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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Arabia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Arabia

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Provincial Arabia

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The camel was the sacred animal and symbol of Dusares, the main Nabataean god. Camels were sacrificed to him. The Romans made the camel their symbol of Arabia.
SH90321. Silver drachm, Sydenham Caesarea 204; Kindler Bostra pl. VI, 10 ff. var.; BMC Galatia p. 54, 65 var. (Caesarea, Cappadocia); SNG ANS 1159 var. (all var. bust), gVF, superb heroic portrait, weight 3.409 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 117 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANΩ APICTΩ CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate, bare-chest bust right, with slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ς (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Bactrian camel, with two humps, walking left on exergual line; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins, extremely rare with this bust; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

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This type was previously attributed to Caesarea, Cappadocia but recent hoard evidence indicates it was struck in Bostra, Arabia.
RY10962. Silver tridrachm, SNG ANS 1160, SNGvA 6396, Sydenham Caesarea 190a, aEF, weight 10.26 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 135o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC (holder of Tribunitian power, consul), distyle temple, eagle in pediment, containing cult image of Artemis of Perge; some areas with mint luster, others a little frosty, ex Edward J. Waddell; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Petra, Arabia

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SH11674. Bronze AE 27, Spijkerman 38, Rosenberger 23, VF, weight 8.76 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, obverse IVΛIA ∆OMNA CEB, draped bust right, hair in waved horizontal ridges, bun at back of head, looped plait on neck; reverse A∆PI ΠETPA MHT, Tyche seated left inside distyle temple with pellet on pediment, holding stele in right and trophy in left; very nice grade for the city, yellow metal; rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Petra, Arabia

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RY11655. Bronze AE 29, Spijkerman 45, VF, weight 15.03 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, obverse AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEIN [..], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PI ΠETPA MHT, Tyche seated left inside distyle temple, holding stele in right and trophy in left; very nice grade for this city, slightly irregular flan; rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Provincial Arabia

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Bostra was first mentioned in the documents of Tutmose III and Akhenaton (14th century BC). Bosra was the first Nabataean city in the 2nd century B.C. The Nabataean Kingdom was conquered by Cornelius Palma, a general of Trajan, in 106 A.D. Under the Roman Empire, Bosra was renamed Nova Trajana Bostra, and was the residence of the legio III Cyrenaica and capital of the Roman province Arabia Petraea. The city flourished and became a major metropolis at the juncture of several trade routes, including the Roman road to the Red Sea. The two Councils of Arabia were held at Bostra in 246 and 247 AD. The city continued under the Byzantine Empire, was conquered by the Sassanid Persians in the early 7th century, and finally conquered by the forces of the Rashidun Caliphate under Khalid ibn Walid in the Battle of Bosra in 634.
RS46939. Silver drachm, Kindler Bostra 11, Sydenham Caesarea 205, Metcalf 18, VF, nicely centered, weight 3.267 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANW APICTW CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ς (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Bactrian camel, with two humps, walking left on exergual line; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Kanatha, Decapolis, Provincia Arabia

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Kanatha (or Canatha), 16 miles N. of Bostra, is today Qanawat, Syria. It was the Biblical Kenath, which was captured by Nobah from the Amorites (Numbers 32:42 and Judges 8:11) and taken back by Geshur and Aram. The epithet Gabinia (ΓABI in the reverse legend) was probably derived from Gabinius the Proconsul of Syria.
SH13649. Bronze AE 19, Sofaer p. 154 & pl. 132, 7 (same dies); Rosenberger IV p. 18, 8 (same); Spijkerman p. 92, 8; SNG ANS 1267 ff., aVF, weight 2.71 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kanatha (Qanawat, Syria) mint, obverse KOMO ANTONC (sic, A unbarred), laureate, draped, and cuirassed right, from behind; reverse ΓABI KANAΘ (A's unbarred, Θ appearing as O), bust of Athena right, draped, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; rare coin and city; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Rabbathmoba-Areopolis, Arabia

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Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
SH73035. Bronze AE 28, Sofaer 3, SNG ANS 1414; Spijkerman p. 265, 12; Rosenberger IV 3, VF, very nice for the type, weight 11.732 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, obverse AVT KAIC Λ CEΠ CEOVHPOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse PABBAΘM−ΩBΩN APHC, cult statue of Ares standing facing in military dress, sword erect in right, spear and round shield in left, on platform with four legs set on base; rare; SOLD


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Arabia

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The finest example of the type we have handled to date.
RY13196. Bronze AE 19, SNG ANS 1373 ff., SNG Cop 150, Spijkerman 56, Rosenberger 35, BMC Arabia -, gVF, weight 5.63 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Petra mint, obverse IMP C M AVP ANTONINOC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PETΛA COLONI A, founder ploughing right with pair of oxen, togate, right hand raised; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis, Arabia

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Gadara, located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.
RP72132. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online 6688, Sofaer 62 (ΓMC) = Rosenberger IV 66, Spijkerman 65 (ΓMC), cf. SNG ANS 1319 (EMC), BMC Galatia -, Meshorer City Coin -, gF, well centered and struck, near black patina with red earthen encrustation, weight 5.846 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 179 - 180 A.D.; obverse AVT K Λ AVP KOMMO∆ON, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APEWN, Tyche standing right, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, left foot on galley; small Nike offering wreath atop column on right, ΓMC (year 243 of the Pompeian era) upward on right; scarce; SOLD


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Charachmoba, Arabia

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Coins of Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan today) were struck only for Elagabalus and are very rare. Kerak has been inhabited since at least the Iron Age. It was an important city for the Moabites. In the Bible it is called Qer Harreseth or Kir of Moab and was subject to the Assyrian empire; in the Books of Kings (16:9) and Book of Amos (1:5, 9:7), it is mentioned as the place where the Syrians went before they settled in the regions north of Palestine, and to which Tiglath-Pileser III sent the prisoners after the conquest of Damascus. It became important in the late Hellenistic Period, and eventually fell under Nabataean rule. Rome took it in 105 A.D., with support from the Arab Ghassanid tribe (who still live in there). Today Karak is best known for the crusader's Kerak Castle.
RP63100. Bronze AE 20, Meshorer City-Coins 275, Spijkerman 5, Rosenberger 2, SNG ANS -, F/aF, weight 5.235 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Charachmoba (Kerak, Jordan) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse A K M AV ANTΩNINO, laureate head right; reverse XAPAXMΩBA, priest (Elagabalus?) on right, seated left facing a high platform with steps (the Altar of Dusares?), on top of the platform: a column flanked by baetyls all on a low base and a wall or panel behind about half as high as the column; green patina with desert earthen highlighting, interesting type; very rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Kindler, A. The Coinage of Bostra. (Oxford, 1983).
Lindgren, H.C. and F.L. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (1985).
Lindgren, H.C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Meshorer, Y. City-Coins of Eretz Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period. (Jerusalem, 1985).
Meshorer, Y. Nabataean Coins. Qedem 3. (Jerusalem, 1975).
Metcalf, W.E. "The Tell Kalak Hoard and Trajan's Arabian Mint" in ANSMN 20 (1975).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Volume IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia, with supplement by A. Malloy. (New York, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 8: Syria-Nabataea. (London, 1971).(London, 1940-1971).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
van Alfen, Peter. "A Die Study of the Eastern Arabian Abiel Coinage," in Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms. American Numismatic Society (New York, 2010) pp. 549-594.

Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019.
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Roman Arabia