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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Judea and Palestina||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Judea and Palestina

Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D., Struck by Agrippa II(?), Caesarea Maritima(?), Syria Palestina

|Agrippa| |II|, |Claudius,| |25| |January| |41| |-| |13| |October| |54| |A.D.,| |Struck| |by| |Agrippa| |II(?),| |Caesarea| |Maritima(?),| |Syria| |Palestina|, |AE| |24|
Julius Marcus Agrippa was a teenager studying in Rome when his father died. He was too young to rule and his father's kingdom was made a Roman province. About 6 years later, he was given the kingdom of his uncle Herod of Chalcis. Later more was added. It was before Herod Agrippa II that Saint Paul was tried. Agrippa sided with the Romans during the Jewish rebellion. Though he continued to rule until at least 95 A.D., the temple was destroyed and in the end his assigned territories were in Syria, not Judaea. The attribution to a mint at Caesarea Maritima under Agrippa II is traditional, and supported by recorded finds 90% of which are around Caesarea Maritima. Still, it may have been struck at Caesarea Paneas, which better fits the style, or it may have been struck by a Roman procurator.
SL89827. Bronze AE 24, RPC I 4848 (6 spec.); Hendin 1263; Meshorer TJC 356; SNG ANS 744; BMC Palestine p. 12, 3; Rosenberger 1; Kadman -, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5, Agrippa II, 49 - 95, Caesarea (4283488-004), weight 8.78 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 45o, Caesarea Maritima (or Paneas?) mint, c. 49 - Oct 54 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IM P P, laureate head of Claudius right; reverse inverted anchor with ring on each end, within oak wreath; scarce; $500.00 SALE |PRICE| $450.00


Judaea, Bar Kochba Revolt, 134 - 135 A.D.

|Bar| |Kochba|, |Judaea,| |Bar| |Kochba| |Revolt,| |134| |-| |135| |A.D.|, |AE| |24|
Simon Bar Kochba led a rebellion against Rome from 133 -135 A.D. This Second Jewish Revolt or "Bar Kochba" uprising ended with Hadrian's destruction of Jerusalem, the founding of "Aelia Capitolina" on the site, and dispersal of the Jews throughout the Roman Empire.
JD91433. Bronze AE 24, Mildenberg 113 (O10/R77), Meshorer TJC 289; Hendin 1437, Sofaer 141, SNG ANS 566, aVF, tight flan, light corrosion, light deposits, weight 11.837 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 180o, year 3 (134 - 135 A.D.); obverse seven branched palm tree with two bunches of dates, paleo-Hebrew inscription "Shimon" divided by trunk; reverse paleo-Hebrew inscription: "for the freedom of Jerusalem", five-lobed vine-leaf, hanging from curved branch; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $440.00 SALE |PRICE| $396.00


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Samaria

|Roman| |Judea| |and| |Palestina|, |Hadrian,| |11| |August| |117| |-| |10| |July| |138| |A.D.,| |Caesarea| |Maritima,| |Samaria|, |AE| |32|
Caesarea, about 30 miles north of Joppa and about 70 miles northwest of Jerusalem, was the capital of the Roman province of Judaea, the seat of the procurators, and the headquarters of the Roman troops. It was founded by Herod the Great and named after Caesar Augustus.
JD93012. Bronze AE 32, Hendin 836, SNG ANS 766, Rosenberger 24, Kadman Caesarea 27, F, green patina, grainy, earthen deposits, weight 18.384 g, maximum diameter 31.6 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Maritima mint, obverse IMP TRA HADRIANO CAES AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse COL I FL AVG, Hadrian, as priest-founder, plowing right with oxen, Nike flying left above holding wreath, CAESAREN in exergue; from The Jimi Berlin Caesarea Collection (surface find, Caesarea, Israel, 1972); $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.|, |prutah|
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72808. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, Meshorer TJC 333 - 335, aF, green patina, slightly irregular flan with flat spots where sprues were cut off, weight 1.842 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 135o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Antioch ad Hippum, Decapolis

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.,| |Antioch| |ad| |Hippum,| |Decapolis|, |AE| |26|
Hippos is an archaeological site located on a hill overlooking the Sea of Galilee in the Mt. Sussita National Park, Israel. Between the 3rd century B.C. and the 7th century A.D., Hippos was the site of a Greco-Roman city, which declined under Muslim rule and was abandoned after an earthquake in 749. Besides the fortified city itself, Hippos controlled two port facilities on the lake and an area of the surrounding countryside. Hippos was part of the Decapolis, or Ten Cities, a region in Roman Jordan, Syria and Israel that were culturally tied more closely to Greece and Rome than to the Semitic ethnoi around.
RP91033. Bronze AE 26, RPC IV Online T6576 (11 spec.); Spijkerman 19; Sofaer 13; SNG ANS 1139, VF, well centered, earthen deposits, scratches, tiny edge splits, weight 10.410 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, Hippos (Mt. Sussita National Park) mint, 7 Mar 161 - Feb 169 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI Λ AYPH-ΛIOC OYHPOC, laureate head right, slight drapery on far (left) shoulder; reverse ANTIO TΩ ΠP IΠ THC IEP K ACYΛOY, Tyche standing left, turreted, cornucopia in left hand, holding bridle of horse standing left on her far side; scarce; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.|, |prutah|
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72780. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, aF, green patina, weight 1.909 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $95.00 SALE |PRICE| $85.50


Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.

|Herod| |Archelaus|, |Herod| |Archelaus,| |Ethnarch| |of| |Samaria,| |Judea,| |and| |Idumea,| |4| |B.C.| |-| |6| |A.D.|, |lepton|
The galley refers to Archelaus voyage to Rome at the beginning of his reign. His father had modified his will, naming Archelaus younger brother, Antipas, king. Archelaus sailed to Rome to appeal and was awarded a large share of the kingdom and the title ethnarch. The galley reminded those that thought to challenge him that he had the backing of Rome.
JD91956. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1197, Meshorer TJC 72, RPC I 4916, BMC Palestine p. 233, 27, F, earthen highlighting, weight 1.546 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 270o, Jerusalem mint, 4 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse H-P-W (counterclockwise), prow of war galley facing left; reverse EΘN (ethnarch), surrounded by wreath; ex Better Auction Co. Ltd. Haifa, Israel, (Aug 1973), lot 62; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.|, |prutah|
Philo writes that Pilate had "vindictiveness and furious temper." Josephus recounts that after Pilate spent money from the Temple to build an aqueduct, he addressed a crowd of Jews. His soldiers were hidden in the crowd and when Jews began to protest, he gave the signal for his soldiers to randomly attack, beat and kill. Pilate was ordered back to Rome after harshly suppressing a Samaritan uprising. He arrived in Rome just after the death of Tiberius.
JD72787. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, Fair, weight 1.955 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.|, |prutah|
Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.
JD72786. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1342 - 1343, SGICV 5623 - 5624, Fair, weight 1.974 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 - 31 A.D.; obverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC, lituus (augural wand); reverse uncertain year in wreath; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.

|Pontius| |Pilate|, |Judaea,| |Pontius| |Pilate,| |Roman| |Prefect| |under| |Tiberius,| |26| |-| |36| |A.D.|, |prutah|
Pontius Pilate served under Emperor Tiberius and is best known from the biblical account of the trial and crucifixion of Jesus. He was the fifth prefect of the Roman province of Judaea from 26 - 36 A.D. He is known from the New Testament, his coins, brief mention by Tacitus, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, the Gospel of Nicodemus, the Gospel of Marcion, other apocryphal works, and a stone in the Israel Museum inscribed with his name and "PRAEFECTUS IVDAEAE."
JD72805. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, aF, green patina, earthen deposits, corrosion, weight 2.464 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00




  



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REFERENCES

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Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. III: City-Coins of Palestine: Hipos-Sussita, Neapolis, Nicopolis, Nysa-Scytopolis, Caesarea-Panias, Pelusium, Raphia, Sabaste, Sepphoris-Diocaesarea, Tiberias. (Jerusalem, 1977).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Vol. IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Friday, February 28, 2020.
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Roman Judea and Palestina