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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Gaul||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins of Gaul

Belgic Celts, Bellovaci, c. 100 - 57 B.C.

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The Bellovaci, among the most powerful and numerous of the Belgian tribes of north-eastern Gaul, were conquered by Julius Caesar in 57 B.C. The name survives today in the French city of Beauvais, called by the Romans Caesaromagus. The Bellovaci territory extended from modern Beauvais to the Oise River, along the coast. When Caesar learned the Bellovaci intended to conquer the territory of their Suessiones neighbors, he decided to oppose them and prove Roman superiority. The Bellovaci were surprised by the arrival of Roman troops but, despite his force of about 30,000 men, Caesar was intimidated by the size of the Bellovaci forces. Neither initiated battle. The Belgic warriors set traps in the woods for Roman foragers. Caesar called for reinforcements and built a bridge across a marsh to position his troops within range of the Bellovaci camp. The Bellovaci retreated and then attempted an ambush. Caesar learned of their plan and had reinforcements ready to attack, but the Bellovaci were defeated and their general Correus killed, even before he arrived. After the battle, the Bellovaci were impressed by Caesar's clemency but some of their leaders fled to Britain. Belgae_Map
CE92095. Bronze AE 16, cf. Delestrée-Tache I 307, CCCBM III 1, Scheers Traité 601, De la Tour 7276, VF, attractive olive green patina, obverse off center, weight 2.676 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 270o, c. 100 - 57 B.C.; obverse figure running right, ornaments around; reverse human-headed horse galloping right, one large globule above and another below; ex CGB Numismatique Paris; rare; $230.00 (€202.40)
 


Julius Caesar, and Octavian, 36 B.C., Lugdunum, Gaul

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RP46010. Leaded bronze cut fragment, cut half of RPC I 515, VF, green patina, weight 5.849 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, obverse [IMP] (above), CAES[AR DIVI F] DIVI IVLI, laureate head of Caesar left [and bare head of Octavian right (off flan)]; reverse C•I•V (above), prow right with large superstructure, ornamented with an eye; SOLD


Roman Republic, L. Licinius Crassus and Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus with L. Pomponius, 118 B.C.

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The reverse commemorates the victory in Gaul of Cn. Domitius Ahenobarbus over the Allobroges and Bituitus, King of the Averni. King Bituitus was taken prisoner and in the triumph of Fabius at Rome he was displayed in his chariot of silver. Minted at the newly-founded city of Narbo, the first Roman colony in Gaul. L. Pomponius was a junior colleague of the two primary magistrates. L. Licinius Crassus and L. Porcius Licinus minted similar types.
RR59064. Silver denarius serratus, SRCV I 158, Crawford 282/4, Sydenham 522, RSC I Pomponia 7, Sydenham 522, VF, weight 3.816 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 135o, Narbo (Narbonne, France) mint, 118 B.C.; obverse head of Roma right in winged helmet, L·POMPONI CN F (NF in monogram) around, X (XVI ligature, mark of value=16 asses) behind; reverse naked Gallic warrior in biga right with shield, spear and carnyx, L·LIC·CN·DOM in exergue; SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and suppl.).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, North Africa, Spain - Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania. Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain?Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
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Roman Gaul