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Ancient Coins of Armenia
Historic Armenia, at the crossroads of the three continents, is a land of snow-clad mountains and deep valleys. Like most mountainous countries, Armenia was destined to be a poor land whose inhabitants survived solely through their courage. It was not until the twentieth century that history of Armenia was subjected to serious study. Until quite recently very little material was available for research or collecting.
|The Kingdom of Commagene was an ancient Armenian kingdom of the Hellenistic period, located in and around the ancient city of Samosata, which served as its capital. The Iron Age name of Samosata, Kummuh, probably gives its name to Commagene. Commagene has been characterized as a "buffer state" between, , , and ; culturally, it seems to have been correspondingly mixed. The kings of the Kingdom of Commagene claimed descent from with Darius I of as their ancestor, by his marriage to Rodogoune, daughter of Artaxerxes II who had a family descent from Darius I. The territory of Commagene corresponds roughly to the modern Turkish provinces of Adiyaman and northern Antep.|