 1347

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On 15 June 1341, Andronikos III died. He was succeeded by his son John V who was three days short of his ninth birthday. Anna of Savoy was appointed regent for her son. Andronikos III had entrusted the administration to his advisor John Kantakouzenos. While Kantakouzenos was fighting the Serbs in Northern Thrace, ambitious advisors in Constantinople convinced Anna to declare him an enemy of the state. On 26 October 1341, rather than face execution, Kantakouzenos proclaimed himself emperor. Civil war ended with Anna's defeat in 1347. On 3 February 1347, John VI was accepted as senior emperor with John V as his junior co-ruler. John V married Helena Kantakouzene, a daughter of John VI. John VI entered Constantinople and took effective control of the city. In 1351, Anna left Constantinople for Thessaloniki. She held her own court in the city, issuing decrees in her name and even controlling a mint. Around 1365, when her health was failing, she became a nun, and died under the name Anastasia.
SH70963. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 943; Bendall PCPC 190 (sigla 2); Lianta 845; Sommer 83.1.2; SBCV 2466 (Andronicus III), VF, clipped, graffiti, weight 4.266 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, regency of Anna, 15 Jun 1341 - 13 May 1347; obverse Anna of Savoy (on left) and her son John V, on right, both crowned and stand facing, empress holds trefoil scepter, emperor holds akakia and cruciform scepter, sigla Γ left, w in center; reverse the deceased Andronicus III, on left, kneeling before Christ standing facing, who extends his right hand over the emperor in benediction, Gospels in left, A∆PNH (or similar, blundered) downward on left, IC XC on right; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 176 (10 March 2009), lot 2823; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. "A Note on the Hyperpyra of John V and VI (1347 - 1354)" in NumCirc 112 (2004), pp. 297 - 299.
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P.J. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 28, 2017.
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John V Palaeologus