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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Provincial| ▸ |Roman Arabia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins of Arabia
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Provincial Arabia

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Provincial| |Arabia||drachm|
The camel was the sacred animal and symbol of Dusares, the main Nabataean god. Camels were sacrificed to him. The Romans made the camel their symbol of Arabia.
SH90321. Silver drachm, Sydenham Caesarea 204; Kindler Bostra pl. VI, 10 ff. var.; BMC Galatia p. 54, 65 var. (Caesarea, Cappadocia); SNG ANS 1159 var. (all var. bust), gVF, superb heroic portrait, weight 3.409 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 117 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANΩ APICTΩ CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate, bare-chest bust right, with slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ς (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Bactrian camel, with two humps, walking left on exergual line; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins, extremely rare with this bust; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Arabia

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Arabia||tridrachm|
This type was previously attributed to Caesarea, Cappadocia but recent hoard evidence indicates it was struck in Bostra, Arabia.
RY10962. Silver tridrachm, SNG ANS 1160, SNGvA 6396, Sydenham Caesarea 190a, aEF, weight 10.26 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 135o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANOC CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate head right with drapery on left shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC (holder of Tribunitian power, consul), distyle temple, eagle in pediment, containing cult image of Artemis of Perge; some areas with mint luster, others a little frosty, ex Edward J. Waddell; SOLD


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Petra, Arabia

|Julia| |Domna|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Petra,| |Arabia||AE| |27|
SH11674. Bronze AE 27, Spijkerman 38, Rosenberger 23, VF, weight 8.76 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, obverse IVΛIA ∆OMNA CEB, draped bust right, hair in waved horizontal ridges, bun at back of head, looped plait on neck; reverse A∆PI ΠETPA MHT, Tyche seated left inside distyle temple with pellet on pediment, holding stele in right and trophy in left; very nice grade for the city, yellow metal; rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Petra, Arabia

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Petra,| |Arabia||AE| |29|
RY11655. Bronze AE 29, Spijkerman 45, VF, very nice grade for this city, slightly irregular flan, weight 15.03 g, maximum diameter 28.6 mm, die axis 0o, Petra mint, obverse AVT K M AVP ANTΩNEIN [..], laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆PI ΠETPA MHT, Tyche seated left inside distyle temple, holding stele in right and trophy in left; rare; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Provincial Arabia

|Trajan|, |Trajan,| |25| |January| |98| |-| |8| |or| |9| |August| |117| |A.D.,| |Bostra,| |Provincial| |Arabia||drachm|
Bostra was first mentioned in the documents of Tutmose III and Akhenaton (14th century BC). Bosra was the first Nabataean city in the 2nd century B.C. The Nabataean Kingdom was conquered by Cornelius Palma, a general of Trajan, in 106 A.D. Under the Roman Empire, Bosra was renamed Nova Trajana Bostra, and was the residence of the legio III Cyrenaica and capital of the Roman province Arabia Petraea. The city flourished and became a major metropolis at the juncture of several trade routes, including the Roman road to the Red Sea. The two Councils of Arabia were held at Bostra in 246 and 247 A.D. The city continued under the Byzantine Empire, was conquered by the Sassanid Persians in the early 7th century, and finally conquered by the forces of the Rashidun Caliphate under Khalid ibn Walid in the Battle of Bosra in 634.
RS46939. Silver drachm, Kindler Bostra 11, Sydenham Caesarea 205, Metcalf 18, VF, nicely centered, weight 3.267 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 114 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANW APICTW CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ς (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Bactrian camel, with two humps, walking left on exergual line; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Kanatha, Decapolis, Provincia Arabia

|Roman| |Arabia|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Kanatha,| |Decapolis,| |Provincia| |Arabia||AE| |19|
Kanatha (or Canatha), 16 miles N. of Bostra, is today Qanawat, Syria. It was the Biblical Kenath, which was captured by Nobah from the Amorites (Numbers 32:42 and Judges 8:11) and taken back by Geshur and Aram. The epithet Gabinia (ΓABI in the reverse legend) was probably derived from Gabinius the Proconsul of Syria.
SH13649. Bronze AE 19, Sofaer p. 154 & pl. 132, 7 (same dies); Rosenberger IV p. 18, 8 (same); Spijkerman p. 92, 8; SNG ANS 1267 ff., aVF, weight 2.71 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Kanatha (Qanawat, Syria) mint, obverse KOMO ANTONC (sic, A unbarred), laureate, draped, and cuirassed right, from behind; reverse ΓABI KANAΘ (A's unbarred, Θ appearing as O), bust of Athena right, draped, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; rare coin and city; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Rabbathmoba-Areopolis, Arabia

|Arabia|, |Septimius| |Severus,| |9| |April| |193| |-| |4| |February| |211| |A.D.,| |Rabbathmoba-Areopolis,| |Arabia||AE| |28|
Rabbathmoba, probably the Biblical Ir-Moab, was conquered by Alexander Jannaeus. Its ruins are 18 kilometers north of Kerak in Jordan.
SH73035. Bronze AE 28, Sofaer 3, SNG ANS 1414; Spijkerman p. 265, 12; Rosenberger IV 3, VF, very nice for the type, weight 11.732 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rabbathmoba-Areopolis mint, obverse AVT KAIC Λ CEΠ CEOVHPOC CEB, laureate head right; reverse PABBAΘM−ΩBΩN APHC, cult statue of Ares standing facing in military dress, sword erect in right, spear and round shield in left, on platform with four legs set on base; rare; SOLD


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Petra, Arabia

|Elagabalus|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Petra,| |Arabia||AE| |19|
The finest example of the type we have handled to date.
RY13196. Bronze AE 19, SNG ANS 1373 ff., SNG Cop 150, Spijkerman 56, Rosenberger 35, BMC Arabia -, gVF, weight 5.63 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Petra mint, obverse IMP C M AVP ANTONINOC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PETΛA COLONI A, founder ploughing right with pair of oxen, togate, right hand raised; SOLD


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Gadara, Decapolis, Arabia

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.,| |Gadara,| |Decapolis,| |Arabia||AE| |21|
Gadara, located on a mountain summit about 6 miles south-east of the Sea of Galilee, was the capital of the Roman province Peraea. Mark (5:1) and Luke (8:26-39) describe the miracle healing of a demoniac (Matthew [8:28-34] says two demoniacs) in the country of the Gadarenes.
RP72132. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online 6688, Sofaer 62 (ΓMC) = Rosenberger IV 66, Spijkerman 65 (ΓMC), cf. SNG ANS 1319 (EMC), BMC Galatia -, Meshorer City Coin -, gF, well centered and struck, near black patina with red earthen encrustation, weight 5.846 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Gadara (Um Qais, Jordan) mint, 179 - 180 A.D.; obverse AVT K Λ AVP KOMMO∆ON, laureate head right; reverse ΓA∆APEWN, Tyche standing right, long scepter vertical behind in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, left foot on galley; small Nike offering wreath atop column on right, ΓMC (year 243 of the Pompeian era) upward on right; scarce; SOLD


Vespasian, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia, Titus Reverse

|Cappadocia|, |Vespasian,| |1| |July| |69| |-| |24| |June| |79| |A.D.,| |Caesarea,| |Cappadocia,| |Titus| |Reverse||didrachm|
From the Lucas Harsh Collection.

Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves.
RY86441. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1648 (9 spec.); Sydenham Caesarea 90; Metcalf Cappadocia p. 92, 2; SNG Cop 185 var. (Nike flying, no line); SNG Fitz 5427 var. (same), VF, superb local style portrait, attractive toning, part of obverse legend weak, small encrustation, reverse a little off center, weight 6.384 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 76 - 77 A.D.; obverse AYTOKPA KAICAP OYECΠACIANOC CEBACTOC, laureate bust of Vespasian right; reverse NIKH CEBACTH, Nike walking right on ground line (base?), wreath in extended right hand, palm over left shoulder in left hand; from the Lucas Harsh Collection; scarce; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Hill, G.F. Catalogue of the Greek Coins in the British Museum: Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. (London, 1922).
Kindler, A. The Coinage of Bostra. (Oxford, 1983).
Lindgren, H.C. and F.L. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (1985).
Lindgren, H.C. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection. (1993).
Meshorer, Y. City-Coins of Eretz Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period. (Jerusalem, 1985).
Meshorer, Y. Nabataean Coins. Qedem 3. (Jerusalem, 1975).
Metcalf, W.E. "The Tell Kalak Hoard and Trajan's Arabian Mint" in ANSMN 20 (1975).
Rosenberger, M. The Rosenberger Israel Collection Volume IV: The Coinage of Eastern Palestine, and legionary countermarks, Bar-Kochba overstruck. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Spijkerman, A. The Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia. (Jerusalem, 1978).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia, with supplement by A. Malloy. (New York, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 8: Syria-Nabataea. (London, 1971).(London, 1940-1971).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 2: Roman Provincial Coins: Cyprus-Egypt. (Oxford, 2008).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II, Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
van Alfen, Peter. "A Die Study of the Eastern Arabian Abiel Coinage," in Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms. American Numismatic Society (New York, 2010) pp. 549-594.

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