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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Heraclean Dynasty ▸ HeraclonasView Options:  |  |  | 

Heraklonas, 4 July 638 - October 641 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Heraclius (his father) and Heraclius Constantine (his half-brother), 4 July 638 - 11 January 641 A.D.
Joint rule as junior emperor with Heraclius Constantine (his half-brother), 11 January - 20 April 641 A.D.
Sole rule 20 April 641 - September 641 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Constans II (his nephew), September - October 641 A.D.
Heraklonas was probably born at Lazica while his father was on campaign against Khosrau II of the Sassanid Empire. In 632, Heraclonas was designated Caesar and added to the coinage. He was probably the fourth son of Martina and Heraclius, but the first one born free of physical deformity and eligible for the throne. On 4 July 638, Heraklonas, then age 12, through the influence of his mother Martina, obtained the title of Augustus. The death of his father, followed only 100 days later by the death of his older half-brother, Heraclius Constantine, left Heraklonas as sole ruler. But the suspicion that he and Martina had murdered his older half-brother soon led to a revolt. Heraklonas was forced to accept his young nephew Constans II as co-ruler. Martina intended to balance this setback with the coronation of her younger son as another co-emperor, but this restarted the revolt. Heraklonas and his mother were mutilated (Martina's tongue and Heraklonas' nose were cut off) and they were banished to Rhodes. Heraklonas, then 15 years old, is presumed to have died later that year. Constans II, the son of Heraclius Constantine, became sole emperor.

Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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In 638, Heraclius created a buffer zone or no man's land in the heartland of Asia Minor. In the mountainous terrain of Anatolia, the Byzantine forces used defensive guerrilla warfare, known as "shadowing warfare." They avoided battle with major Muslim invasions and instead attacked raiding parties on their return when laden with booty, captured livestock or prisoners.Arab Invasion of Anatolia and Armenia
SH70022. Gold solidus, DOC II part 1, 39g; Morrisson BnF 59; Hahn MIB 45; SBCV 764; Sommer 11.29; Wroth BMC -; Tolstoi -, gVF, graffiti and minor flan flaw on reverse, weight 4.415 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 637 - 638(?); obverse Heraclius in center taller with mustache, long beard; standing with Heraclius Constantine on right, Heraclonas on left, sons beardless and equal height, all wear crown and chlamys, and hold globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGu H (victory of the Emperor, 8th officina), cross potent on three steps, Heraclian monogram left, A right, CONOB in exergue; SOLD

Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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In 641, when Heraclius died, he was succeeded by his sons Constantine III and Heracleonas. When Constantine III died after only a few months, the Byzantine people suspected that Heracleonas had poisoned him. Heracleonas was deposed, mutilated and banished. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, became emperor. This type is attributed to Heraclonas in DOC II-2 and Morrison BnF but today it is accepted as the first issue of Constantine II.
SH86348. Gold solidus, DOC II-2 Heraclonas 1c (not in the coll., refs. T.), Hahn MIB 3a, Tolstoi 13, Sommer 12.1, SBCV 936, Wroth BMC -, Morrison BnF -; Ratto -, VF, well centered, double strike, some legend weak, light scratches and bumps, weight 4.479 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, 8th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, Sep 641 - 642/644 A.D.; obverse d N CONSTANTINYS P P AVG, crowned and cuirassed beardless bust facing, small head, wearing chlamys, crown ornamented with cross on circlet, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse VICTORIA AVGY H, cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; SOLD



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Catalog current as of Tuesday, March 20, 2018.
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Byzantine Coins of Heraklonas